What Is Prediabetes? – Prediabetes is a serious health condition where blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough yet to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes. Approximately 96 million American adults—more than 1 in 3—have prediabetes. Of those with prediabetes, more than 80% don’t know they have it.
What is considered pre diabetic?
Fasting blood sugar test – A blood sample is taken after you haven’t eaten for at least eight hours or overnight (fast). Blood sugar values are expressed in milligrams of sugar per deciliter (mg/dL) or millimoles of sugar per liter (mmol/L) of blood. In general:
Less than 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L ) is normal 100 to 125 mg/dL (5.6 to 6.9 mmol/L ) is diagnosed as prediabetes 126 mg/dL (7.0 mmol/L ) or higher on two separate tests is diagnosed as diabetes
Can pre diabetes turn into diabetes?
About Prediabetes & Type 2 Diabetes There are 96 million American adults who have prediabetes – that’s 1 in 3 adults! Of those 96 million, more than 8 in 10 of them don’t even know they have it. Without taking action, many people with prediabetes could develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years.
- With numbers like that, it’s important to learn about prediabetes and take action.
- Take our to find out if you are at risk for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes.
- A print version of the is also available.
- Having prediabetes means your blood glucose (sugar) levels are higher than normal—but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes.
Prediabetes can lead to heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes, the most common form of diabetes. Prediabetes can often be reversed. With type 2 diabetes, your body cannot properly use insulin (a hormone that helps glucose get into the cells of the body). You can get type 2 diabetes at any age, but you are at higher risk if you are older, overweight, have a family history of diabetes, are not physically active, or are a woman who had gestational diabetes.
- Gestational diabetes is a kind of diabetes that some women get when they are pregnant.
- Even if a woman’s blood sugar levels go down after her baby is born, she is at higher risk of getting type 2 diabetes later in life.
- With type 1 diabetes, your body cannot make insulin, so you need to take insulin every day.
Type 1 diabetes is less common than type 2; approximately 5-10% of the people who have diabetes have type 1. Currently, no one knows how to prevent type 1 diabetes. If you want to learn more about the basics of diabetes and prediabetes, you can visit,
You are overweight. You are 45 years of age or older. Your parent or sibling has type 2 diabetes. You are physically active fewer than 3 times per week. You ever gave birth to a baby that weighed more than 9 pounds. You ever had diabetes while pregnant (gestational diabetes).
Race and ethnicity also affect your risk. African Americans, Hispanic/Latino Americans, American Indians, Pacific Islanders, and some Asian Americans are at particularly high risk for type 2 diabetes. Following are the percentage of people in the United States with diagnosed diabetes from 2018 to 2019:
Non-Hispanic Blacks – 12.1% Hispanics – 11.8% Non-Hispanic Asians – 9.5% Non-Hispanic Whites – 7.4%
If you are at risk, talk to a health care professional about getting a blood sugar test. Diabetes Is Serious and Common Diabetes is currently the seventh leading cause of death in the United States—and studies show that deaths related to diabetes may be under-reported! Today, 1 in 10 U.S. adults has diabetes, and if trends continue, 1 in 5 will have it by 2025. An additional 96 million U.S.
Heart attack Stroke Blindness Kidney failure Loss of toes, feet, or legs
Diabetes Is Costly Type 2 diabetes affects millions of individuals and their families, workplaces, and the U.S. health care system. In 2017, the total cost of care for people with diagnosed diabetes was $327 billion, up 33% over a 5-year period. About 1 in 4 health care dollars is spent on people with diagnosed diabetes. The majority of expenses are related to hospitalizations and medications used to treat complications of diabetes. People diagnosed with diabetes incur on average $16,750 annually in medical expenses. That’s about 2.3 times the medical expenses of a person without diabetes. The need to prevent type 2 diabetes has never been greater. If you have prediabetes, a CDC-recognized lifestyle change program is one of the most effective ways to prevent getting type 2 diabetes. It can help you lose weight, become more active, and prevent or delay type 2 diabetes. To learn more, visit ? If you’re not sure if you’re at risk, take this or ask your health care professional about getting a blood sugar test. A print version of the is also available. Albright A, Gregg EW. Preventing type 2 diabetes in communities across the US: the National Diabetes Prevention Program. Am J Prev Med 2013;44(4):S346-S351. Available from Boyle JP, Thompson TJ, Gregg EW, Barker LE, Williamson DF. (2010). Projection of the year 2050 burden of diabetes in the US adult population: dynamic modeling of incidence, mortality, and prediabetes prevalence. Population Health Metrics. Available from, Knowler WC, Barrett-Conner E, Fowler SE, et al.; Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metformin. N Engl J Med 2002;346:393–403. Available from, American Diabetes Association. Economic Costs of Diabetes in the U.S. in 2017. Diabetes Care 2018;41(5):917-928. Available from : About Prediabetes & Type 2 Diabetes
How do I get my prediabetes back to normal?
2. Lose excess weight – Obesity is a major risk factor for insulin resistance, which means your body can’t properly regulate blood sugar levels. “The best way to reverse the prediabetes process and for you not to develop Type 2 diabetes is weight loss,” Dr.
- Avadhanula notes.
- As we gain more weight, our cells become more and more resistant to the effects of insulin.
- And unfortunately, insulin resistance is the first key step in developing Type 2 diabetes.” It can be discouraging to think about the long haul of trying to lose weight.
- But losing even 5% of your body weight can have a significant impact on your health, including your blood sugar.
In fact, research shows that you can reduce your risk of developing Type 2 diabetes by as much as 58% when you lose 5% to 7% of your body weight and work out at least 150 minutes per week (more on that in a minute).
Can I still have sugar if I am prediabetic?
Recommendations for Limiting Sugar – “The World Health Organization advises limiting added sugars to less than 10% of your total energy intake. For added health benefits, you would limit sugar calories to 5% or less of your total. “For example, for someone on a 2,000-calorie daily diet, if they are following the 10% guideline, they would limit sugar calories to about 50 grams, which is about 12 teaspoons.
For the 5%, they would stick to 25 grams, or about six teaspoons. “The American Heart Association is a little more stringent, and for people at risk for heart disease, including those with prediabetes, it recommends less than six teaspoons of sugar a day for women (about 25 grams) and less than nine teaspoons (about 36 grams) a day for men.” That’s not a lot.
Seymour points out that one can of soda contains about 32 grams of sugar, which is about eight teaspoons. “We urge our patients to watch what they drink,” Seymour says, noting that sweetened beverages such as sodas, sports drinks, juices and gourmet coffee shop creations account for some of the biggest concentrated sources of added sugar.
Does prediabetes need medication?
When You Need Medication – While lifestyle changes can work wonders, some people with prediabetes also need medication. Your doctor may prescribe metformin if you have certain risk factors, such as low levels of HDL (“good”) cholesterol, high triglycerides (a type of blood fat), a parent or sibling with diabetes, or are overweight,
Are eggs good for prediabetes?
– Share on Pinterest Experts recommend that people with diabetes include eggs as part of a healthful diet. Diabetes can affect the balance of LDL (bad), and HDL (good) cholesterol in the body. Having diabetes can put a person at an increased risk of heart disease,
Some people are concerned that eating eggs may raise cholesterol levels, and that this could increase the risk of heart disease. The ADA recommend that people eat less than 300 milligrams (mg) of cholesterol per day. Eggs are high in cholesterol with a large egg containing about 200 mg of cholesterol.
However, research now shows that cholesterol that is in foods has little effect on raising overall cholesterol levels in the body. Instead, the danger is consuming foods with high saturated-fat content, which can lead to elevated cholesterol levels. These foods include cakes and cookies, bacon, candies, and processed snacks, for example.
A study from 2018 suggests that regularly eating eggs could improve fasting blood glucose in people with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes, The researchers here suggest that eating one egg per day could reduce a person’s risk of diabetes. Research from 2015 suggests that people with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes do not experience a negative change in lipid profile after eating a high-egg diet.
The authors suggest that eating a diet high in eggs is healthful for people with diabetes.
Will prediabetes cause weight gain?
New research has revealed that having a preference for evening activities, going to bed late, and not getting enough sleep may lead to weight gain among people with prediabetes. Prediabetes affects around 84 million people in the United States. That is, 1 in 3 U.S.
- Individuals are living with the condition, and 90 percent of them are not aware that they have it.
- In prediabetes, blood sugar levels are higher than what is considered normal, but not high enough to warrant a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes,
- Prediabetes is a serious condition in its own right, putting people at risk of not only type 2 diabetes, but also stroke and heart disease,
Insufficient sleep or a disrupted sleep pattern are also known risk factors for obesity and diabetes, Previous research has suggested that being a “night owl,” or having a preference for activities in the evening and going to bed late, raises the risk of being overweight, as well as having type 2 diabetes and dying prematurely,
So, researchers led by Dr. Sirimon Reutrakul, an associate professor of endocrinology, diabetes, and metabolism in the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine, set out to examine whether being a night owl influenced body mass index ( BMI ) among people with prediabetes. BMI is a measure of body fat in relation to a person’s height and weight.
Thunyarat Anothaisintawee is the first author of the paper, which was published in the journal Frontiers in Endocrinology.
How fast does pre diabetes turn into diabetes?
Being diagnosed with prediabetes doesn’t mean you will develop diabetes. Your doctor can help you come up with an effective plan to keep your blood sugar low, so that you can keep diabetes away for good. – Prediabetes, the common precursor to diabetes, affects more than 86 million Americans, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
An estimated 90% of people with prediabetes don’t even realize they have this condition. Experts also estimate that three out of four people with prediabetes will eventually develop diabetes. The good news, however, is that once your doctor determines that your blood sugar is high enough to be classified as prediabetes (but not high enough to be diabetes), there are plenty of preventive measures you can take to stop the onset of full diabetes.
The window of opportunity to prevent or slow the progression of prediabetes to type 2 diabetes is about three to six years. Make sure you take the following steps to be on the right path to fight prediabetes and take the appropriate steps to lower your blood sugar level.