What Causes Pre Diabetes?

What Causes Pre Diabetes
Causes – The exact cause of prediabetes is unknown. But family history and genetics appear to play an important role. What is clear is that people with prediabetes don’t process sugar (glucose) properly anymore. Most of the glucose in your body comes from the food you eat.

  • When food is digested, sugar enters your bloodstream.
  • Insulin allows sugar to enter your cells — and lowers the amount of sugar in your blood.
  • Insulin is produced by a gland located behind the stomach called the pancreas.
  • Your pancreas sends insulin to your blood when you eat.
  • When your blood sugar level starts to drop, the pancreas slows down the secretion of insulin into the blood.

When you have prediabetes, this process doesn’t work as well. As a result, instead of fueling your cells, sugar builds up in your bloodstream. This can happen because:

Your pancreas may not make enough insulin Your cells become resistant to insulin and don’t allow as much sugar in

What foods cause prediabetes?

One risk factor for prediabetes is a diet high in processed foods, which have added fats, calories, and sugar without nutritional value. A diet high in red meat also heightens your risk. Eating a ‘clean’ diet, which consists of healthier choices, can help restore normal blood sugar levels.

How many years can you be prediabetic?

About Prediabetes & Type 2 Diabetes There are 96 million American adults who have prediabetes – that’s 1 in 3 adults! Of those 96 million, more than 8 in 10 of them don’t even know they have it. Without taking action, many people with prediabetes could develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years.

With numbers like that, it’s important to learn about prediabetes and take action. Take our to find out if you are at risk for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes. A print version of the is also available. Having prediabetes means your blood glucose (sugar) levels are higher than normal—but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes.

Prediabetes can lead to heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes, the most common form of diabetes. Prediabetes can often be reversed. What Causes Pre Diabetes With type 2 diabetes, your body cannot properly use insulin (a hormone that helps glucose get into the cells of the body). You can get type 2 diabetes at any age, but you are at higher risk if you are older, overweight, have a family history of diabetes, are not physically active, or are a woman who had gestational diabetes.

Gestational diabetes is a kind of diabetes that some women get when they are pregnant. Even if a woman’s blood sugar levels go down after her baby is born, she is at higher risk of getting type 2 diabetes later in life. With type 1 diabetes, your body cannot make insulin, so you need to take insulin every day.

Type 1 diabetes is less common than type 2; approximately 5-10% of the people who have diabetes have type 1. Currently, no one knows how to prevent type 1 diabetes. If you want to learn more about the basics of diabetes and prediabetes, you can visit,

You are overweight. You are 45 years of age or older. Your parent or sibling has type 2 diabetes. You are physically active fewer than 3 times per week. You ever gave birth to a baby that weighed more than 9 pounds. You ever had diabetes while pregnant (gestational diabetes).

Race and ethnicity also affect your risk. African Americans, Hispanic/Latino Americans, American Indians, Pacific Islanders, and some Asian Americans are at particularly high risk for type 2 diabetes. Following are the percentage of people in the United States with diagnosed diabetes from 2018 to 2019:

Non-Hispanic Blacks – 12.1% Hispanics – 11.8% Non-Hispanic Asians – 9.5% Non-Hispanic Whites – 7.4%

If you are at risk, talk to a health care professional about getting a blood sugar test. Diabetes Is Serious and Common Diabetes is currently the seventh leading cause of death in the United States—and studies show that deaths related to diabetes may be under-reported! Today, 1 in 10 U.S. adults has diabetes, and if trends continue, 1 in 5 will have it by 2025. An additional 96 million U.S.

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Heart attack Stroke Blindness Kidney failure Loss of toes, feet, or legs

Diabetes Is Costly Type 2 diabetes affects millions of individuals and their families, workplaces, and the U.S. health care system. In 2017, the total cost of care for people with diagnosed diabetes was $327 billion, up 33% over a 5-year period. About 1 in 4 health care dollars is spent on people with diagnosed diabetes. The majority of expenses are related to hospitalizations and medications used to treat complications of diabetes. People diagnosed with diabetes incur on average $16,750 annually in medical expenses. That’s about 2.3 times the medical expenses of a person without diabetes. The need to prevent type 2 diabetes has never been greater. If you have prediabetes, a CDC-recognized lifestyle change program is one of the most effective ways to prevent getting type 2 diabetes. It can help you lose weight, become more active, and prevent or delay type 2 diabetes. To learn more, visit ? If you’re not sure if you’re at risk, take this or ask your health care professional about getting a blood sugar test. A print version of the is also available. Albright A, Gregg EW. Preventing type 2 diabetes in communities across the US: the National Diabetes Prevention Program. Am J Prev Med 2013;44(4):S346-S351. Available from Boyle JP, Thompson TJ, Gregg EW, Barker LE, Williamson DF. (2010). Projection of the year 2050 burden of diabetes in the US adult population: dynamic modeling of incidence, mortality, and prediabetes prevalence. Population Health Metrics. Available from, Knowler WC, Barrett-Conner E, Fowler SE, et al.; Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metformin. N Engl J Med 2002;346:393–403. Available from, American Diabetes Association. Economic Costs of Diabetes in the U.S. in 2017. Diabetes Care 2018;41(5):917-928. Available from : About Prediabetes & Type 2 Diabetes

Can prediabetes happen suddenly?

Many miss prediabetes wake-up call – Harvard Health ARCHIVED CONTENT: As a service to our readers, Harvard Health Publishing provides access to our library of archived content. Please note the date each article was posted or last reviewed. No content on this site, regardless of date, should ever be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinician.

  • Type 2 diabetes doesn’t usually appear all of a sudden.
  • Many people have a long, slow, invisible lead-in to it called prediabetes.
  • During this period, blood sugar levels are higher than normal.
  • However, they’re not high enough to cause symptoms or to be classified as diabetes.
  • It’s still possible at this stage to prevent the slide into full-blown diabetes.

Think of prediabetes as a wake-up call. Unfortunately, few people ever hear the alarm. A new shows that among Americans age 20 and older, only 10% of those with prediabetes know they have it. Given that as many as, that’s a lot of missed opportunities to prevent the ravages of diabetes.

One reason many people don’t know that they may be headed toward diabetes is they’ve never had their blood sugar tested. This simple test isn’t part of routine preventive care. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends blood sugar “screening” only in individuals with high blood pressure. (Screening means hunting for hidden disease in the absence of any outward signs or symptoms.) That’s important, because recommendations from the Task Force, an independent panel of experts, are used by many health-care organizations to determine preventive care.

In addition, Task Force recommendations will help determine what services are covered under the Affordable Care Act.

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What should I avoid with prediabetes?

Prediabetes Diet Medically Reviewed by on April 26, 2021 What Causes Pre Diabetes Plant-based fiber fills you up without raising blood sugar. Vegetables are also full of nutrients. Aim for at least 3-5 servings a day. That’s ½ cup cooked or 1 cup raw. You can choose fresh, frozen, or canned. But be sure to go for the low- or no-sodium kind. What Causes Pre Diabetes These have more carbohydrates than their nonstarchy counterparts. But they have healthy nutrients, too. If you use the plate method, give them a quarter of the space. Starchy vegetables include white potatoes, sweet potatoes, corn, and winter squash like acorn or butternut. What Causes Pre Diabetes These plant-based sweets have sugar, but that doesn’t mean you should avoid them. Fruit is packed with fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Aim for two to three servings a day. That could be one small apple or ½ cup of strawberries. Ask your doctor if you should opt for low-sugar choices. What Causes Pre Diabetes Unlike refined grains, whole grains have all their original fiber and other nutrients. You can eat them for breakfast or as a side dish for lunch or dinner. They come in lots of forms, including oatmeal, brown rice, whole-wheat bread or pasta, and quinoa. What Causes Pre Diabetes Grab a handful of any kind you like. Just make sure they’re unsalted. And stick to the serving size, about an ounce. Nuts and seeds have healthy fats, but they’re also high in calories. Good choices include walnuts, pistachios, peanuts, sunflower seeds, and cashews. What Causes Pre Diabetes Try including protein with all your meals and snacks. It helps you feel full and slows how fast carbohydrates go into your bloodstream. That’s important when it comes to keeping your blood sugar steady. Sources include fatty fish and seafood, plant-based protein like beans and lentils, eggs and low-fat dairy, and lean meats. What Causes Pre Diabetes These beverages spike blood sugar because they don’t come with other nutrients – like fiber and protein – to slow down the digestion process. If you have prediabetes, it’s a good idea to limit or skip the following 100% fruit juice, soda, and sweetened coffee drinks. What Causes Pre Diabetes Read the Nutrition Facts label to see how much added sugar is in a packaged food or drink. You can use the 5-20 rule: 5% daily value (DV) or less means it’s a low source of sugar. If it’s 20% DV or higher, then you’ll want to put it back. You’ll find added sugar in lots of processed foods, such as cookies, candy, and cakes. It’s also in flavored oatmeal, ketchup, and jelly. What Causes Pre Diabetes Try to eat within 2 hours of when you wake up. That may help control your blood sugar later in the day. In general, it’s a good idea to eat when you feel hungry. That’s because you might overeat or grab something easy – and possibly less healthy – if you go a long time without food. What Causes Pre Diabetes You don’t have to figure all this out on your own. Ask your doctor to refer you to a registered dietitian nutritionist (RDN). That’s a trained professional who’ll help you make simple dietary changes based on your lifestyle. If you’re looking for a specific eating plan, a Mediterranean or plant-based (vegetarian or vegan) diet may help.

The DASH (dietary approaches to stop hypertension) diet is also an option. The GI ranks food according to how much it spikes your blood sugar. In general, experts don’t think it’s a great tool for people with prediabetes. It can be really confusing. And you might leave out foods that are healthy. Instead, it’s better to make sure your meals and snacks are a mix of carbohydrates, fats, and protein.

If you’re not sure how to do that, ask your doctor or dietitian.

IMAGES PROVIDED BY:1) zeleno / Getty Images2) gbh007 / Getty Images3) Aniko Hobel / Getty Images4) Rani Sr Prasiththi / EyeEm / Getty Images5) MajdyJaradat / 500px / Getty Images6) Virojt Changyencham / Getty Images, Amarita / Getty Images, gyro / Getty Images, Arx0nt / Getty Images7) Photo by Brian T. Evans / Getty Images8) WebMD9) MoMo Productions / Getty Images10) ronstik / Thinkstock11) Aamulya / Getty Images12) vitapix / Getty ImagesSOURCES:Jerlyn Jones, registered dietitian nutritionist; spokesperson, Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Diabetes Care : “Nutrition Therapy for Adults With Diabetes or Prediabetes: A Consensus Report.”American Diabetes Association: “Eating right doesn’t have to be boring,” “Non-starchy Vegetables,” “Get to Know Carbs,” “Fruit,” “Protein.”The Johns Hopkins Patient Guide to Diabetes: “The Truth About Starchy Vegetables.”University of Michigan: “Nutrition: Grains and Starchy Vegetables.”Mayo Clinic: “Nutrition and healthy eating – Whole grains: Hearty options for a healthy diet.”Cleveland Clinic: “Nutrition: Nuts & Heart Health,” “What to Eat If You’ve Been Diagnosed With Prediabetes.” The Journal of Nutrition : “Sugar-Sweetened Beverage but Not Diet Soda Consumption Is Positively Associated with Progression of Insulin Resistance and Prediabetes.”University of Iowa Stead Family Children’s Hospital: “Foods to avoid with type 2 diabetes.” Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care : “Effect of artificial sweeteners on insulin resistance among type-2 diabetes mellitus patients.”FDA: “Added Sugars on the New Nutrition Facts Label.” Nutrition : “Skipping breakfast is associated with glycemic variability in patients with type 2 diabetes.”

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: Prediabetes Diet

What foods get rid of prediabetes?

Eat lean meats and other proteins If you have prediabetes, eating a diet low in saturated fat and trans fat can help reduce your risk of developing heart disease. Choose protein sources such as the following: beans and legumes. soybean products, such as tofu and tempeh.

Is it hard to reverse pre diabetes?

With early detection and simple lifestyle changes (like diet and exercise), prediabetes is often reversible. As an added bonus, the changes made to reverse prediabetes and prevent the progression to type 2 diabetes can also improve other aspects of your overall health.

What happens to your body when you have prediabetes?

What Causes Prediabetes? – Insulin is a hormone made by your pancreas that acts like a key to let blood sugar into cells for use as energy. If you have prediabetes, the cells in your body don’t respond normally to insulin. Your pancreas makes more insulin to try to get cells to respond.

Does prediabetes make you tired?

Why does fatigue occur? – Fatigue can occur for many reasons but here are 3 important ones to consider:

Poor blood circulation which results in less oxygen and energy supply to the brain Long–term inflammation in the body (e.g. from arthritis) so effectively the body is at “war” and the brain is sent messages that the body needs to rest and repair itself. Complications such as kidney disease where there is red cell damage and less oxygen in the body.

Fatigue in prediabetes is common and occurs for a number of reasons. High and low blood sugars can cause tiredness so it is important to check your sugars when feeling like this to try and get a clearer picture of the cause.

How long does it take to reverse Prediabetic?

How much time really depends on the person, their starting weight, and their level of physical activity. Some people may need to lose more weight than others to reduce their risk of developing type 2 diabetes. It can take several weeks, months, or years to see an improvement.

Can prediabetes go away and come back?

Yes, prediabetes is reversible. A positive prediabetes test result is like an alarm bell going off, encouraging you to make healthy changes. Around 3.5% to 10% of people with prediabetes develop diabetes every year. This means that their blood glucose rises from the prediabetes range into the diabetes range.

What percentage of pre diabetics become diabetic?

According to an ADA expert panel, up to 70% of individuals with prediabetes will eventually develop diabetes.