People of all ages can develop type 1 diabetes. If you have type 1 diabetes, your pancreas doesn’t make insulin or makes very little insulin. Insulin helps blood sugar enter the cells in your body for use as energy. Without insulin, blood sugar can’t get into cells and builds up in the bloodstream.
- High blood sugar is damaging to the body and causes many of the symptoms and complications of diabetes.
- Type 1 diabetes was once called insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes.
- It usually develops in children, teens, and young adults, but it can happen at any age.
- Type 1 diabetes is less common than type 2 —about 5-10% of people with diabetes have type 1.
Currently, no one knows how to prevent type 1 diabetes, but it can be treated successfully by:
Following your doctor’s recommendations for living a healthy lifestyle. Managing your blood sugar. Getting regular health checkups. Getting diabetes self-management education and support,
If your child has type 1 diabetes—especially a young child—you’ll handle diabetes care on a day-to-day basis. Daily care will include serving healthy foods, giving insulin injections, and watching for and treating hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). You’ll also need to stay in close contact with your child’s health care team.
Can you just get type 1 diabetes?
Overview – Type 1 diabetes, once known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition. In this condition, the pancreas makes little or no insulin. Insulin is a hormone the body uses to allow sugar (glucose) to enter cells to produce energy.
Can a poor diet cause diabetes type 1?
– Junk foods may contribute to diabetes in the following ways:
- Rapid effect on blood sugar levels : Highly processed foods that are high in calories and low in vitamins, minerals, and fiber break down quickly in the body and can cause a rapid rise in blood sugar levels.
- Inappropriate portion size : Junk foods are usually not very filling and frequently come in large portion sizes. Both these factors may lead people to overeat junk foods. This can have a negative impact on diabetes, including blood sugar spikes and weight gain.
- Weight gain : Due to its poor nutritional qualities and ability to encourage overeating, people who eat junk food may gain weight. Excess weight and body fat are major risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes, which accounts for 90–95 percent of all cases of diabetes.
- High blood pressure, Junk food is usually very high in sodium (salt), which contributes to high blood pressure, High blood pressure is linked to an increased risk of type 2 diabetes.
- Triglyceride levels, Junk foods are high in trans and saturated fats, which can raise levels of triglycerides, a type of fat that is present in the blood. High levels of triglycerides increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
According to a 2016 study published in Experimental Physiology, regularly eating junk foods can cause as much damage to the kidneys of people without diabetes as it does to those with the disease itself. Junk food also causes high blood sugar levels similar to those experienced by people with type 2 diabetes.
Can type 1 diabetics have kids?
During Your Pregnancy – As soon as you find out that you’re pregnant, work with your medical team to manage your blood sugar and head off complications. During your pregnancy, you and your doctors will adjust your diabetes management plan, so it’s important that you trust your team and feel free to reach out to them.
An endocrinologist (a doctor who treats hormone conditions, including diabetes). You may want to find one who specializes in caring for pregnant women with diabetes. An obstetrician (a doctor who treats pregnant women). Your pregnancy may be considered high risk because of your diabetes. If that’s the case, you may want to find an obstetrician who takes care of women with high-risk pregnancies. A diabetes educator who can help you manage your diabetes during pregnancy.
Here are a few things to keep in mind: Keep your A1C levels on target. Blood sugar levels that stay high during pregnancy may cause your baby to grow too large (macrosomia) or harm the early development of organs and lead to birth defects. Know your risks.
Preecalampsia – high blood pressure that can damage the liver and kidneys. Insulin resistance – when insulin is less effective at lowering your blood sugar. Miscarriage. Macrosomia – a larger-than-average baby. This can lead to a more difficult delivery. Birth defects that may affect your baby’s heart, brain, spine, kidneys, digestive system, limbs, and mouth.
Read more about possible risks during pregnancy. Be aware of changing insulin needs. Your insulin needs may change throughout your pregnancy. Low blood sugar is common in women with type 1 diabetes. Check with your health care team about how much insulin you need and how often you need it.
If you are delivering in a hospital, what is the procedure for women who wear an insulin pump? Can you keep your CGM on during labor and delivery? Who will manage your blood sugar levels during and after labor and delivery? What diabetes supplies do you need to pack in your hospital bag?
Learn more about birth plans external icon for people with type 1 diabetes.
How likely is it to pass down type 1 diabetes?
Your child’s risk – If you are a man with type 1 diabetes, the odds of your child developing diabetes are 1 in 17, If you are a woman with type 1 diabetes and your child was born before you were 25, your child’s risk is 1 in 25 ; if your child was born after you turned 25, your child’s risk is 1 in 100,
Your child’s risk is doubled if you developed diabetes before age 11. If both you and your partner have type 1 diabetes, the risk is between 1 in 10 and 1 in 4, There is an exception to these numbers: about one in every seven people with type 1 diabetes has a condition called type 2 polyglandular autoimmune syndrome.
In addition to having diabetes, these people also have thyroid disease and a poorly working adrenal gland—some also have other immune system disorders. If you have this syndrome, your child’s risk of getting the syndrome and developing type 1 diabetes, is one in two,
Researchers are learning how to predict a person’s odds of getting diabetes. For example, most white people with type 1 diabetes have genes called HLA-DR3 or HLA-DR4, which are linked to autoimmune disease. If you and your child are white and share these genes, your child’s risk is higher. Suspect genes in other ethnic groups are less well-studied; however, scientists believe the HLA-DR7 gene may put African Americans at risk, and the HLA-DR9 gene may put Japanese people at risk.
An antibodies test can be done for children who have siblings with type 1 diabetes. This test measures antibodies to insulin, to islet cells in the pancreas or to an enzyme called glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD). High levels can indicate that a child has a higher risk of developing type 1 diabetes.
- If you think your child might have type 1 diabetes, contact your doctor,
- If a member of your family has type 1 diabetes, you may be eligible for a risk screening offered through the TrialNet Pathway to Prevention Study,
- TrialNet risk screening is free to relatives of people with type 1, and uses a simple blood test that can detect your risk of type 1 diabetes years before symptoms appear.
If you are in the early stages of type 1 diabetes, you may also be eligible for a prevention study. Learn more about how to get screened.
How likely am I to get type 1 diabetes if my mom has it?
It is natural for people with type 1 diabetes (T1D) to worry about the possibility of passing the disease on to their children. Reassuringly, the disease does not develop in a majority of people with genetic risk factors. But that said, your child will still have a greater risk of developing type 1 than the general population—on average, this risk is about fifteen times greater for someone with a relative who has the disease.
Gender Race/ethnicity Where you live (the disease is more common in countries further from the equator) How old you were when you developed type 1 diabetes The presence of diabetes-related autoantibodies in your body Whether one or both parents have the disease Your age when the baby is born (if you are a woman) Having certain immune system disorders in addition to type 1
Source: ADA It is important to remember that one’s genetic makeup is not the only factor at play. In fact, 80 percent of people with type 1 diabetes have no family history of the disease. Researchers are still trying to understand exactly how genes and environmental factors interact to determine a person’s risk of developing type 1 diabetes —for example, certain viruses that target beta cells, causing the body’s autoimmune response to go awry and attack healthy cells.
Where is the most cases of type 1 diabetes?
List of countries by incidence of Type 1 diabetes ages 0 to 14
|30||United States Virgin Islands||12.8|
|44||Libyan Arab Jamahiriya||9|
|63||Antigua and Barbuda||3.5|
|63||Bosnia and Herzegovina||3.5|
|71||China, Hong Kong SAR||2|
|78||Republic of Korea||1.1|
|79||United Republic of Tanzania||0.9|
|88||Papua New Guinea||0.1|
Source: The International Diabetes Federation. The data on estimates for incidence of Type 1 diabetes in children aged 0 to 14 comes from the, with the estimates being for 2011. The league table only includes those countries where the rate of incidence of Type 1 diabetes is known.
Which population should be recognized as being at highest risk for diabetes?
Healthy eating is your recipe for managing diabetes. More than 37 million Americans have diabetes (about 1 in 10), and approximately 90-95% of them have type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes most often develops in people over age 45, but more and more children, teens, and young adults are also developing it.