What Is Pregnancy Diabetes?

What Is Pregnancy Diabetes
What Causes Gestational Diabetes? – Gestational diabetes occurs when your body can’t make enough insulin during your pregnancy. Insulin is a hormone made by your pancreas that acts like a key to let blood sugar into the cells in your body for use as energy.

  • During pregnancy, your body makes more hormones and goes through other changes, such as weight gain.
  • These changes cause your body’s cells to use insulin less effectively, a condition called insulin resistance,
  • Insulin resistance increases your body’s need for insulin.
  • All pregnant women have some insulin resistance during late pregnancy.

However, some women have insulin resistance even before they get pregnant. They start pregnancy with an increased need for insulin and are more likely to have gestational diabetes. About 50% of women with gestational diabetes go on to develop type 2 diabetes, but there are steps you can take to prevent it.

How does gestational diabetes affect your pregnancy?

How gestational diabetes can affect your pregnancy – Most women with gestational diabetes have otherwise normal pregnancies with healthy babies. However, gestational diabetes can cause problems such as:

your baby growing larger than usual – this may lead to difficulties during the delivery and increases the likelihood of needing induced labour or a caesarean section polyhydramnios – too much amniotic fluid (the fluid that surrounds the baby) in the womb, which can cause premature labour or problems at delivery premature birth – giving birth before the 37th week of pregnancy pre-eclampsia – a condition that causes high blood pressure during pregnancy and can lead to pregnancy complications if not treatedyour baby developing low blood sugar or yellowing of the skin and eyes ( jaundice ) after he or she is born, which may require treatment in hospitalthe loss of your baby ( stillbirth ) – though this is rare

Having gestational diabetes also means you’re at an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes in the future.

When does gestational diabetes show up?

Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that is first seen in a pregnant woman who did not have diabetes before she was pregnant. Some women have more than one pregnancy affected by gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes usually shows up in the middle of pregnancy.

Can a woman with gestational diabetes take insulin?

Gestational – This is a type of diabetes that is first seen in a pregnant woman who did not have diabetes before she was pregnant. Often gestational diabetes can be controlled through eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly. Sometimes a woman with gestational diabetes must also take insulin.

  • Every year, 2% to 10% of pregnancies in the United States are affected by gestational diabetes.
  • For most women with gestational diabetes, the diabetes goes away soon after delivery.
  • When it does not go away, the diabetes is called type 2 diabetes.
  • Even if the diabetes does go away after the baby is born, half of all women who had gestational diabetes develop type 2 diabetes later.

It’s important for a woman who has had gestational diabetes to continue to exercise and eat a healthy diet after pregnancy to prevent or delay getting type 2 diabetes. She should also remind her doctor to check her blood sugar every 1 to 3 years. Learn more about gestational diabetes and pregnancy »

See also:  Why Does Diabetes Cause Weight Loss?

Is hyperglycaemia a sign of gestational diabetes?

Symptoms of gestational diabetes – Gestational diabetes does not usually cause any symptoms. Most cases are only discovered when your blood sugar levels are tested during screening for gestational diabetes. Some women may develop symptoms if their blood sugar levels gets too high (hyperglycaemia), such as:

increased thirst needing to pee more often than usuala dry mouthtirednessblurred eyesightgenital itching or thrush

But some of these symptoms are common during pregnancy and are not necessarily a sign of gestational diabetes. Speak to your midwife or doctor if you’re worried about any symptoms you’re experiencing.

What do you need to know about diabetes and pregnancy?

What do I need to know about blood glucose testing before and during pregnancy? – How often you check your blood glucose levels may change during pregnancy. You may need to check them more often than you do now. If you didn’t need to check your blood glucose before pregnancy, you will probably need to start. During your pregnancy, you may need to check your blood glucose levels more often.

What should you know about diabetes during pregnancy?

  • Overview of Gestational Diabetes. Some women are likely to have high blood sugar levels.
  • Cause of GDM. What exactly causes GDM is not known.
  • Symptoms of Gestational Diabetes.
  • Problems Caused by Gestational Diabetes.
  • Prevention of Diabetes During Pregnancy.
  • References.

How will diabetes affect my pregnancy?

  • Diabetes,if left unmanaged,increases women’s risk of ovulation problems and cervical-vaginal infections.
  • It also puts expecting mothers at risk of miscarriage and stillbirth.
  • Not just that,it can impact the child too. Birth defects and neonatal complications are some of the risks diabetes in women poses.

Does diabetes effect you getting pregnant?

Gestational diabetes: How it can affect you and your baby Loading.

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  1. SALT LAKE CITY — During a pandemic, any type of pregnancy risk or complication can cause additional stress.
  2. One Utah woman who had gestational diabetes says with the right approach, both mom and baby can stay safe.
  3. Arli Valdivia gave birth to her second daughter Esty Valdivia on Sept.25, 2020.
  4. Her older daughter, Ramona, who is 3 years old, was happy to greet her little newborn sister.

“It was really cute when we brought Esty home for the first time,” said Karli. “Ramona was so excited to meet her that she was just crying.” Karli was diagnosed with during both her pregnancies. Unlike Type 1 or 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes only occurs during pregnancy when pregnancy hormones affect how the body processes glucose or sugar.

“When you’re pregnant, your body changes the distribution of oxygen and nutrients and one of those is glucose,” Intermountain Healthcare’s Emily Hart Hayes, a certified nurse midwife and women’s health nurse practitioner, explained. “In gestational diabetes, it’s almost like an overshoot. It’s a mechanism that was meant to be useful and has gone overboard.” The reports it happens in between 2-10% of pregnancies.

The first time she was diagnosed, Valdivia admits she was nervous. She didn’t know anyone else who had also gestational diabetes until she opened up about her experience online. “I found a few friends that ended up having gestational diabetes, but nobody really talks about it,” she said. Karli Valdivia and her spouse welcomed a new baby into their home last September. She was diagnosed with gestational diabetes during her first and most recent pregnancy, but through diet and exercise management, and medication she delivered healthy children.

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Photo: Courtesy of Karli Valdivia) “It was kind of just like, ‘Well, crap, now I’m pregnant and I have to deal with this too and I have to adjust to my diet. It feels like one extra thing,” she expressed. But Intermountain Healthcare offered a diabetes class through the where she learned all about the disease and how to manage it, including how to prick her finger, test her blood, and develop While the diagnosis can be concerning, Hart Hayes says with the right measures it can be controlled.

Hart Hayes said diabetes during pregnancy can increase the likelihood of having a larger birth weight than normal which can lead to delivery complications, in addition to other issues. “People who have gestational diabetes have a higher chance of developing gestational hypertension or high blood pressure disorders in pregnancy and that also includes a condition called preeclampsia, which can be really quite life-threatening for mom and baby,” she said.

  1. She said other complications include birth defects, stillbirths, respiratory distress and low blood sugar.
  2. It’s not something to be taken lightly and it’s important that we identify people because we actually can manage it pretty well with often just diet and exercise changes and sometimes people need medication.” Hart Hayes says maintaining a healthy weight, eating a balanced diet low in sugar, and getting regular exercise all help the body keep blood sugar under control.

She says exercise is especially important because it helps the body be more receptive to insulin. Karli made simple substitutions to her diet and included lots of healthy fats and proteins. “It was mostly changing how my meals looked. They ended up looking much more rounded,” she said.

“If I were to have rice with my meal, I would have half of the rice be cauliflower rice, so that was cutting down those carbs a little bit, and not having to sacrifice my whole meal — I wasn’t feeling like I’m on this super-restrictive diet.” Hart Hayes urges women with gestational diabetes to avoid super surgery foods and foods that are high in carbohydrates.

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“I think a really quick and easy rule is don’t eat white things — like white rice, white bread, chips, fries or hamburger buns. Even though they’re not sugary, they are refined carbohydrates that hit the bloodstream and spike it up,” she said. Valdivia also tried her best to stay active.

So like taking an extra walk, or making sure I take a walk every evening, or putting in the time to do 20 minutes of yoga at night,” she explained. Hart Hayes says it doesn’t have to be very intense exercise. “Even just daily moderate exercise like a 30-minute walk each evening and one in the morning, or even just once a day, can really help manage glucose levels and keep them in the normal range so we can avoid those complications that sometimes happen,” she said.

Valdivia was also diligent in monitoring her blood glucose levels and taking her medication. “You take your blood sugar four times a day. There’s the fasting blood sugar in the morning, and then an hour after each meal I just had to set myself a timer so that I would remember to take my blood sugar after I’ve had my meal,” she explained.

Although most people with gestational diabetes don’t display any symptoms, Hart Hayes said there are certain risk factors which may increase someone’s likelihood of developing the disease such as being overweight, having a family history of Type 2 diabetes, having given birth to a baby who weighed more than nine pounds, and having had gestational diabetes in a previous pregnancy.

She encourages women to get their health under control before conceiving if possible. While Hart Hayes urges mothers to do everything they can with their diet and exercise routine to stay healthy, she says there are some cases in which a woman’s genes make her more prone to developing gestational diabetes.

In those cases, she urges women to be kind to themselves. “Put away the guilt. There is no place here for guilt, right? There’s no home for that. It doesn’t serve us. It doesn’t help us,” she said. Valdivia echoes her message. “Your body is doing a huge thing by growing a human and it’s a lot of extra strength!” she said.

“I had to stop myself from worrying too much because it’s very much out of your control.” With the help of additional monitoring and screening from her doctor, Valdivia was so grateful to give birth to two healthy and happy babies. “You just love your new babies so, so much.

  • And you know, you’ll do anything to care for them and to help them in any way,” she said.
  • It’s always worth it in the end.” Hart Hayes said women do not need to be fasting before they are tested for gestational diabetes around 24-28 weeks gestation.
  • She recommends women don’t eat sugary foods before the test, though, as it might falsely elevate the result.

Instead, she suggests eating a breakfast of eggs and whole-wheat toast without honey or jam.