Check if you have type 2 diabetes peeing more than usual, particularly at night. feeling thirsty all the time. feeling very tired. losing weight without trying to.
How do you know for sure if you have type 2 diabetes?
Diagnosis – Type 2 diabetes is usually diagnosed using the glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test. This blood test indicates your average blood sugar level for the past two to three months. Results are interpreted as follows:
Below 5.7% is normal.5.7% to 6.4% is diagnosed as prediabetes.6.5% or higher on two separate tests indicates diabetes.
If the A1C test isn’t available, or if you have certain conditions that interfere with an A1C test, your doctor may use the following tests to diagnose diabetes: Random blood sugar test. Blood sugar values are expressed in milligrams of sugar per deciliter (mg/dL) or millimoles of sugar per liter (mmol/L) of blood.
Less than 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L ) is normal.100 to 125 mg/dL (5.6 to 6.9 mmol/L ) is diagnosed as prediabetes.126 mg/dL (7 mmol/L ) or higher on two separate tests is diagnosed as diabetes.
Oral glucose tolerance test. This test is less commonly used than the others, except during pregnancy. You’ll need to fast overnight and then drink a sugary liquid at the doctor’s office. Blood sugar levels are tested periodically for the next two hours. Results are interpreted as follows:
Less than 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L ) is normal.140 to 199 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L and 11.0 mmol/L ) is diagnosed as prediabetes.200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L ) or higher after two hours suggests diabetes.
Screening. The American Diabetes Association recommends routine screening with diagnostic tests for type 2 diabetes in all adults age 35 or older and in the following groups:
People younger than 35 who are overweight or obese and have one or more risk factors associated with diabetes Women who have had gestational diabetes People who have been diagnosed with prediabetes Children who are overweight or obese and who have a family history of type 2 diabetes or other risk factors
Can I have type 2 diabetes and not know it?
Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes – Type 2 diabetes symptoms often take several years to develop. Some people don’t notice any symptoms at all. Type 2 diabetes usually starts when you’re an adult, though more and more children and teens are developing it. Because symptoms are hard to spot, it’s important to know the risk factors for type 2 diabetes.
Can I check if I have type 2 diabetes at home?
– For people with diabetes, blood sugar readings should be as follows :
- Fasting (morning testing or before a meal): 80–130 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dl)
- Before meals: 70–130 mg/dl
- Two hours after starting meals: Below 180 mg/dl
- At bedtime: Under 120 mg/dl
- HbA1c: 7.0 percent or lower
Before beginning home testing, it is important that people get clear, target figures from their doctor. Target numbers may vary from person to person and may change over time, depending on an individual’s health, age, weight, and other factors. For people who do not have diabetes, blood sugar levels should be within the following ranges:
- Fasting (morning testing or before a meal): under 100 mg/dl
- Before meals: Less than 110 mg/dl
- Two hours after meals: Below 140 mg/dl
- At bedtime: Under 120 mg/dl
- HbA1c: 5.7 percent or lower
A person cannot diagnose diabetes using home testing alone. People with unusual readings will need further testing by a doctor. The doctor might carry out fasting tests, oral glucose tolerance tests, HbA1c tests, or use a combination of these methods. Learn more about the ideal blood glucose levels here.
What is the first stage of type 2 diabetes?
Stages of type 2 diabetes – There are four stages associated with type 2 diabetes. The first stage of type 2 diabetes is referred to as the “molecular stage,” “impaired insulin sensitivity,” or more commonly, “insulin resistance.” During the insulin resistance stage, muscle, fat, and the liver start to not respond to the hormone insulin.
- This makes it more difficult for glucose to enter your body’s cells.
- As a result, our pancreas works overtime to compensate by making more insulin to let glucose into cells and regulate blood glucose levels.
- After insulin resistance, the next stage of type 2 diabetes is “pre-diabetes,” which is sometimes referred to as “impaired glucose tolerance.” Pre-diabetes is when blood glucose levels become higher than normal yet are not considered high enough for a type 2 diabetes diagnosis.
This diagnosing criteria for pre-diabetes include the following:
Hgb A1C of 5.7 – 6.4 % Fasting Plasma Glucose 100 – 125 mg/dlOral Glucose Tolerance Test 140 – 199 mg/dl
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends implementing lifestyle changes regarding food choices and physical activity to help prevent or delay type 2 diabetes diagnosis after receiving a pre-diabetes diagnosis. Check out our free blood sugar friendly recipes that add fat, fiber, and protein to your meals and snacks and The Easy Diabetes Cookbook, and The Easy Diabetes Desserts Cookbook,
What to do if you suspect you have type 2 diabetes?
– Whether or not you have prediabetes, you should see your doctor right away if you think you may be experiencing symptoms of diabetes. Your doctor can get a lot of information from blood work. Diagnostic testing may include the following:
Hemoglobin A1C test. This test measures average blood glucose levels for the previous 2 or 3 months. You don’t need to fast for this test, and your doctor can diagnose you based on the results. It’s also called a glycosylated hemoglobin test. Fasting plasma glucose test. This test measures how much glucose is in your plasma. You may need to fast for 8 hours before taking it. Oral glucose tolerance test. During this test, your blood is drawn three times: before, 1 hour after, and 2 hours after you drink a dose of glucose. The test results show how well your body deals with glucose before and after the drink.
If you have diabetes, your doctor will provide you with information about how to manage the disease, including:
how to monitor blood glucose levels on your owndietary recommendationsphysical activity recommendationsinformation about any medications that you need
You may need to see an endocrinologist who specializes in the treatment of diabetes. You’ll probably need to visit your doctor more often at first to make sure your treatment plan is working.