What Diabetes?

What Diabetes
With diabetes, your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t use it as well as it should. Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) health condition that affects how your body turns food into energy. Your body breaks down most of the food you eat into sugar (glucose) and releases it into your bloodstream.

  1. When your blood sugar goes up, it signals your pancreas to release insulin.
  2. Insulin acts like a key to let the blood sugar into your body’s cells for use as energy.
  3. With diabetes, your body doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t use it as well as it should.
  4. When there isn’t enough insulin or cells stop responding to insulin, too much blood sugar stays in your bloodstream.

Over time, that can cause serious health problems, such as heart disease, vision loss, and kidney disease, There isn’t a cure yet for diabetes, but losing weight, eating healthy food, and being active can really help. Other things you can do to help:

Take medicine as prescribed. Get diabetes self-management education and support. Make and keep health care appointments.

More than 37 million US adults have diabetes, and 1 in 5 of them don’t know they have it. Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States. Diabetes is the No.1 cause of kidney failure, lower-limb amputations, and adult blindness. In the last 20 years, the number of adults diagnosed with diabetes has more than doubled,

How do u know if u are diabetic?

– Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in childhood. Early symptoms often include unintentional weight loss, bedwetting, and flu-like symptoms. Type 2 diabetes is more likely to be diagnosed in adulthood. Early symptoms can include extreme thirst, frequent urination, and slow wound healing.

  1. Often, symptoms of untreated diabetes get worse and are either mild or unnoticeable in the early stages.
  2. A diabetes diagnosis can be confirmed with one or more blood tests.
  3. Talk with your doctor if you believe you have diabetes.
  4. Getting on top of your condition and managing it effectively is key to controlling your symptoms and preventing more serious health problems.

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What are the 4 types of diabetes?

Diabetes mellitus, more commonly known as simply diabetes, is a chronic disease that happens when your body can’t properly process blood sugar (glucose). There are several different types of diabetes, and they have different causes. But with all types, your glucose can get too high.

  1. When you eat, your body breaks most of your food down into glucose.
  2. The glucose is then sent into your bloodstream to fuel the cells in your body with energy, including your brain.
  3. This triggers your pancreas to release a hormone called insulin, which helps the glucose enter your cells.
  4. If you have diabetes, your pancreas either doesn’t make enough (or any) insulin or your body’s cells don’t use the insulin the way they’re supposed to.

This leads to high levels of glucose in your blood, which causes symptoms. What Diabetes There are four main types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, gestational diabetes, and prediabetes.

What is type 1 or type 2 diabetes?

Type 1 vs. Type 2 diabetes: What’s the difference? – Type 2 diabetes is not the same as Type 1 diabetes. In Type 1 diabetes, your pancreas doesn’t make any insulin. In Type 2, your pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin, and the insulin it is making doesn’t always work as it should.

Can diabetes go away?

Here’s how healthier habits may help some people reverse or better manage the disease. – Diabetes is a very common but serious medical condition. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than 34 million Americans have it, with about 90-95% of them having type 2 diabetes. About 88 million people have prediabetes, a precursor to type 2 diabetes.

There is no cure for type 2 diabetes. But it may be possible to reverse the condition to a point where you do not need medication to manage it and your body does not suffer ill effects from having blood sugar levels that are too high. Making positive lifestyle changes such as eating a well-balanced diet, exercising regularly and getting down to a healthy weight (and maintaining it) are the key to possibly reversing or managing type 2 diabetes.

Other lifestyle changes may also help, including not smoking, getting enough sleep, limiting alcohol and managing stress. However, for some people this is still not enough and medication is needed to manage the condition.

How long can u have diabetes without knowing?

When to see a doctor – Visit your GP as soon as possible if you experience the main symptoms of diabetes, which include:

feeling very thirsty peeing more frequently than usual, particularly at nightfeeling very tiredweight loss and loss of muscle bulkitching around the penis or vagina, or frequent episodes of thrush cuts or wounds that heal slowlyblurred vision

Type 1 diabetes can develop quickly over weeks or even days. Many people have type 2 diabetes for years without realising because the early symptoms tend to be general.

Can diabetes start suddenly?

Can symptoms appear suddenly? – In people with type 1 diabetes, the onset of symptoms can be very sudden, while in type 2 diabetes, they tend to come about more gradually, and sometimes there are no signs at all. Symptoms sometimes occur after a viral illness.

  1. In some cases, a person may reach the point of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) before a type 1 diagnosis is made.
  2. DKA occurs when blood glucose (blood sugar) is dangerously high and the body can’t get nutrients into the cells because of the absence of insulin.
  3. The body then breaks down muscle and fat for energy, causing an accumulation of ketones in the blood and urine.
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Symptoms of DKA include a fruity odor on the breath, heavy, taxed breathing and vomiting. If left untreated, DKA can result in stupor, unconsciousness, and even death. People who have symptoms—of type 1 or of DKA—should contact their health care provider immediately for an accurate diagnosis.

  • Eep in mind that these symptoms could signal other problems, too.
  • Some people with type 1 have a “honeymoon” period, a brief remission of symptoms while the pancreas is still secreting some insulin.
  • The honeymoon phase usually occurs after someone has started taking insulin.
  • A honeymoon can last as little as a week or even up to a year.

But it’s important to know that the absence of symptoms doesn’t mean the diabetes is gone. The pancreas will eventually be unable to secrete insulin, and, if untreated, the symptoms will return.

Which type of diabetes is most serious?

Is one type of diabetes worse than the other? No. People with either type of diabetes are at risk for cardiac events if the condition is not well managed, as well as for other complications including eye disease and blood vessel damage.

What is the first stage of diabetes?

Stage 1 – This stage, defined as insulin resistance, is where muscle, fat, and liver cells become resistant to insulin and have trouble bringing glucose into the cell. But the pancreas compensates for this by producing more insulin, which helps keep blood sugar levels within normal range.

Can type 1 diabetes be cured?

Can Type 1 Diabetes Be Cured? – Currently, there isn’t a cure for type 1 diabetes. However, what we know about the condition is constantly evolving, new technologies and medicines are being developed, and researchers are making important breakthroughs. Right now, people of all ages are leading full, healthy lives with type 1 diabetes. You can too!

Does type 1 diabetes require insulin?

Managing Diabetes – Unlike many health conditions, diabetes is managed mostly by you, with support from your health care team:

Primary care doctor Foot doctor Dentist Eye doctor Registered dietitian nutritionist Diabetes educator Pharmacist

Also ask your family, teachers, and other important people in your life for help and support. Managing diabetes can be challenging, but everything you do to improve your health is worth it! If you have type 1 diabetes, you’ll need to take insulin shots (or wear an insulin pump) every day.

Insulin is needed to manage your blood sugar levels and give your body energy. You can’t take insulin as a pill. That’s because the acid in your stomach would destroy it before it could get into your bloodstream. Your doctor will work with you to figure out the most effective type and dosage of insulin for you.

You’ll also need to do regular blood sugar checks, Ask your doctor how often you should check it and what your target blood sugar levels should be. Keeping your blood sugar levels as close to target as possible will help you prevent or delay diabetes-related complications,

Stress is a part of life, but it can make managing diabetes harder. Both managing your blood sugar levels and dealing with daily diabetes care can be tougher to do. Regular physical activity, getting enough sleep, and exercises to relax can help. Talk to your doctor and diabetes educator about these and other ways you can manage stress.

Healthy lifestyle habits are really important too:

Making healthy food choices Being physically active Controlling your blood pressure Controlling your cholesterol

Make regular appointments with your health care team. They’ll help you stay on track with your treatment plan and offer new ideas and strategies if needed.

Do type 2 diabetics take insulin?

Most people who are newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes begin initial treatment with a combination of diet, exercise, and an oral (pill or tablet) medication. Over time, some people will need to add insulin or another injectable medication because their blood sugar levels are not well managed with oral medication.

How long can you live on diabetes?

Life expectancy can be increased by 3 years or in some cases as much as 10 years. At age 50, life expectancy- the number of years a person is expected to live- is 6 years shorter for people with type 2 diabetes than for people without it. People with type 2 diabetes can reduce their risk of complications and live longer by achieving their treatment goals.

Can a diabetic get back to normal?

We don’t call it diabetes reversal, because this might sound like it’s permanent, and there’s no guarantee that your diabetes has gone forever. – But yes, it may be possible to put your type 2 diabetes into remission, This is when your blood sugar levels are below the diabetes range and you don’t need to take diabetes medication anymore. This could be life-changing.

What diet causes diabetes?

Can diabetes be prevented or avoided? – Talk to your doctor about your risk factors for diabetes. Although you may not be able to change all of them, you can make changes to significantly lower your risk.

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Exercise and weight control. Exercising and maintaining a healthy weight can reduce your risk of diabetes. Any amount of activity is better than none. Try to exercise for 30 to 60 minutes most days of the week. Always talk with your doctor before starting an exercise program. Diet. A diet high in fat, calories, and cholesterol increases your risk of diabetes. A poor diet can lead to obesity (another risk factor for diabetes) and other health problems. A healthy diet is high in fiber and low in fat, cholesterol, salt, and sugar. Also, remember to watch your portion size. How much you eat is just as important as what you eat.

The single most important thing you can do is control your blood sugar level. You can do this by eating right, exercising, maintaining a healthy weight, and, if needed, taking oral medicines or insulin.

Diet. Your diet should include lots of complex carbohydrates (such as whole grains), fruits, and vegetables. It’s important to eat at least 3 meals per day and never skip a meal. Eat at about the same time every day. This helps keep your insulin or medicine and sugar levels steady. Avoid empty calories, such as foods high in sugar and fat, or alcohol. Exercise. Exercising helps your body use insulin and lower your blood sugar level. It also helps control your weight, gives you more energy, and is good for your overall health. Exercise also is good for your heart, your cholesterol levels, your blood pressure, and your weight. These are all factors that can affect your risk of heart attack and stroke, Talk with your doctor about starting an exercise program. Maintain a healthy weight. Losing excess weight and maintaining a healthy body weight will help you in 2 ways. First, it helps insulin work better in your body. Second, it will lower your blood pressure and decrease your risk for heart disease. Take your medicine. If your diabetes can’t be controlled with diet, exercise, and weight control, your doctor may recommend medicine or insulin. Most people who have type 2 diabetes start with an oral medicine (taken by mouth). Oral medicines can make your body produce more insulin. They also help your body use the insulin it makes more efficiently. Some people need to add insulin to their bodies with insulin injections, insulin pens, or insulin pumps. Always take medicines exactly as your doctor prescribes. Oral medicine doesn’t work for everyone. It isn’t effective in the treatment of type 1 diabetes. Insulin therapy is necessary for all people who have type 1 diabetes and for some people who have type 2 diabetes. If you need insulin, you’ll have to give yourself a shot (either with a syringe or with an insulin pen). Your doctor will tell you which kind of medicine you should take and why.

Your doctor will test your blood sugar every 3 months with an A1C test. Your doctor may ask you to test your blood sugar on your own throughout the day if you are taking insulin or they are adjusting your medication. You will need to use a blood glucose monitor to check it on your own.

This involves pricking your finger for blood and putting a test strip in the blood. Putting the test strip in the monitor gets the results. Continuous glucose monitors (CGM) are also an option to help people with diabetes measure their blood glucose around the clock If your blood sugar gets too low, you might feel tired, experience problems with muscle coordination, sweat, have difficulty thinking or speaking clearly, twitch, feel like you’re going to faint, become pale, lose consciousness, or have a seizure.

At the earliest sign of any of these symptoms, eat or drink something that will raise your blood sugar fast. This could include candy, juice, milk, or raisins. If you don’t feel better in 15 minutes or if monitoring shows that your blood sugar level is still too low, eat or drink another item to raise your blood sugar fast.

Always keep a supply of these items on hand for emergencies. You may not know if your blood sugar is too high unless you test it yourself. However, you may experience common symptoms such as frequent urination, extreme thirst, blurry vision, and feeling tired. Some factors unrelated to food can make your blood sugar high.

This includes not taking your insulin correctly, overeating at a meal, illness, having hormonal changes, and stress. If your blood sugar level is too high and you take insulin, you may need to take an extra dose of rapid- or short-acting insulin to return it to normal.

  • Your doctor can tell you how much insulin you need to take to lower your blood sugar level.
  • You can live a normal life with well-controlled diabetes.
  • However, you have to pay attention to your diet, weight, exercise, and medicine.
  • If you don’t control your diabetes, you will have too much glucose in your blood.

This can lead to serious health problems, including heart disease and damage to the nerves and kidneys. These are known as diabetic complications. Complications include:

Diabetic neuropathy (nerve damage). This makes it hard for your nerves to send messages to your brain and other parts of the body. You may lose feeling in parts of your body or have a painful, tingling, or burning feeling. Neuropathy most often affects the feet and legs. If you have neuropathy, you may not be able to feel a sore on your foot. The sore can become infected. In serious cases, the foot may have to be amputated (removed). People who have neuropathy may continue walking on a foot that has damaged joints or bones. This can lead to a condition called Charcot foot. Charcot foot causes swelling and instability in the injured foot. It can also cause the foot to become deformed. However, this problem can often be avoided. Check your feet every day. See your doctor immediately if you see swelling, redness, and feel warmth in your foot. These can be signs of Charcot foot. Your doctor should check your feet frequently, too. Neuropathy also can cause erectile dysfunction in men and vaginal dryness in women. Diabetic retinopathy (eye problems). This affects the part of your eye called the retina. It’s the part of the eye that is sensitive to light and sends messages to your brain about what you see. Diabetes can damage and weaken the small blood vessels in the retina. When the blood vessels of your retina are damaged, fluid can leak from them and cause swelling in your macula. The macula is the part of the retina that gives you sharp, clear vision. Swelling and fluid can cause blurry vision. This makes it hard for you to see. If retinopathy gets worse, it may lead to blindness. Laser surgery can often be used to treat or slow down retinopathy if found early. People who have diabetes should have an eye exam once a year. See your doctor if you have blurry vision for more than 2 days, sudden loss of vision in 1 or both eyes, black or moving gray spots often called “floaters,” flashing lights, or pain or pressure in your eyes. Diabetic nephropathy (kidney damage). This is damage to the blood vessels in your kidneys. This means your kidneys have trouble filtering out waste. Some people who have nephropathy will eventually need dialysis (a machine treatment that eliminates waste from the blood) or a kidney transplant. The risk for nephropathy is increased if you have both diabetes and high blood pressure, so it’s important to control both of these conditions. Protein in the urine is usually the first sign of nephropathy. This should be checked yearly. Heart disease and stroke. People who have diabetes are at greater risk for heart disease and stroke, The risk is even greater for people who have diabetes and smoke, have high blood pressure, have a family history of heart disease, or are overweight. Heart disease is easiest to treat when it’s caught early. It’s very important to see your doctor on a regular basis. He or she can test for early signs of heart disease. This includes checking cholesterol levels. If your cholesterol is higher than the recommended level, your doctor will talk to you about lifestyle changes and medicine to help get your cholesterol under control.

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The longer your diabetes is uncontrolled, the more damage you do to your health. That’s why treatment is important at any age. Keeping blood sugar levels very close to the ideal can minimize, delay, and in some cases even prevent the problems that diabetes can cause.

Who is at risk of diabetes?

Prediabetes – You’re at risk for prediabetes if you:

Are overweight. Are 45 years or older. Have a parent, brother, or sister with type 2 diabetes. Are physically active less than 3 times a week. Have ever had gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy) or given birth to a baby who weighed over 9 pounds. Are an African American, Hispanic or Latino, American Indian, or Alaska Native person. Some Pacific Islander and Asian American people are also at higher risk.

You can prevent or reverse prediabetes with proven lifestyle changes. These include losing weight if you’re overweight, eating a healthy diet, and getting regular physical activity, The CDC-led National Diabetes Prevention Program can help you make healthy changes that have lasting results.

Do u get diabetes from eating too much sugar?

Does sugar cause diabetes? – There are two main types of diabetes – type 1 and type 2 diabetes. We know that sugar does not cause type 1 diabetes, nor is it caused by anything else in your lifestyle. In type 1 diabetes, the insulin producing cells in your pancreas are destroyed by your immune system.

  • With type 2 diabetes, the answer is a little more complex.
  • Though we know sugar doesn’t directly cause type 2 diabetes, you are more likely to get it if you are overweight.
  • You gain weight when you take in more calories than your body needs, and sugary foods and drinks contain a lot of calories.
  • So you can see if too much sugar is making you put on weight, then you are increasing your risk of getting type 2 diabetes.

But type 2 diabetes is complex, and sugar is unlikely to be the only reason the condition develops. We also know that sugar sweetened drinks, like canned soft drinks, are associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, and this is not necessarily linked to their effect on body weight.

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