Who Has Diabetes?

Who Has Diabetes
Healthy eating is your recipe for managing diabetes. More than 37 million Americans have diabetes (about 1 in 10), and approximately 90-95% of them have type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes most often develops in people over age 45, but more and more children, teens, and young adults are also developing it.

How does a person get diabetes?

The role of glucose – Glucose — a sugar — is a source of energy for the cells that make up muscles and other tissues.

Glucose comes from two major sources: food and the liver. Sugar is absorbed into the bloodstream, where it enters cells with the help of insulin. The liver stores and makes glucose. When glucose levels are low, such as when you haven’t eaten in a while, the liver breaks down stored glycogen into glucose. This keeps your glucose level within a typical range.

The exact cause of most types of diabetes is unknown. In all cases, sugar builds up in the bloodstream. This is because the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin. Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes may be caused by a combination of genetic or environmental factors. It is unclear what those factors may be.

What foods are high in diabetes?

– French fries are a food you may want to steer clear of, especially if you have diabetes. Potatoes themselves are relatively high in carbs. One medium potato contains 34.8 grams of carbs, 2.4 of which come from fiber ( 53 ). However, once they’ve been peeled and fried in vegetable oil, potatoes may do more than spike your blood sugar.

  1. Deep-frying foods has been shown to produce high amounts of toxic compounds, such as advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and aldehydes.
  2. These compounds may promote inflammation and increase the risk of disease ( 54, 55 ).
  3. Indeed, several studies have linked frequently consuming french fries and other fried foods to heart disease and cancer ( 56, 57, 58, 59 ).
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If you don’t want to avoid potatoes altogether, eating a small serving of sweet potatoes is your best option. Summary In addition to being high in carbs that raise blood sugar levels, french fries are fried in unhealthy oils that may promote inflammation and increase the risk of heart disease and cancer.

Does alcohol cause diabetes?

Drinking alcohol can contribute to the conditions that cause diabetes – There are three main ways drinking alcohol to excess can be a factor in causing diabetes:

  1. Regular heavy drinking can reduce the body’s sensitivity to insulin, which can trigger type 2 diabetes
  2. Diabetes is a common side effect of chronic pancreatitis, which may be caused by heavy drinking 3
  3. Alcoholic drinks often contain a lot of calories – for instance, one pint of lager is equivalent to a slice of pizza. So, drinking increases your chance of becoming overweight or obese, which raises your risk of developing type 2 diabetes 4

Is your drinking causing you harm? Find out with our DrinkCompare Quiz

Can you be diabetic and skinny?

No matter how thin you are, you can still get Type 2 diabetes. Here’s what to know. People often assume that if you’re skinny, you’re healthy — people only get diabetes if they’re overweight.

Is diabetes more common in males or females?

Diabetes, especially type 2, is more common in males rather than females. However, females often have more serious complications and a greater risk of death. Who Has Diabetes Image Credit: Eviart / Shutterstock Glucose is usually metabolised and regulated at low levels in the blood through the function of a pancreatic hormone called insulin. This hormone is released after a meal, stimulating the cellular uptake of sugar and allowing it to be used and/or stored.

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However, in diabetes, cells are resistant to this hormone, leading to increased glucose levels in the blood. Over time, the lack of blood sugar control can result in life-threatening complications, if not correctly managed. There are two types of diabetes, type 1 which is more common in children and type 2 which is more common in adults.

Type 1 diabetes is caused by an autoimmune responseto insulin producing beta cells in the pancreas and is associated with genes and environmental factors. Type 2 diabetes is due to increased insulin resistance, associated with weight gain, inactive lifestyles and poor diet.