Soft Materials – People living with diabetes need to be gentle with their feet. Look for socks made with soft fibers like bamboo or wool. These yarns won’t rub against the skin, and they can help prevent friction that causes blisters.
What type of socks should diabetics wear?
Government and pharmaceutical company literature – Government sources recommend cotton and wool socks for diabetic patients to help keep feet dry.4,5 They also reinforce the need to wear socks at all times. Health care providers often use general diabetes care and diabetes foot care literature provided by pharmaceutical companies in making recommendations to patients.
Virtually all of these materials make some reference to wearing socks.6–11 Many do not make specific fabric recommendations, but they do suggest that people avoid tight socks. Some suggest that white cotton or wool socks are preferable, saying this is because “cotton socks allow feet to breathe and helps prevent sweating.” Rarely do these materials cite research data for what they present.
Roche Diagnostics/Boehringer Mannheim Corporation lists an Accu-Chek Amputation Prevention Initiative Advisory Board on the back page of its foot care pamphlet.9 The Takeda/Lilly10 diabetes care materials contain a fairly lengthy bibliography. Unfortunately, their only reference to socks is a warning that people should not go barefoot.
What color of the sock should be recommended to diabetic patients?
White material to increase awareness of bleeding cuts – If you’ve lost feeling in your toes and feet due to neuropathy, it can be easy for even the smallest cuts or blisters to go completely unnoticed until they’ve become infected. By wearing white socks — the color of most diabetic socks — you are far more likely to notice a bleeding cut or blister.
Why do diabetics need specific socks?
Diabetic Sock Features – You can find diabetic socks online, at retail stores, and at pharmacies. When shopping for diabetic socks, look for features such as:
Moisture-wicking material. You will want socks made from acrylic fibers that can wick away moisture from your feet and keep them dry. No seams. Socks made without seams at the toe can reduce rubbing and minimize the risk of blisters at the toes which can cause ulcers to develop. Padded soles. Diabetic socks are designed with padded soles to add cushioning and comfort. These soles can often be done in white fabric so that blood from an injury or draining from a wound can easily be seen if not felt. No top elastic. Socks for diabetics are made without top elastic that can cut off circulation and restrict blood flow to the feet. Length. Diabetic socks come in a variety of lengths from ankle to over the knee. The higher length is ideal for those with circulatory issues while other lengths are fine for everyday wear. Antimicrobial properties. Many diabetic socks are made with copper or silver-infused yarn to prevent bacteria and fungal growth. These socks not only are antimicrobial but also can prevent odors. Soft yarn. You can find socks made from soft yarns such as bamboo or wool. These socks are soft against the skin and can guard your feet from blisters caused by friction. Wrinkle-free. There is no extra fabric in diabetic socks so they stay wrinkle-free and reduce discomfort.
Should diabetic socks be loose or tight?
Diabetic socks refer to looser-fitting socks that prevent skin irritation and protect the feet. They are different than compression socks, which are generally tight-fitting and aim to prevent swelling and fluid retention. People living with diabetes may experience complications from the condition, which can include problems with their feet.
These individuals have an increased risk of blisters, ulcers, and infections, so they may wish to wear diabetic socks to help protect their feet. These socks differ from compression socks, which people use purely for the purposes of reducing swelling and boosting circulation. This article explains the uses and features of diabetic and compression socks.
It also provides foot care tips for people with diabetes.
Should diabetics not wear black socks?
If you have diabetes, avoid prolonged exposure to the cold, because circulatory problems in your feet could worsen. Diabetic socks will keep your feet warm and dry to avoid blisters, ulcers, and fungal infection. You should also avoid wearing dark-colored socks because you may not notice blood or discharge from a wound on your foot.
Who should not wear diabetic socks?
What About Compression Socks? – Compression socks are designed to put pressure on your legs to improve blood circulation back to the heart. People with varicose veins and blood clots can benefit from wearing compression socks. It’s important to know that people with diabetes have up to four times the risk of developing peripheral artery disease (PAD), which causes the arteries in the legs to become narrowed or blocked.
Can you wear diabetic socks all day?
Take care of your feet – Many people with diabetes don’t need compression socks, But, if they are recommended, putting them on first thing in the morning before even getting out of bed is a key factor. “Put compression socks on when your legs are elevated, because the blood has already circulated down your legs.” Once you’ve gotten up and are moving, it gets harder for your body to circulate blood to and from the feet.
- Once those socks are on, keep them on all day.
- Tina also recommends buying a telescoping mirror at a local pharmacy or hardware store.
- It’ll only set you back a couple of bucks.
- Use the mirror to look at the bottom of your feet often.
- That way, you’ll be familiar with your feet,
- If any changes come up, you’ll be ready to take action.
Finally, don’t use super-hot water when you wash your feet. Moisturize with lotion daily. “Put lotion on the top and bottom, but not in between the toes,” Tina said. That can cause moisture to get trapped in nooks and crannies, which is not something you want.
What do diabetic feet look like?
When to See Your Doctor – If you experience any of these symptoms, don’t wait for your next appointment. See your regular doctor or foot doctor right away:
Pain in your legs or cramping in your buttocks, thighs, or calves during physical activity. Tingling, burning, or pain in your feet. Loss of sense of touch or ability to feel heat or cold very well. A change in the shape of your feet over time. Loss of hair on your toes, feet, and lower legs. Dry, cracked skin on your feet. A change in the color and temperature of your feet. Thickened, yellow toenails. Fungus infections such as athlete’s foot between your toes. A blister, sore, ulcer, infected corn, or ingrown toenail.
Most people with diabetes can prevent serious foot complications. Regular care at home and going to all doctor’s appointments are your best bet for preventing foot problems (and stopping small problems from becoming serious ones).
Can a normal person wear diabetic socks?
Finding the Best Diabetic Socks (Whether You Have Diabetes or Not) If you have, protecting your feet should be one of your top priorities. Due to nerve and circulatory problems associated with the condition, people with diabetes are much more susceptible to cuts, blisters, cracked skin, and other foot problems—and if those are left untreated, they can even develop into dangerous wounds.
One of the best ways to help provide that protection is by wearing diabetic socks, Although from the outside they might not look much different from “normal” socks, they are thoughtfully designed with materials and features that can help keep diabetic feet safe. In fact, you don’t even have to have diabetes to benefit from them.
But that all being said, not all diabetic socks are created equal, So if you’re in the market for some socks that will help protect your feet from damage, you should make sure you know what to look for. Or, if you’re near our office in Surprise, Arizona, you could just stop in and see us! We carry a large selection of high quality diabetic socks in several sizes and styles, and would be glad to help you select the best pairs for your current needs!
How long should you wear diabetic socks?
Care and Maintenance – Diabetic socks can be worn daily (and most people who need them should wear them everyday) and washed frequently. Most will last around six months with regular wear and proper care. To increase their longevity, wash socks in a mesh undergarment bag in the washing machine and dry them on low heat.
Can I sleep with diabetic socks?
Avoid wearing compression socks at night unless prescribed by your doctor. Even though they’re known to improve circulation by increasing blood flow, they aren’t meant to be worn to bed. Compression socks move blood flow away from your feet and may block blood flow when you’re lying down.
Should diabetics wear socks to bed?
Diabetic foot care is essential as diabetes can be dangerous to your feet—even a small cut can produce serious consequences. Diabetes may cause nerve damage that takes away the feeling in your feet. Diabetes may also reduce blood flow to the feet, making it harder to heal an injury or resist infection.
- Because of these problems, you may not notice a foreign object in your shoe.
- As a result, you could develop a blister or a sore.
- This could lead to an infection or a nonhealing wound that could put you at risk for an amputation.
- To avoid serious foot problems that could result in losing a toe, foot or leg, follow these guidelines.
Inspect your feet daily. Check for cuts, blisters, redness, swelling or nail problems. Use a magnifying hand mirror to look at the bottom of your feet. Call your doctor if you notice anything. Bathe feet in lukewarm, never hot, water. Keep your feet clean by washing them daily.
Use only lukewarm water—the temperature you would use on a newborn baby. Be gentle when bathing your feet. Wash them using a soft washcloth or sponge. Dry by blotting or patting and carefully dry between the toes. Moisturize your feet but not between your toes. Use a moisturizer daily to keep dry skin from itching or cracking.
But don’t moisturize between the toes—that could encourage a fungal infection. Cut nails carefully. Cut them straight across and file the edges. Don’t cut nails too short, as this could lead to ingrown toenails. If you have concerns about your nails, consult your doctor.
- Never treat corns or calluses yourself.
- No “bathroom surgery” or medicated pads.
- Visit your doctor for appropriate treatment.
- Wear clean, dry socks.
- Change them daily.
- Consider socks made specifically for patients living with diabetes.
- These socks have extra cushioning, do not have elastic tops, are higher than the ankle and are made from fibers that wick moisture away from the skin.
Wear socks to bed, If your feet get cold at night, wear socks. Never use a heating pad or a hot water bottle. Shake out your shoes and feel the inside before wearing. Remember, your feet may not be able to feel a pebble or other foreign object, so always inspect your shoes before putting them on.
Eep your feet warm and dry. Don’t let your feet get wet in snow or rain. Wear warm socks and shoes in winter. Consider using an antiperspirant on the soles of your feet. This is helpful if you have excessive sweating of the feet. Never walk barefoot. Not even at home! Always wear shoes or slippers. You could step on something and get a scratch or cut.
Take care of your diabetes. Keep your blood sugar levels under control. Do not smoke. Smoking restricts blood flow in your feet. Get periodic foot exams. Seeing your foot and ankle surgeon on a regular basis can help prevent the foot complications of diabetes.
Should diabetics walk barefoot?
Diabetes is the leading cause of limb amputations in the United States, with most cases stemming from an inability to feel a minor injury and subsequent infection. As a result, people with diabetes should never walk barefoot—even indoors. That said, there are many ways people living with diabetes can protect their feet fashionably in all environments throughout the year.
Do diabetics have to wear white socks?
PODIATRIST EXPLAINS WHY DIABETICS SHOULD WEAR WHITE SOCKS “When you have diabetes and can’t feel your feet, you can develop a wound from trauma or something in your shoe; you can develop an infection and not know it,” says podiatrist Jared Gremillion, DPM, The progression from a small wound to a complicated infection can happen quickly.
|Dr. Jared Gremillion|
That’s why Dr. Gremillion suggests that you check your feet often. “Don’t let anything go unnoticed. If you notice a wound or feel a tingling sensation or numbness in your foot, it definitely needs attention,” says Dr. Gremillion. “Diabetics should wear white socks so that if you have an infection, you will see the drainage on your socks.” Source: Sara Diamond, WJHL Courtesy of Barry Block, editor of PM News : PODIATRIST EXPLAINS WHY DIABETICS SHOULD WEAR WHITE SOCKS
Why do diabetics legs swell up?
If you’re suffering from diabetes, you may also be experiencing swollen legs and ankles. It is due to fluid retention (edema) in the affected parts. This fluid retention is the result of fluid accumulation in your veins, which often occurs because of poor blood circulation.
Edema can occur anywhere on the body but is most prominent in the extremities, particularly in the feet and ankles, where gravity causes pooling and requires healthy circulation to move the blood. Fortunately, you can manage swollen ankles from diabetes and even prevent it altogether by improving your lifestyle choices.
There are also some medical and therapeutic procedures that can help in the treatment and prevention of swelling caused by diabetes.
Is there a difference between compression socks and diabetic socks?
Differences – The fundamental difference between these two types of socks is the way they fit. While diabetic socks are loose-fitting and non-binding, compression socks exert a gradual level of pressure onto the lower limbs. Diabetic socks:
Protect the feet and lower limbs from hot or cold conditions when patients cannot feel these adequately (a side effect of nerve damage caused by diabetes); Are designed to keep feet dry;
Work to increase blood circulation; Are prescribed to diabetes patients who have foot problems – in other words, not every diabetic needs to wear diabetic socks; Are made with as few seams as possible and from fine-textured fabrics with antimicrobial properties, such as bamboo and wool.
Some diabetes socks have additional features, like smart technology that tracks foot temperature through sensors in order to alert the patient if an ulcer was forming on their foot, via an app. On the other hand, compression socks can be medically prescribed or simply worn for the pain and swelling relief they provide, in daily life or by athletes or professionals who find them useful on long days standing up or sitting down for extended periods of time.
Exert pressure of various levels on your lower limbs, including shins and calves;
Are made from a variety of materials, including cotton, moisture-wicking nylon, and merino wool; Can be worn as part of sporting activities such as running and hiking, and have a beneficial effect on blood circulation during long days out; Are not waterproof – instead, the materials that compression socks are made from will allow water to reach your feet, but also to evaporate quickly, thanks to moisture-wicking properties; Also help promote blood flow and avoid circulatory problems, but are not designed for specific injury prevention and do not have additional medical features like temperature sensors.
Why do diabetics wear long socks?
Diabetic socks work to improve blood flow by providing warmth without constriction. Because diabetes causes poor circulation in the feet, it’s important not to constrict the blood vessels there.
Should diabetics always wear socks with shoes?
Why being barefoot is an issue – To state the obvious: When your feet aren’t protected, they’re more vulnerable to injury. This goes for walking around your home as well as outside. If you’re diabetic, we recommend you wear socks and shoes at all times.
If you’re sporting bare feet, it’s much more likely you’ll step on a pebble, stick, or even a piece of glass that cuts through your skin. You won’t feel especially hot pavement and could experience a serious burn. You may not even feel the pain of the injury, but the wound is present, and your body is ill-equipped to heal it.
Not only will the cut linger, but infection can ensue and spread. The infection can also lead to gangrene – the death of your tissue – and the only recourse becomes amputation. No matter how pristine you keep your house, it’s dangerous to walk indoors without shoes and socks, too.
Are diabetic socks and compression socks the same?
Diabetic Socks: The Basics – The most basic design choice that every pair of diabetic socks shares—in other words, the thing that actually makes them diabetic socks—is non-binding construction. Most “regular socks” generally fit pretty loosely around your feet and even parts of your ankles and calves (depending on how high they’re cut) and are held in place by an elastic band.
Unfortunately, this design choice can have a negative effect on people with diabetes. A tight elastic band can impair circulation to the feet (especially if your circulation has already been compromised by your condition), putting you at greater risk of problems like varicose veins and deep vein thrombosis (DVT).
That can also make it even harder for cuts, blisters, and other injuries to heal. Instead of being held up by a single elastic band, non-binding socks are made from fabric blends that spread out the “tightness” over the entire area of the sock. You get a nice, close fit that won’t fall down or slide around, but also won’t put excessive constriction or pressure on any one part of your feet or legs.
- This helps promote healthy circulation while keeping you comfortable.
- It’s important to understand that diabetic socks are not the same as compression stockings.
- Diabetic socks are meant to facilitate circulation, while compression socks are designed specifically to limit it.
- Although some people with diabetes may benefit from higher levels of compression in certain situations, others definitely need much lower compression.
So please, don’t get these two confused!