People of all ages can develop type 1 diabetes. If you have type 1 diabetes, your pancreas doesn’t make insulin or makes very little insulin. Insulin helps blood sugar enter the cells in your body for use as energy. Without insulin, blood sugar can’t get into cells and builds up in the bloodstream.
- High blood sugar is damaging to the body and causes many of the symptoms and complications of diabetes.
- Type 1 diabetes was once called insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes.
- It usually develops in children, teens, and young adults, but it can happen at any age.
- Type 1 diabetes is less common than type 2 —about 5-10% of people with diabetes have type 1.
Currently, no one knows how to prevent type 1 diabetes, but it can be treated successfully by:
Following your doctor’s recommendations for living a healthy lifestyle. Managing your blood sugar. Getting regular health checkups. Getting diabetes self-management education and support,
If your child has type 1 diabetes—especially a young child—you’ll handle diabetes care on a day-to-day basis. Daily care will include serving healthy foods, giving insulin injections, and watching for and treating hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). You’ll also need to stay in close contact with your child’s health care team.
How does a person get type 1 diabetes?
What causes type 1 diabetes? – Type 1 diabetes occurs when your immune system, the body’s system for fighting infection, attacks and destroys the insulin -producing beta cells of the pancreas, Scientists think type 1 diabetes is caused by genes and environmental factors, such as viruses, that might trigger the disease.
What is the difference between Type 2 & type 1 diabetes?
The main difference between the type 1 and type 2 diabetes is that type 1 diabetes is a genetic condition that often shows up early in life, and type 2 is mainly lifestyle-related and develops over time. With type 1 diabetes, your immune system is attacking and destroying the insulin-producing cells in your pancreas.
– Although type 1 and type 2 diabetes both have things in common, there are lots of differences. Like what causes them, who they affect, and how you should manage them. For a start, type 1 affects 8% of everyone with diabetes. While type 2 diabetes affects about 90%. Some people get confused between type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
This can mean you have to explain that what works for one type doesn’t work for the other, and that there are different causes. The main thing to remember is that both are as serious as each other. Having high blood glucose (or sugar) levels can lead to serious health complications, no matter whether you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes.
What happens when you have type 1 diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes – Type 1 diabetes can develop at any age, but usually appears before the age of 40, particularly in childhood. Around 10% of all diabetes is type 1. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas (a small gland behind the stomach) progressively reduces the amount of insulin (the hormone that regulates blood glucose levels) it produces until it stops producing any at all.
How is type 1 diabetes treated?
Diet and exercise – Lots of people with Type 2 diabetes don’t take any medication, and they instead treat their diabetes by eating well and moving more, our latest research DiRECT has even shown that weight loss can put Type 2 diabetes into remission, We have loads of information and advice that will help you live a healthy life,
Are you born with type 1 diabetes or can you develop it?
What Causes Type 1 Diabetes? – Type 1 diabetes is thought to be caused by an autoimmune reaction (the body attacks itself by mistake). This reaction destroys the cells in the pancreas that make insulin, called beta cells. This process can go on for months or years before any symptoms appear.
Some people have certain genes (traits passed on from parent to child) that make them more likely to develop type 1 diabetes. However, many of them won’t go on to have type 1 diabetes even if they have the genes. A trigger in the environment, such as a virus, may also play a part in developing type 1 diabetes.
Diet and lifestyle habits don’t cause type 1 diabetes.
How can I tell if I have type 1 or type 2 diabetes?
Is Diagnosing Diabetes Types 1 and 2 Similar? – Blood tests used to diagnose type 1 and type 2 diabetes include fasting blood sugar, a hemoglobin A1C test, and a glucose tolerance test, The A1C test measures the average blood sugar level over the past few months.
The glucose tolerance test measures blood sugar after a sugary drink is given. “The blood sugar testing we do to diagnose and manage type 1 diabetes is very similar to the testing we do for type 2 diabetes,” says Drincic. “We can do a blood test that looks for antibodies. That tells us if it is type 1 or 2.” In type 1 diabetes, the immune system makes antibodies that act against the cells in the pancreas that make insulin, and these antibodies can be detected in a blood test.
Your doctor may suspect type 2 diabetes based on your symptoms and risk factors, such as obesity and family history.
Can type 1 diabetes get pregnant?
During Your Pregnancy – As soon as you find out that you’re pregnant, work with your medical team to manage your blood sugar and head off complications. During your pregnancy, you and your doctors will adjust your diabetes management plan, so it’s important that you trust your team and feel free to reach out to them.
An endocrinologist (a doctor who treats hormone conditions, including diabetes). You may want to find one who specializes in caring for pregnant women with diabetes. An obstetrician (a doctor who treats pregnant women). Your pregnancy may be considered high risk because of your diabetes. If that’s the case, you may want to find an obstetrician who takes care of women with high-risk pregnancies. A diabetes educator who can help you manage your diabetes during pregnancy.
Here are a few things to keep in mind: Keep your A1C levels on target. Blood sugar levels that stay high during pregnancy may cause your baby to grow too large (macrosomia) or harm the early development of organs and lead to birth defects. Know your risks.
Preecalampsia – high blood pressure that can damage the liver and kidneys. Insulin resistance – when insulin is less effective at lowering your blood sugar. Miscarriage. Macrosomia – a larger-than-average baby. This can lead to a more difficult delivery. Birth defects that may affect your baby’s heart, brain, spine, kidneys, digestive system, limbs, and mouth.
Read more about possible risks during pregnancy. Be aware of changing insulin needs. Your insulin needs may change throughout your pregnancy. Low blood sugar is common in women with type 1 diabetes. Check with your health care team about how much insulin you need and how often you need it.
If you are delivering in a hospital, what is the procedure for women who wear an insulin pump? Can you keep your CGM on during labor and delivery? Who will manage your blood sugar levels during and after labor and delivery? What diabetes supplies do you need to pack in your hospital bag?
Learn more about birth plans external icon for people with type 1 diabetes.