How Many Types Of Diabetes Are There?

How Many Types Of Diabetes Are There
Types of Diabetes – There are three main types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes (diabetes while pregnant).

What is the highest stage of diabetes?

– While “end-stage diabetes” isn’t a commonly used term, diabetes can lead to what’s known as end-stage diabetic complications, or advanced complications. In people with diabetes, advanced complications, like end-stage renal disease, occur after many years of living with diabetes.

What type of diabetes is harder to treat?

Brittle Diabetes (Labile Diabetes) Brittle diabetes mellitus (or labile diabetes) is a term used to describe particularly hard to control type 1 diabetes. Those people who have brittle diabetes are more likely to experience frequent, extreme swings in blood glucose levels, causing hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia.

Is there a type 1.5 diabetes?

I’ve been diagnosed with LADA — latent autoimmune diabetes in adults. What’s the difference between it and other forms of diabetes? – Answer From M. Regina Castro, M.D. Latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) is a slow-progressing form of autoimmune diabetes.

Like the autoimmune disease type 1 diabetes, LADA occurs because your pancreas stops producing adequate insulin, most likely from some “insult” that slowly damages the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. But unlike type 1 diabetes, with LADA, you often won’t need insulin for several months up to years after you’ve been diagnosed.

Many researchers believe LADA, sometimes called type 1.5 diabetes, is a subtype of type 1 diabetes, while others do not recognize it as a distinct entity. Other researchers believe diabetes occurs on a continuum, with LADA falling between type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

People who have LADA are usually over age 30. Because they’re older when symptoms develop than is typical for someone with type 1 diabetes and because initially their pancreases still produce some insulin, people with LADA are often misdiagnosed with type 2 diabetes. If you’ve been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and you’re lean and physically active or you’ve recently lost weight without effort, talk with your doctor about whether your current treatment is still the best one for you.

At first, LADA can be managed by controlling your blood sugar with diet, losing weight if appropriate, exercise and, possibly, oral medications. But as your body gradually loses its ability to produce insulin, you’ll eventually need insulin shots. More research is needed before the best way to treat LADA is established.

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What is Stage 4 diabetes?

Abstract – Alterations in renal function and structure are found even at the onset of diabetes mellitus. Studies performed over the last decade now allow definition of a series of stages in the development of renal changes in diabetes. Such a classification may be useful both in clinical work and in research activities.

Stage 1 is characterized by early hyperfunction and hypertrophy. These changes are found at diagnosis, before insulin treatment. Increased urinary albumin excretion, aggravated during physical exercise, is also a characteristic finding. Changes are at least partly reversible by insulin treatment. Stage 2 develops silently over many years and is characterized by morphologic lesions without signs of clinical disease.

However, kidney function tests and morphometry on biopsy specimens reveal changes. The function is characterized by increased GFR. During good diabetes control, albumin excretion is normal; however, physical exercise unmasks changes in albuminuria not demonstrable in the resting situation.

During poor diabetes control albumin excretion goes up both at rest and during exercise. A number of patients continue in stage 2 throughout their lives. Stage 3, incipient diabetic nephropathy, is the forerunner of overt diabetic nephropathy. Its main manifestation is abnormally elevated urinary albumin excretion, as measured by radioimmunoassay.

A level higher than the values found in normal subjects but lower than in clinical disease is the main characteristic of this stage, which appeared to be between 15 and 300 micrograms/min in the baseline situation. A slow, gradual increase over the years is a prominent feature in this very decisive phase of renal disease in diabetes when blood pressure is rising.

  1. The increased rate in albumin excretion is higher in patients with increased blood pressure.
  2. GFR is still supranormal and antihypertensive treatment in this phase is under investigation, using the physical exercise test.
  3. Stage 4 is overt diabetic nephropathy, the classic entity characterized by persistent proteinuria (greater than 0.5 g/24 h).
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When the associated high blood pressure is left untreated, renal function (GFR) declines, the mean fall rate being around 1 ml/min/mo. Long-term antihypertensive treatment reduces the fall rate by about 60% and thus postpones uremia considerably. Stage 5 is end-stage renal failure with uremia due to diabetic nephropathy.

Is type 1 or 2 diabetes serious?

The main difference between the type 1 and type 2 diabetes is that type 1 diabetes is a genetic condition that often shows up early in life, and type 2 is mainly lifestyle-related and develops over time. With type 1 diabetes, your immune system is attacking and destroying the insulin-producing cells in your pancreas.

Although type 1 and type 2 diabetes both have things in common, there are lots of differences. Like what causes them, who they affect, and how you should manage them. For a start, type 1 affects 8% of everyone with diabetes. While type 2 diabetes affects about 90%. Some people get confused between type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

This can mean you have to explain that what works for one type doesn’t work for the other, and that there are different causes. The main thing to remember is that both are as serious as each other. Having high blood glucose (or sugar) levels can lead to serious health complications, no matter whether you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes.

Do diabetics age faster?

Abstract – Diabetes mellitus has long been recognized as a cause of accelerated aging. As the understanding of the metabolic syndrome has evolved, it has been recognized that the interaction of a panoply of factors in the presence of insulin resistance results in accelerated aging.

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Which diabetes is too high blood sugar?

Hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar) can affect people with type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes, as well as pregnant women with gestational diabetes. It can occasionally affect people who don’t have diabetes, but usually only people who are seriously ill, such as those who have recently had a stroke or heart attack, or have a severe infection.