What Type Of Disease Is Diabetes?

What Type Of Disease Is Diabetes
Overview – Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs either when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood glucose. Hyperglycaemia, also called raised blood glucose or raised blood sugar, is a common effect of uncontrolled diabetes and over time leads to serious damage to many of the body’s systems, especially the nerves and blood vessels.

  1. In 2014, 8.5% of adults aged 18 years and older had diabetes.
  2. In 2019, diabetes was the direct cause of 1.5 million deaths and 48% of all deaths due to diabetes occurred before the age of 70 years.
  3. Another 460 000 kidney disease deaths were caused by diabetes, and raised blood glucose causes around 20% of cardiovascular deaths (1),

Between 2000 and 2019, there was a 3% increase in age-standardized mortality rates from diabetes. In lower-middle-income countries, the mortality rate due to diabetes increased 13%. By contrast, the probability of dying from any one of the four main noncommunicable diseases (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases or diabetes) between the ages of 30 and 70 decreased by 22% globally between 2000 and 2019.

What disease category is diabetes?

Diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both.

Is type 2 diabetes a disease or disorder?

What is type 2 diabetes? – Type 2 diabetes, the most common type of diabetes, is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Blood glucose is your main source of energy and comes mainly from the food you eat. Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps glucose get into your cells to be used for energy.

Is type 1 diabetes a disease or disorder?

Disease of the Week – Diabetes Type 1 Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) disease that affects how your body turns food into energy. Insulin is a hormone that acts like a key to let blood sugar into your body’s cells for use as energy. Type 1 diabetes is thought to be caused by an autoimmune reaction (the body attacks itself by mistake) that stops your body from making insulin.

Type 1 diabetes is less common than type 2—approximately 5-10% of people with diabetes have type 1. for type 1 diabetes are not as clear as for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes, though family history is known to play a part. Blood sugar levels change often during the day. When they drop below 70 mg/dL, this is called having (hypoglycemia). At this level, you need to take action to bring it back up. Low blood sugar is serious and especially common in people with type 1 diabetes. Common symptoms of may include fast heartbeat, shaking, sweating, nervousness or anxiety, irritability or confusion, dizziness, and hunger. Many are used to treat diabetes. Types of insulin are classified by how fast and how long they work in your body. is a serious complication of diabetes that happens when your blood sugar is too high for too long and can be life-threatening. DKA is most common among people with, People with can also develop DKA. Good diabetes care (including self-care) and are key to living well with diabetes.

: Disease of the Week – Diabetes Type 1

Is diabetes a disability or chronic illness?

Chronic diseases are defined broadly as conditions that last 1 year or more and require ongoing medical attention or limit activities of daily living or both. Chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer, and diabetes are the leading causes of death and disability in the United States.

Tobacco use and exposure to secondhand smoke, Poor nutrition, including diets low in fruits and vegetables and high in sodium and saturated fats. Physical inactivity, Excessive alcohol use,

Is Type 3 diabetes a disease?

What is type 3 diabetes? – Type 3 diabetes is not a recognised medical condition. It is sometimes referred to when someone who has been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes goes on to develop Alzheimer’s. We’re currently funding a research project that looks into the link between Alzheimer’s and type 2 diabetes,

Why is type 2 diabetes a disease?

What is Type 2 diabetes? – Type 2 diabetes is a disease where your body can’t use energy from food properly. Your pancreas produces insulin (a hormone) to help your cells use glucose (sugar). But over time your pancreas makes less insulin and the cells resist the insulin.

Why is diabetes called autoimmune?

You may want to learn more about how type 1a diabetes develops. We know type 1a diabetes is caused by an autoimmune process in the body that mistakenly destroys the insulin-producing cells, or beta cells and occurs in genetically predisposed individuals. What starts the autoimmune destruction is unknown, but it may be due to environmental factors.

Is diabetes 1 genetic or autoimmune?

Non-MHC Genetic Factors – More than 40 non–HLA-susceptibility gene markers have been confirmed ( 5, 31 ). At present, polymorphisms of the INS gene and PTPN22 genes contribute most to diabetes risk after HLA alleles. Adding high-risk alleles of these genetic markers to HLA class II genotyping can improve risk prediction, but the effect is small even for the strongest loci, with ORs between 1.7 and 2.0.

Is diabetes a lifelong disease?

Diabetes is usually a lifelong condition that causes a person’s blood glucose (sugar) level to become too high. There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 – where the pancreas doesn’t produce any insulin. type 2 – where the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or the body’s cells don’t react to insulin.

Is diabetes a lifetime disease?

Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong (chronic) disease in which there is a high level of sugar (glucose) in the blood. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas by special cells, called beta cells. The pancreas is below and behind the stomach. What Type Of Disease Is Diabetes When you have type 2 diabetes, your fat, liver, and muscle cells do not respond correctly to insulin. This is called insulin resistance. As a result, blood sugar does not get into these cells to be stored for energy. When sugar cannot enter cells, a high level of sugar builds up in the blood.

  • This is called hyperglycemia.
  • The body is unable to use the glucose for energy.
  • This leads to the symptoms of type 2 diabetes.
  • Type 2 diabetes usually develops slowly over time.
  • Most people with the disease are overweight or obese when they are diagnosed.
  • Increased fat makes it harder for your body to use insulin the correct way.

Type 2 diabetes can also develop in people who are not overweight or obese. This is more common in older adults. Family history and genes play a role in type 2 diabetes. Low activity level, poor diet, and excess body weight around the waist increase your chance of getting the disease.

Bladder, kidney, skin, or other infections that are more frequent or heal slowlyFatigueHungerIncreased thirst Increased urination Blurred vision

After many years, diabetes can lead to serious health problems, and as a result, many other complications. Your health care provider may suspect that you have diabetes if your blood sugar level is higher than 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or 11.1 mmol/L. To confirm the diagnosis, one or more of the following tests must be done.

Fasting blood glucose level – Diabetes is diagnosed if it is 126 mg/dL (7.0 mmol/L) or higher two different times. Hemoglobin A1c (A1C) test – Diabetes is diagnosed if the test result is 6.5% or higher. Oral glucose tolerance test – Diabetes is diagnosed if the glucose level is 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) or higher 2 hours after drinking a special sugar drink.

Diabetes screening is recommended for:

Overweight children who have other risk factors for diabetes, starting at age 10 and repeated every 2 years Overweight or obese adults ( BMI of 25 or higher) starting at age 35Overweight women who have other risk factors, such as high blood pressure, who are planning to become pregnantAll adults starting at age 35, repeated every 3 years or at a younger age if the person has risk factors such as high blood pressure, or having a mother, father, sister, or brother with diabetes

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If you have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, you need to work closely with your provider. See your provider as often as instructed. This may be every 3 months. The following exams and tests will help you and your provider monitor your diabetes and prevent problems.

Check the skin, nerves, and joints of your feet and legs.Check if your feet are getting numb ( diabetic nerve disease ).Have your blood pressure checked at least once a year (blood pressure goal should be 140/80 mm Hg or lower).Have your A1C tested every 6 months if your diabetes is well controlled. Have the test every 3 months if your diabetes is not well controlled.Have your cholesterol and triglyceride levels checked once a year.Get tests at least once a year to make sure your kidneys are working well ( microalbuminuria and serum creatinine ).Visit your eye doctor at least once a year, or more often if you have signs of diabetic eye disease,See the dentist every 6 months for a thorough dental cleaning and exam. Make sure your dentist and hygienist know that you have diabetes.

Your provider may want to check your vitamin B12 blood levels if you are taking the drug metformin. At first, the goal of treatment is to lower your high blood glucose level. Long-term goals are to prevent complications. These are health problems that can result from having diabetes.

  • The most important way to treat and manage type 2 diabetes is by being active and eating healthy foods.
  • Everyone with diabetes should receive proper education and support about the best ways to manage their diabetes.
  • Ask your provider about seeing a certified diabetes care and education specialist and a dietitian.

LEARN THESE SKILLS Learning diabetes management skills will help you live well with diabetes. These skills help prevent health problems and the need for medical care. Skills include:

How to test and record your blood glucoseWhat, when, and how much to eatHow to safely increase your activity and control your weightHow to take medicines, if neededHow to recognize and treat low and high blood sugarHow to handle sick days Where to buy diabetes supplies and how to store them

It may take several months to learn these skills. Keep learning about diabetes, its complications, and how to control and live well with the disease. Stay up-to-date on new research and treatments. Make sure you are getting information from trustworthy sources, such as your provider and diabetes educator.

  1. MANAGING YOUR BLOOD SUGAR Checking your blood sugar level yourself and writing down the results tells you how well you are managing your diabetes.
  2. Talk to your provider and diabetes educator about how often to check.
  3. To check your blood sugar level, you use a device called a glucose meter.
  4. Usually, you prick your finger with a small needle, called a lancet.

This gives you a tiny drop of blood. You place the blood on a test strip and put the strip into the meter. The meter gives you a reading that tells you the level of your blood sugar. Your provider or diabetes educator will help set up a testing schedule for you.

Most people with type 2 diabetes only need to check their blood sugar once or twice a day.If your blood sugar level is under control, you may only need to check it a few times a week.You may test yourself when you wake up, before meals, and at bedtime.You may need to test more often when you are sick or under stress.You may need to test more often if you are having more frequent low blood sugar symptoms.

Keep a record of your blood sugar for yourself and your provider. Based on your numbers, you may need to make changes to your meals, activity, or medicines to keep your blood sugar level in the right range. Always bring your blood glucose meter to medical appointments so the data can be downloaded and discussed.

You are using insulin injections many times a dayYou have had an episode of severe low blood sugarYour blood sugar level varies a lot

The CGM has a sensor that is inserted just under the skin to measure glucose in your tissue fluid every 5 minutes. HEALTHY EATING AND WEIGHT CONTROL Work closely with your health care providers to learn how much fat, protein, and carbohydrates you need in your diet.

  • Your meal plans should fit your lifestyle and habits and should include foods that you like.
  • Managing your weight and having a well-balanced diet are important.
  • Some people with type 2 diabetes can stop taking medicines after losing weight.
  • This does not mean that their diabetes is cured.
  • They still have diabetes.

Obese people whose diabetes is not well managed with diet and medicine may consider weight loss (bariatric) surgery, REGULAR PHYSICAL ACTIVITY Regular activity is important for everyone. It is even more important when you have diabetes. Exercise is good for your health because it:

Lowers your blood sugar level without medicineBurns extra calories and fat to help manage your weightImproves blood flow and blood pressureIncreases your energy levelImproves your ability to handle stress

Talk to your provider before starting any exercise program. People with type 2 diabetes may need to take special steps before, during, and after physical activity or exercise, including adjusting doses of insulin if needed. What Type Of Disease Is Diabetes MEDICINES TO TREAT DIABETES If diet and exercise do not help keep your blood sugar at normal or near-normal levels, your provider may prescribe medicine. Since these drugs help lower your blood sugar level in different ways, your provider may have you take more than one drug. Some of the most common types of medicines are listed below. They are taken by mouth or injection.

Alpha-glucosidase inhibitorsBiguanidesBile acid sequestrantsDPP-4 inhibitorsInjectable medicines (GLP-1 analogs)MeglitinidesSGLT2 inhibitorsSulfonylureasThiazolidinediones

You may need to take insulin if your blood sugar cannot be controlled with some of the above medicines. Most commonly, insulin is injected under the skin using a syringe, insulin pen, or pump. Another form of insulin is the inhaled type. Insulin cannot be taken by mouth because the acid in the stomach destroys the insulin.

Eye diseaseKidney disease Heart disease and stroke

FOOT CARE People with diabetes are more likely than those without diabetes to have foot problems, Diabetes damages the nerves. This can make your feet less able to feel pressure, pain, heat, or cold. You may not notice a foot injury until you have severe damage to the skin and tissue below, or you get a severe infection.

Stop smoking if you smoke.Improve control of your blood sugar.Get a foot exam by your provider at least twice a year to learn if you have nerve damage.Ask your provider to check your feet for problems such as calluses, bunions or hammertoes. These need to be treated to prevent skin breakdown and ulcers.Check and care for your feet every day. This is very important when you already have nerve or blood vessel damage or foot problems.Treat minor infections, such as athlete’s foot, right away.Use moisturizing lotion on dry skin.Make sure you wear the right kind of shoes. Ask your provider what type of shoe is right for you.

What Type Of Disease Is Diabetes EMOTIONAL HEALTH Living with diabetes can be stressful. You may feel overwhelmed by everything you need to do to manage your diabetes. But taking care of your emotional health is just as important as your physical health. Ways to relieve stress include:

Listening to relaxing musicMeditating to take your mind off your worriesDeep breathing to help relieve physical tensionDoing yoga, tai chi, or progressive relaxation

Feeling sad or down (depressed) or anxious sometimes is normal. But if you have these feelings often and they’re getting in the way of managing your diabetes, talk with your health care team. They can find ways to help you feel better. People with diabetes should make sure to keep up on their vaccination schedule.

There are many diabetes resources that can help you understand more about type 2 diabetes. You can also learn ways to manage your condition so you can live well with diabetes. Diabetes is a lifelong disease and there is no cure. Some people with type 2 diabetes no longer need medicine if they lose weight and become more active.

When they reach their ideal weight, their body’s own insulin and a healthy diet can control their blood sugar level. After many years, diabetes can lead to serious health problems:

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You could have eye problems, including trouble seeing (especially at night), and light sensitivity. You could become blind.Your feet and skin can develop sores and infections. If the wounds do not heal properly, your foot or leg may need to be amputated. Infections can also cause pain and itching in the skin.Diabetes may make it harder to control your blood pressure and cholesterol. This can lead to a heart attack, stroke, and other problems. It can become harder for blood to flow to your legs and feet. Nerves in your body can get damaged, causing pain, tingling, and numbness.Because of nerve damage, you could have problems digesting the food you eat. You could feel weakness or have trouble going to the bathroom. Nerve damage can make it harder for men to have an erection.High blood sugar and other problems can lead to kidney damage, Your kidneys may not work as well as they used to. They may even stop working so that you need dialysis or a kidney transplant,High blood sugar can weaken your immune system. This may make it more likely for you to get infections, including life-threatening skin and fungal infections.

What Type Of Disease Is Diabetes Call 911 or the local emergency number right away if you have:

Chest pain or pressureFainting, confusion or unconsciousness Seizure Shortness of breathRed, painful skin that is spreading quickly

These symptoms can quickly get worse and become emergency conditions (such as seizures, hypoglycemic coma or hyperglycemic coma). Also contact your provider if you have:

Numbness, tingling, or pain in your feet or legsProblems with your eyesightSores or infections on your feetSymptoms of high blood sugar (extreme thirst, blurry vision, dry skin, weakness or fatigue, the need to urinate a lot)Symptoms of low blood sugar (weakness or fatigue, trembling, sweating, irritability, trouble thinking clearly, fast heartbeat, double or blurry vision, uneasy feeling)Frequent feelings of depression or anxiety

What Type Of Disease Is Diabetes You can help prevent type 2 diabetes by staying at a healthy body weight. You can get to a healthy weight by eating healthy foods, controlling your portion sizes, and leading an active lifestyle. Some medicines can also delay or prevent type 2 diabetes in people at risk of developing the disease.

Noninsulin-dependent diabetes; Diabetes – type II; Adult-onset diabetes; Diabetic – type 2 diabetes; Oral hypoglycemic – type 2 diabetes; High blood sugar – type 2 diabetes American Diabetes Association Professional Practice Committee.2. Classification and diagnosis of diabetes: standards of medical care in diabetes – 2022.

Diabetes Care.2022;45(Suppl 1):S17-S38. PMID: 34964875. pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34964875/, American Diabetes Association Professional Practice Committee, Draznin B, Aroda VR, et al.8. Obesity and weight management for the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes: standards of medical care in diabetes – 2022.

  • Diabetes Care.2022;45(Suppl 1):S113-S124.
  • PMID: 34964843.
  • Pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34964843/,
  • American Diabetes Association Professional Practice Committee, Draznin B, Aroda VR, et al.12.
  • Retinopathy, neuropathy, and foot care: standards of medical care in diabetes – 2022.
  • Diabetes Care.2022;45(Suppl 1):S185-S194.

PMID: 34964887. pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34964887/, Riddle MC, Ahmann AJ. Therapeutics of type 2 diabetes mellitus. In: Melmed S, Auchus, RJ, Goldfine AB, Koenig RJ, Rosen CJ, eds. Williams Textbook of Endocrinology.14th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 35.

US Preventive Services Task Force, Davidson KW, Barry MJ, Mangione CM, et al. Screening for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes: US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. JAMA.2021;326(8):736-743. PMID: 34427594 pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34427594/, Updated by: Sandeep K. Dhaliwal, MD, board-certified in Diabetes, Endocrinology, and Metabolism, Springfield, VA.

Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

Are you disabled if you have diabetes?

The short answer is “Yes.”

Under most laws, diabetes is a protected as a disability. Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are protected as disabilities. People with diabetes can do any type of job, sport or life goal

People with diabetes of all types are protected as people with qualifying disabilities. But being protected from discrimination does not mean that diabetes has to put the brakes on life! People with diabetes are able to drive race cars, fight fires, play contact sports and generally do whatever they need to follow their dreams.

Diabetes Protections at School Diabetes as a Disability in the Workplace Diabetes and Law Enforcement Diabetes and Access to Public Places

If you are an attorney or advocate with questions about diabetes-related cases or legal questions, see Attorney Materials for detailed legal materials and memoranda.

What are the groups of diseases?

“Maladies” redirects here. For the 2012 film, see Maladies (film), “Ailment” redirects here. Not to be confused with Aliment, A disease is a particular abnormal condition that negatively affects the structure or function of all or part of an organism, and that is not immediately due to any external injury. Diseases are often known to be medical conditions that are associated with specific signs and symptoms,

A disease may be caused by external factors such as pathogens or by internal dysfunctions. For example, internal dysfunctions of the immune system can produce a variety of different diseases, including various forms of immunodeficiency, hypersensitivity, allergies and autoimmune disorders, In humans, disease is often used more broadly to refer to any condition that causes pain, dysfunction, distress, social problems, or death to the person affected, or similar problems for those in contact with the person.

In this broader sense, it sometimes includes injuries, disabilities, disorders, syndromes, infections, isolated symptoms, deviant behaviors, and atypical variations of structure and function, while in other contexts and for other purposes these may be considered distinguishable categories.

Diseases can affect people not only physically, but also mentally, as contracting and living with a disease can alter the affected person’s perspective on life. Death due to disease is called death by natural causes, There are four main types of disease: infectious diseases, deficiency diseases, hereditary diseases (including both genetic diseases and non-genetic hereditary diseases ), and physiological diseases.

Diseases can also be classified in other ways, such as communicable versus non-communicable diseases. The deadliest diseases in humans are coronary artery disease (blood flow obstruction), followed by cerebrovascular disease and lower respiratory infections,

What is a group of diseases called?

What Exactly Are Syndromes? Dr. Jones: As a clinician, I really don’t like the term “syndrome.” It kind of sounds bad and I don’t really have a choice but it makes me frustrated, and I can guess how it makes my patients feel. What’s a syndrome? Let’s talk about a few.

  • This is Dr.
  • Irtly Jones from Obstetrics and Gynecology at University of Utah Health and this is The Scope.
  • Announcer: Covering all aspects of women’s health, this is the Seven Domains of Women’s Health with Dr.
  • Irtly Jones on The Scope. Dr.
  • Jones: So what is a disease? Webster’s Dictionary said that a disease is a condition of the living animal or plant body or one of its parts that impairs normal functioning and is typically manifested by distinguishing signs and symptoms.

The last is the important part. Disease is typically manifested by distinguishing signs and symptoms. A disease usually has a defined or understood cause, process, and treatment. I like working with diseases. Well, I like working with something I think I understand and have a treatment that usually works.

Take strep throat. Pick appendicitis. Pick cholera. Even take diabetes. I can define it by its symptoms, its signs and its labs. And even if the treatment is hard or doesn’t always work, the patient and I can usually grab hold of the disease diagnosis and deal with it. Medicine is pretty good with a lot of diseases.

Okay. What does the word “syndrome” mean? Well, Webster’s Dictionary defines a syndrome as a group of signs and symptoms that occur together and characterize a particular abnormality or condition. Another definition is a set of concurrent things, such as emotions or actions, that form an identifiable pattern.

It comes from the Greek words meaning running together. Symptoms running together. That doesn’t really help me or my patient understand what might be the underlying causes, and what might be specific treatments. So what are a few syndromes? Sin. That’s a bad word, sin, so syndrome, I don’t like it. For instance, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, all of which are more common in women, and in the case of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, only occur in women.

Syndromes are defined by a group of signs or symptoms. And you may not have to have all of them, but you might have two from one group and one from the other to have a syndrome. It is not a disease. Some women with a syndrome aren’t really very ill. And there is no clearly understood process that pulls all the patients together into a group that has a single cause and a defined cure.

  1. See why my patients and I are frustrated? Sometimes a syndrome is a bunch of symptoms that we aren’t smart enough yet to understand, and the underlying specific disease process and treatment has not been figured out yet.
  2. So let’s look at these three examples of syndromes in women.
  3. Irritable Bowel Syndrome, more common in women than men and we don’t know why.
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We don’t know the cause and we’re not really sure of the symptoms. Some women have diarrhea. Some women have constipation. Some have both, and some just have bloating and belly discomfort. But if you have to have some symptoms to run with the Irritable Bowel Syndrome, so you’ve got to have some kind of bowel symptom.

  • We don’t have a good cause and we don’t have a good cure and we don’t have a very good treatment.
  • Now, the thing about IBS is that there are some diseases that run with the syndrome.
  • Crohn’s Disease, chronic diarrhea from infectious agents like worms or parasites like giardia, and when you have a syndrome you and your clinician need to rule out specific diseases that run with the syndrome, specific diseases with specific causes and specific treatments.

How about Chronic Fatigue Syndrome? Again, more common in women than men. This condition includes a number of debilitating symptoms of fatigue, dizziness, mental confusion, and a number of other symptoms. Recently, it’s been given a new name that’s confusing to non-clinicians but perhaps better describes the symptoms, myalgic encephelomyelitis.

  • Hear what I mean by it’s confusing? Currently, there are no tests and no specific treatments because, so far, this is a syndrome.
  • However, some women with symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome have a specific underlying disease.
  • They may have viral encephalitis.
  • They may have underlying bacterial infection.

They may even have cancer, and as with other syndromes we have to make sure to rule out specific diseases that have specific causes and treatments. Now, let’s get to Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. That syndrome is only in women. It’s my favorite or perhaps my least favorite because I’m a reproductive endocrinologist, and I’ve seen this syndrome more than any other.

  1. What PCOS is and what it runs with depends on what group of experts are picking the signs and symptoms.
  2. Once, a woman had to have all three things – irregular periods, enlarged ovaries with lots of tiny cysts, and evidence of extra male hormones.
  3. We didn’t have one disease process that caused these problems, and it was associated with obesity, infertility, increased risk of uterine cancer, diabetes, heart disease.

But many women weren’t obese, infertile, didn’t get cancer, didn’t get heart disease, and didn’t get diabetes. With the older criteria, about 1 in 20 women had this syndrome. The newer criteria were developed suggested women only needed to have two of the following, irregular periods, lots of little cysts which were actually egg cysts, and extra male hormones.

  1. Well, just the first two mean that nearly all adolescents could be diagnosed with PCOS, lots of eggs and irregular periods.
  2. If teens were given the diagnosis of PCOS, they Googled it and read that they were at risk for obesity, infertility, diabetes, cancer, heart disease, and depression.
  3. And for sure, the last happened because reading all this got them depressed.

But a lot of teens grew out of their irregular periods and they didn’t forget their possible diagnoses. So probably if we used the newer criteria, we’ve been over-diagnosing a lot of women with PCOS. With the newer criteria we could possibly make the diagnosis of PCOS in 1 in 5 women instead of 1 in 20.

Women with the diagnosis felt overwhelmed, and we didn’t always explain how a syndrome isn’t a disease. It isn’t a death sentence, and some women just seem to get over it. Well, we need to be careful with the diagnosis of syndromes. It’s labeling sometimes. It’s not really even a diagnosis. We need to make sure that there isn’t an underlying disease that has a specific cause and a specific treatment.

We need to be careful and to be humble with our labeling of diagnoses and syndromes, as giving women a label may make them cause to think of themselves as diseased or abnormal. We need to help them cope with their symptoms holistically, working on their emotional, physical, and social health while being careful not to over-treat their symptoms.

And we need to keep learning and pursuing research that will help us and our patients understand the causes and the best therapies. And thanks for joining us on The Scope. Announcer: Want The Scope delivered straight to your inbox? Enter your email address at thescoperadio.com and click “Sign me up” for updates of our latest episodes.

The Scope Radio is a production of University of Utah Health Sciences. : What Exactly Are Syndromes?

Is a group of metabolic disease?

Metabolic syndrome is a group of conditions that together raise your risk of coronary heart disease, diabetes, stroke, and other serious health problems. Metabolic syndrome is also called insulin resistance syndrome. You may have metabolic syndrome if you have three or more of the following conditions.

A large waistline: This is also called abdominal obesity or “having an apple shape.” Extra fat in your stomach area is a bigger risk factor for heart disease than extra fat in other parts of your body. High blood pressure : If your blood pressure rises and stays high for a long time, it can damage your heart and blood vessels. High blood pressure can also cause plaque, a waxy substance, to build up in your arteries. Plaque can cause heart and blood vessel diseases such as heart attack or stroke. High blood sugar levels : This can damage your blood vessels and raise your risk of getting blood clots, Blood clots can cause heart and blood vessel diseases. High blood triglycerides : Triglycerides are a type of fat found in your blood. High levels of triglycerides can raise your levels of LDL cholesterol, sometimes called bad cholesterol. This raises your risk of heart disease. Low HDL cholesterol, sometimes called good cholesterol: Blood cholesterol levels are important for heart health. “Good” HDL cholesterol can help remove “bad” LDL cholesterol from your blood vessels. “Bad” LDL cholesterol can cause plaque buildup in your blood vessels.

Metabolic syndrome is common in the United States. About 1 in 3 adults have metabolic syndrome. The good news is that it is largely preventable. Knowing the risk factors and making healthy lifestyle changes can help you lower your chances of developing metabolic syndrome or the health problems it can cause, FACT SHEET