What Type Of Diabetes Is Insulin Dependent?

What Type Of Diabetes Is Insulin Dependent
Type 1 diabetes, once known as juvenile diabetes or insulin – dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin. Insulin is a hormone needed to allow sugar (glucose) to enter cells to produce energy. Different factors, including genetics and some viruses, may contribute to type 1 diabetes.
People of all ages can develop type 1 diabetes. If you have type 1 diabetes, your pancreas doesn’t make insulin or makes very little insulin. Insulin helps blood sugar enter the cells in your body for use as energy. Without insulin, blood sugar can’t get into cells and builds up in the bloodstream.

  • High blood sugar is damaging to the body and causes many of the symptoms and complications of diabetes.
  • Type 1 diabetes was once called insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes.
  • It usually develops in children, teens, and young adults, but it can happen at any age.
  • Type 1 diabetes is less common than type 2 —about 5-10% of people with diabetes have type 1.

Currently, no one knows how to prevent type 1 diabetes, but it can be treated successfully by:

Following your doctor’s recommendations for living a healthy lifestyle. Managing your blood sugar. Getting regular health checkups. Getting diabetes self-management education and support,

If your child has type 1 diabetes—especially a young child—you’ll handle diabetes care on a day-to-day basis. Daily care will include serving healthy foods, giving insulin injections, and watching for and treating hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). You’ll also need to stay in close contact with your child’s health care team.

What is insulin dependent diabetes mellitus?

Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), also known as type 1 diabetes, usually starts before 15 years of age, but can occur in adults also. Diabetes involves the pancreas gland, which is located behind the stomach ( Picture 1 ). The special cells (beta cells) of the pancreas produce a hormone called insulin. The body is made up of millions of cells. All cells need glucose (sugar) from the food we eat for energy. Just as a car can’t run without gasoline, the body can’t work without glucose. Insulin is the “key” that allows glucose to enter the cells. Without this key, glucose stays in the bloodstream and the cells can’t use it for energy.

What is type 1 diabetes mellitus?

Education – Education about diabetes, daily attention to meals, exercise, insulin and proper care of your body are all necessary to control your diabetes and continue with normal daily living. Your doctor, nurse, dietitian and other persons in the health care field will teach you all about diabetes.

What is non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus?

What Is Insulin Dependent Type 2 Diabetes? What Type Of Diabetes Is Insulin Dependent Type 2 diabetes (T2D), formerly known as adult-onset diabetes, is a form of diabetes that is characterized by high blood sugar, insulin resistance, and relative lack of insulin, Common symptoms include increased thirst, frequent urination, and unexplained weight loss,

  1. Symptoms may also include increased hunger, feeling tired, and sores that do not heal.
  2. Often symptoms come on slowly.
  3. Long-term complications from high blood sugar include heart disease, strokes, diabetic retinopathy which can result in blindness, kidney failure, and poor blood flow in the limbs which may lead to amputations,

The sudden onset of hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state may occur; however, ketoacidosis is uncommon. Universal blue circle symbol for diabetes Maintaining normal weight, exercising, eating properly Type2 diabetes primarily occurs as a result of obesity and lack of exercise.

  • Some people are more genetically at risk than others.
  • Type 2 diabetes makes up about 90% of cases of diabetes, with the other 10% due primarily to type 1 diabetes and gestational diabetes,
  • In type 1 diabetes there is a lower total level of insulin to control blood glucose, due to an autoimmune induced loss of insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas,

Diagnosis of diabetes is by blood tests such as fasting plasma glucose, oral glucose tolerance test, or glycated hemoglobin (A1C). Type2 diabetes is partly preventable by staying a normal weight, exercising regularly, and eating properly. Treatment involves exercise and dietary changes, Author: Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD, FACP; Chief Editor: George T Griffing, MD more. Type 2 diabetes mellitus consists of an array of dysfunctions characterized by hyperglycemia and resulting from the combination of resistance to insulin action, inadequate insulin secretion, and excessive or inappropriate glucagon secretion. See the image below. Simplified scheme for the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus. See Clinical Findings in Diabetes Mellitus, a Critical Images slideshow, to help identify various cutaneous, ophthalmologic, vascular, and neurologic manifestations of DM. Many patients with type 2 diabetes are asymptomatic. Clinical manifestations include the following: Classic symptoms: Polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia, and weight loss Diagnostic criteria by the American Diabetes Association (ADA) include the following : A fasting plasma glucose (FPG) level of 126 mg/dL (7.0 mmol/L) or higher, or A 2-hour plasma glucose level of 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) or higher during a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), or A random plasma glucose of 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) or higher in a patient with classic symptoms of hyperglycemia or hyperglycemic crisis Whether a hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level of 6.5% or higher should be a primary diagnostic criterion or an optional criterion remains a point of controversy. Indications for diabetes screening in asymptomatic adults includes the following : Overweight and 1 or more other risk factors for diabetes (eg, first-degree relative with diabetes, BP >140/90 mm Hg, and HDL 250 mg/dL) ADA recommends screening at age 45 years in the absence of the above criteria Microvascular (ie, eye and kidney disease) risk reduction through control of glycemia and blood pressure Macrovas What Type Of Diabetes Is Insulin Dependent A pervasive myth suggests that people with type 2 diabetes can develop type 1 diabetes when they take insulin. This is not true. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes have many features in common, including problems managing blood glucose levels. But the two conditions are distinct, and one does not transform into the other over time.

  • In this article, we look at the differences between the two types of diabetes and why they do not change.
  • Though people with diabetes all have blood sugar issues, type 1 and 2 are quite different disorders.
  • Although they cause similar symptoms, type 1 and type 2 diabetes are different disorders.
  • Type 1 diabetes, sometimes called juvenile diabetes, is typically diagnosed in childhood or early adulthood.

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease, which means the body attacks its own healthy cells. This process prevents the pancreas from making insulin, the hormone that helps the body control its blood glucose levels. People with type 1 diabetes must take artificial insulin for the rest of their lives.

  • Lifestyle changes will not reverse juvenile diabetes.
  • Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes.
  • Typically diagnosed in adulthood, this form of diabetes interferes with the bodys ability to produce and use insulin.
  • Unlike juvenile diabetes, lifestyle factors, such as inactivity or obesity, can increase the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes.

In some cases, the symptoms of type 2 diabetes may be controlled with lifestyle changes, including losing weight, eating a healthful diet, and exercising regularly. Like other autoimmune disorders, researchers do not understand what causes type 1 diabetes. What Type Of Diabetes Is Insulin Dependent Type 2 diabetes (also called type 2 diabetes mellitus) is more common than type 1 diabetes. Around 90 to 95 percent of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National 2014 Diabetes Statistics Report, 29.1 million Americans, or 9.3% of the US population have diabetes.

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This number reflects the 21 million who are currently diagnosed and another 8.1 million who do not even know they have diabetes. There are several key differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes. The most important difference is in the hormone insulin. Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas that allows your body to use sugar (glucose) from carbohydrates in the food that you eat for energy or to store glucose for future use.

Insulin helps keeps your blood sugar level from getting too high (hyperglycemia) or too low (hypoglycemia). People with type 1 diabetes don’t produce insulin at all. People with type 2 diabetes still produce insulin, however the cells in the muscles, liver and fat tissue are inefficient at absorbing the insulin and regulating glucose.

  • As a result, the body tries to compensate by having the pancreas pump out more insulin.
  • But eventually the pancreas slowly loses the ability to produce enough insulin, and as a result the cells don’t get the energy they need.
  • Type 2 diabetes is a progressive condition, meaning that the longer someone has it, the more “help” they will need to manage blood glucose levels.

This will require more medications and eventually, injected insulin will be needed. People with type 2 diabetes produce insulin, but their bodies don’t use it correctly; this is referred to as being insulin resistant. People with type 2 diabetes may also be unable to produce enough insulin to handle the gluco What Type Of Diabetes Is Insulin Dependent There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. Both types of diabetes are chronic diseases that affect the way your body regulates blood sugar, or glucose. Glucose is the fuel that feeds your body’s cells, but to enter your cells it needs a key.

  1. Insulin is that key.
  2. People with type 1 diabetes don’t produce insulin.
  3. You can think of it as not having a key.
  4. People with type 2 diabetes don’t respond to insulin as well as they should and later in the disease often don’t make enough insulin.
  5. You can think of this as having a broken key.
  6. Both types of diabetes can lead to chronically high blood sugar levels.

That increases the risk of diabetes complications. Both types of diabetes, if not controlled, share many similar symptoms, including: frequent urination feeling very thirsty and drinking a lot feeling very hungry feeling very fatigued blurry vision cuts or sores that don’t heal properly People with type 1 diabetes may also experience irritability and mood changes, and unintentionally lose weight.

People with type 2 diabetes may also have numbness and tingling in their hands or feet. Although many of the symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are similar, they present in very different ways. Many people with type 2 diabetes won’t have symptoms for many years. Then often the symptoms of type 2 diabetes develop slowly over the course of time.

Some people with type 2 diabetes have no symptoms at all and don’t discover their condition until complications develop. The symptoms of type 1 diabetes develop fast, typically over the course of several weeks. Type 1 diabetes, which was once known as juvenile diabetes, usually develops in childhood or adolescence. Non-insulin-dependent (type II) diabetes mellitus. Lawson Diabetes Centre, St. Joseph’s Health Centre, London, Ont. Non-insulin-dependent (type II) diabetes mellitus is an inherited metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia with resistance to ketosis.

  1. The onset is usually after age 40 years.
  2. Patients are variably symptomatic and frequently obese, hyperlipidemic and hypertensive.
  3. Clinical, pathological and biochemical evidence suggests that the disease is caused by a combined defect of insulin secretion and insulin resistance.
  4. Goals in the treatment of hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia and hypertension should be appropriate to the patient’s age, the status of diabetic complications and the safety of the regimen.

Nonpharmacologic management includes meal planning to achieve a suitable weight, such that carbohydrates supply 50% to 60% of the daily energy intake, with limitation of saturated fats, cholesterol and salt when indicated, and physical activity appropriate to the patient’s age and cardiovascular status.

Follow-up should include regular visits with the physician, access to diabetes education, self-monitoring of the blood or urine glucose level and laboratory-based measurement of the plasma levels of glucose and glycated hemoglobin. If unacceptably high plasma glucose levels (e.g., 8 mmol/L or more before meals) persist the use of orally given hypoglycemic agents (a sulfonylurea agent or metformin or both) is indicated.

Temporary insulin therapy may be needed during intercurrent illness, surgery or pregnancy. Long-term insulin therapy is recommended in patients with continuing symptoms or hyperglycemia despite treatment with diet modification and orally given hypoglycemic agents. What Type Of Diabetes Is Insulin Dependent font size A A A 1 2 3 4 5 Next What is Type 2 Diabetes? The most common form of diabetes is type 2 diabetes, formerly called non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus or “adult onset” diabetes, so-called because it typically develops in adults over age 35, though it can develop at any age.

  • Type 2 diabetes is diagnosed more often in people who are overweight or obese, and who are not physically active.
  • Type 2 diabetes is an illness in which the body does not process ingested sugars (glucose) properly.
  • In type 2, the body usually produces some insulin, but not enough to allow the glucose into the cells for the body to use as energy.

In addition, there can be insulin resistance, where it becomes difficult for the body to use the insulin produced. Type 2 diabetes is seen both in men and in women, though men have a slightly higher incidence of developing the disease. It can also be diagnosed in children, even though typically it is seen in adults.

  1. What Causes Type 2 Diabetes? Several factors can cause type 2 diabetes, such as insulin resistance, heredity, being obese or overweight, lack of physical activity, abnormal glucose production by the liver, metabolic syndrome, problems with cell signaling, and beta cell dysfunction.
  2. Insulin resistance is a condition where the body still produces insulin but is unable to use it properly.

It is more commonly seen in people who are overweight or obese, and lead a sedentary lifestyle. This leads to a buildup of glucose (sugar) in the blood, which can result in prediabetes or diabetes. Certain genes that affect insulin production rather than insulin resistance are a risk factor for developing type 2 diabetes. Diabetes: Differences Between Type 1 and 2 Diabetes: Differences Between Type 1 and 2 In general, people with diabetes either have a total lack of insulin (type 1 diabetes) or they have too little insulin or cannot use insulin effectively (type 2 diabetes).

Type 1 diabetes (formerly called juvenile-onset or insulin-dependent diabetes), accounts for 5 to 10 out of 100 people who have diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the body’s immune system destroys the cells that release insulin, eventually eliminating insulin production from the body. Without insulin, cells cannot absorb sugar (glucose), which they need to produce energy.

Type 2 diabetes (formerly called adult-onset or noninsulin-dependent diabetes) can develop at any age. It most commonly becomes apparent during adulthood. But type 2 diabetes in children is rising. Type 2 diabetes accounts for the vast majority of people who have diabetes90 to 95 out of 100 people.

  • In type 2 diabetes, the body isn’t able to use insulin the right way.
  • This is called insulin resistance.
  • As type 2 diabetes gets worse, the pancreas may make less and less insulin.
  • This is called insulin deficiency.
  • Differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes Symptoms usually start in childhood or young adulthood.
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People often seek medical help, because they are seriously ill from sudden symptoms of high blood sugar. The person may not have symptoms before diagnosis. Usually the disease is discovered in adulthood, but an increasing number of children are being diagnosed with the disease. Print Overview Type 2 diabetes, once known as adult-onset or noninsulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition that affects the way your body metabolizes sugar (glucose), your body’s important source of fuel. With type 2 diabetes, your body either resists the effects of insulin — a hormone that regulates the movement of sugar into your cells — or doesn’t produce enough insulin to maintain a normal glucose level.

  1. More common in adults, type 2 diabetes increasingly affects children as childhood obesity increases.
  2. There’s no cure for type 2 diabetes, but you may be able to manage the condition by eating well, exercising and maintaining a healthy weight.
  3. If diet and exercise aren’t enough to manage your blood sugar well, you also may need diabetes medications or insulin therapy.

Symptoms Signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes often develop slowly. In fact, you can have type 2 diabetes for years and not know it. Look for: Increased thirst and frequent urination. Excess sugar building up in your bloodstream causes fluid to be pulled from the tissues.

This may leave you thirsty. As a result, you may drink — and urinate — more than usual. Increased hunger. Without enough insulin to move sugar into your cells, your muscles and organs become depleted of energy. This triggers intense hunger. Weight loss. Despite eating more than usual to relieve hunger, you may lose weight.

Without the ability to metabolize glucose, the body uses alternative fuels stored in muscle and fat. Calories are lost as excess glucose is released in the urine. Fatigue. If your cells are deprived of sugar, you may become tired and irritable. Blurred vision. Diabetes: Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (Type I) Diabetes: Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (Type I) Diabetes: Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (Type I) Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), also known as type 1 diabetes, usually starts before 15 years of age, but can occur in adults also.

  • Diabetes involves the pancreas gland, which is located behind the stomach (Picture 1).
  • The special cells (beta cells) of the pancreas produce a hormone called insulin.
  • The body is made up of millions of cells.
  • All cells need glucose (sugar) from the food we eat for energy.
  • Just as a car cant run without gasoline, the body cant work without glucose.

Insulin is the key that allows glucose to enter the cells. Without this key, glucose stays in the bloodstream and the cells cant use it for energy. Instead, the glucose builds up in the blood and spills over into the urine. When a person develops type 1 diabetes, the pancreas stops making insulin.

  • To help the bodys cells use the glucose, a child with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) must receive insulin by injection (shot).
  • The cause of diabetes is not known.
  • Some experts believe diabetes is inherited (runs in families), but the genetics are not clearly understood.
  • Diabetes does not always run in families.

The body mistakes the cells that produce insulin for foreign cells. The body then destroys these cells. This is called an auto-immune process. Although something in the environment may trigger the disease, there are no known ways to prevent type 1 diabetes in children.

  • People do not outgrow type 1 diabetes, but they can learn to control it by insulin shots, blood glucose testing, diet and exercise.
  • About 14.6 million Americans have diabetes.
  • About 1 out of 10 people with diabetes have type 1 DM.
  • Another type of diabetes is Diabetes type 1 and type 2 definition and facts Diabetes is a chronic condition associated with abnormally high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood.

Insulin produced by the pancreas lowers blood glucose. Absence or insufficient production of insulin, or an inability of the body to properly use insulin causes diabetes. The two types of diabetes are referred to as type 1 and type 2. Former names for these conditions were insulin-dependent and non-insulin-dependent diabetes, or juvenile onset and adult onset diabetes.

Symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes include increased urine output, excessive thirst, weight loss, hunger, fatigue, skin problems slow healing wounds, yeast infections, and tingling or numbness in the feet or toes. Some of the risk factors for getting diabetes include being overweight or obese, leading a sedentary lifestyle, a family history of diabetes, hypertension (high blood pressure), and low levels of the “good” cholesterol (HDL) and elevated levels of triglycerides in the blood.

If you think you may have prediabetes or diabetes contact a health-care professional. Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by high blood sugar (glucose) levels that result from defects in insulin secretion, or its action, or both.

Diabetes mellitus, commonly referred to as diabetes (as it will be in this article) was first identified as a disease associated with “sweet urine,” and excessive muscle loss in the ancient world. Elevated levels of blood glucose (hyperglycemia) lead to spillage of glucose into the urine, hence the term sweet urine.

Normally, blood glucose levels are tightly controlled by insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas. Insulin lowers the blood glucose level. When the blood glucose elevates (for example, after eating food Diabetes mellitus (or diabetes) is a chronic, lifelong condition that affects your body’s ability to use the energy found in food.

There are three major types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes. All types of diabetes mellitus have something in common. Normally, your body breaks down the sugars and carbohydrates you eat into a special sugar called glucose. Glucose fuels the cells in your body. But the cells need insulin, a hormone, in your bloodstream in order to take in the glucose and use it for energy.

With diabetes mellitus, either your body doesn’t make enough insulin, it can’t use the insulin it does produce, or a combination of both. Since the cells can’t take in the glucose, it builds up in your blood. High levels of blood glucose can damage the tiny blood vessels in your kidneys, heart, eyes, or nervous system.

That’s why diabetes – especially if left untreated – can eventually cause heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, blindness, and nerve damage to nerves in the feet. Type 1 diabetes is also called insulin-dependent diabetes. It used to be called juvenile-onset diabetes, because it often begins in childhood.

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition. It’s caused by the body attacking its own pancreas with antibodies. In people with type 1 diabetes, the damaged pancreas doesn’t make insulin. This type of diabetes may be caused by a genetic predisposition. It could also be the result of faulty beta cells in the pancreas that normally produce insulin.

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A number of medical risks are associated with type 1 diabetes. Many of them stem from damage to the tiny blood vessels in your eyes (called diabetic retinopathy), nerves (diabetic neuropathy), and kidneys (diabetic nephropathy). Even more serious is the increased risk of hea tingling or numbness in the hands or feet In some cases, there are no symptoms this happens at times with type 2 diabetes.

In this case, people can live for months, even years without knowing they have the disease. This form of diabetes comes on so gradually that symptoms may not even be recognized. Diabetes can occur in anyone. However, people who have close relatives with the disease are somewhat more likely to develop it.

  • Other risk factors include obesity, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and physical inactivity.
  • The risk of developing diabetes also increases as people grow older.
  • People who are over 40 and overweight are more likely to develop diabetes, although the incidence of type 2 diabetes in adolescents is growing.

Diabetes is more common among Native Americans, African Americans, Hispanic Americans and Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders. Also, people who develop diabetes while pregnant (a condition called gestational diabetes) are more likely to develop full-blown diabetes later in life.

There are certain things that everyone who has diabetes, whether type 1 or type 2, needs to do to be healthy. They need to have a meal (eating) plan. They need to pay attention to how much physical activity they engage in, because physical activity can help the body use insulin better so it can convert glucose into energy for cells.Everyone with type 1 diabetes, and some people with type 2 diabetes, also need to take insulin injections.

Some people with type 2 diabetes take pills called “oral agents” which help their bodies produce more insulin and/or use the insulin it is producing better.Some people with type 2 diabetes can manage their disease without medication by appropriate meal planning and adequate physical activity.

Everyone who has diabetes should be seen at 0 0 Type 2 diabetes has been described as a growing epidemic, a pandemic, and the largest healthcare crisis facing the world, especially the subset of Type 2 diabetes found in children and young adults. The growth is all the more startling when you consider that just a few decades ago, Type 2 diabetes was considered a disease for the elderly – something that you only got as you were descending the slope from middle age.

In fact, it was so rare for children and young adults to get Type 2 diabetes, that Type 1 diabetes picked up the name “juvenile diabetes”. In the last 20 years, however, we’ve seen a disturbing trend of soaring Type 2 diabetes in young adults. Even worse, a higher and higher percentage of these new Type 2 diabetes cases are requiring insulin injections – something that was not seen in any but the most unmanageable Type 2 diabetes cases in the past.

So what has changed, and what can we expect to see in the future? And why is insulin starting to play such a major role in Type 2 diabetes treatment? A Growing Concern The latest numbers report that the UK health system diagnoses 300 new cases of Type 2 diabetes in children under 16 annually. In the US, the most often-seen number is 4000 new cases of Type 2 diabetes in those under 20.

While those numbers might not seem huge compared to the population in those countries, 62.74 million and 313.9 million respectively, they represent a huge growth over the number of new cases diagnosed even a decade ago, and researchers warn that the trend for new cases per year is going up.

How does type 1 diabetes mellitus affect the body?

Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), also known as type 1 diabetes, usually starts before 15 years of age, but can occur in adults also. Diabetes involves the pancreas gland, which is located behind the stomach ( Picture 1 ). The special cells (beta cells) of the pancreas produce a hormone called insulin. The body is made up of millions of cells. All cells need glucose (sugar) from the food we eat for energy. Just as a car can’t run without gasoline, the body can’t work without glucose. Insulin is the “key” that allows glucose to enter the cells. Without this key, glucose stays in the bloodstream and the cells can’t use it for energy.

What is the life expectancy of someone with diabetes?

Diabetes Life Expectancy – The lifespan of diabetic patients can decrease by 10 to 15 years, according to a report titled ‘Diabetes in the UK 2010 – Key Statistics on Diabetes’. However, the improvements made in diabetic care since then mean that diabetic patients today can live a significantly longer life, with proper T2D management. diabetes life expectancy – Live longer with diabetes when you monitor blood sugar regularly The average life expectancy of a type 2 diabetic patient is between 77 to 81 years. However, it is not uncommon for diabetics to live past the age of 85, should they be able to maintain good blood sugar levels and lengthen their lifespan.

Bear in mind that the age at which T2D is diagnosed and the combination of risk factors also play a major role here. The United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS) Outcomes Model is a computer simulation model that forecasts the first likely occurrence of major diabetes-related complications, and death, in patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes (8),

According to UKPDS: If you are a 55-year-old man diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, five years post-diagnosis, your life expectancy can vary between: 13.2 years for a patient who –

Smokes Has systolic blood pressure (SBP) of 180 mmHg A total/HDL cholesterol ratio of 8 An HbA1c of 10%

AND 21.1 years for –

A non-smoker With SBP of 120 mmHg A total/HDL cholesterol ratio of 4 An HbA1c of 6%

What is the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes?

  • Causes: Type 1 and type 2 diabetes have different causes,but they both involve insulin.
  • Risk Factors: Risk factors differ quite significantly for type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
  • Symptoms: A person with diabetes may experience symptoms due to elevated blood sugar levels.
  • Diagnosis: Tests used to diagnose type 1 and type 2 diabetes are similar.

What are the 4 types of diabetes?

Types of Diabetes. There are three main types of diabetes : type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes ( diabetes while pregnant). Type 1 Diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is thought to be caused by an autoimmune reaction (the body attacks itself by mistake) that stops your body from making insulin. Approximately 5-10% of the people who have diabetes have

Is insulin bad for diabetes?

Insulin can cause dangerously low blood sugar. blood-sugar-low. Credit: Getty Images. Okay this one is possible, but not likely. People with type 2 diabetes tend to be at lower risk of