How Many People Suffer From Diabetes?

How Many People Suffer From Diabetes
The Stats – The National Diabetes Statistics Report provides information on the prevalence (existing cases) and incidence (new cases) of diabetes and prediabetes, risk factors for health complications from diabetes, and diabetes-related deaths and costs. Key findings include:

37.3 million Americans—about 1 in 10—have diabetes.

About 1 in 5 people with diabetes don’t know they have it.

96 million American adults—more than 1 in 3—have prediabetes.

More than 8 in 10 adults with prediabetes don’t know they have it.

In 2019, about 1.4 million new cases of diabetes were diagnosed. For people aged 10 to 19 years, new cases of type 2 diabetes increased for all racial and ethnic minority groups, especially Black teens. For adults with diagnosed diabetes:

69% had high blood pressure, and 44% had high cholesterol.39% had chronic kidney disease, and 12% reported having vision impairment or blindness. Diabetes was highest among Black and Hispanic/Latino adults, in both men and women.

How many people in the world suffer from diabetes?

WHO / Panos / Atul Loke People getting their fasting sugar checked for diabetes at government initiated Kamala Raman Nagar dispensary. © Credits Diabetes is a chronic, metabolic disease characterized by elevated levels of blood glucose (or blood sugar), which leads over time to serious damage to the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys and nerves.

  1. The most common is type 2 diabetes, usually in adults, which occurs when the body becomes resistant to insulin or doesn’t make enough insulin.
  2. In the past 3 decades the prevalence of type 2 diabetes has risen dramatically in countries of all income levels.
  3. Type 1 diabetes, once known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin by itself.

For people living with diabetes, access to affordable treatment, including insulin, is critical to their survival. There is a globally agreed target to halt the rise in diabetes and obesity by 2025. About 422 million people worldwide have diabetes, the majority living in low-and middle-income countries, and 1.5 million deaths are directly attributed to diabetes each year.

  1. Both the number of cases and the prevalence of diabetes have been steadily increasing over the past few decades.
  2. Symptoms of type 1 diabetes include the need to urinate often, thirst, constant hunger, weight loss, vision changes and fatigue.
  3. These symptoms may occur suddenly.
  4. Symptoms for type 2 diabetes are generally similar to those of type 1 diabetes but are often less marked.
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As a result, the disease may be diagnosed several years after onset, after complications have already arisen. For this reason, it is important to be aware of risk factors. Type 1 diabetes cannot currently be prevented. Effective approaches are available to prevent type 2 diabetes and to prevent the complications and premature death that can result from all types of diabetes.

These include policies and practices across whole populations and within specific settings (school, home, workplace) that contribute to good health for everyone, regardless of whether they have diabetes, such as exercising regularly, eating healthily, avoiding smoking, and controlling blood pressure and lipids.

The starting point for living well with diabetes is an early diagnosis – the longer a person lives with undiagnosed and untreated diabetes, the worse their health outcomes are likely to be. Easy access to basic diagnostics, such as blood glucose testing, should therefore be available in primary health care settings.

Why do most people get diabetes?

The role of glucose – Glucose — a sugar — is a source of energy for the cells that make up muscles and other tissues.

Glucose comes from two major sources: food and the liver. Sugar is absorbed into the bloodstream, where it enters cells with the help of insulin. The liver stores and makes glucose. When glucose levels are low, such as when you haven’t eaten in a while, the liver breaks down stored glycogen into glucose. This keeps your glucose level within a typical range.

The exact cause of most types of diabetes is unknown. In all cases, sugar builds up in the bloodstream. This is because the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin. Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes may be caused by a combination of genetic or environmental factors. It is unclear what those factors may be.

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Can a normal person get diabetes?

Am I at risk for diabetes? – Anyone can get diabetes. However, you have a higher risk for diabetes if you are:

Overweight Inactive (exercise less than three times a week)

African-American/Black, American Indian, Alaskan Native, Hispanic, Pacific Islander or Asian Age 45 or older Have a family history of diabetes Have high blood pressure Have abnormal blood fats (cholesterol or triglycerides)

Some of these risk factors are things you cannot change, like your ethnic background or age. But others are things you can change, like being overweight or having an inactive lifestyle.

Is it too late to not get diabetes?

Diabetes prevention: 5 tips for taking control – Changing your lifestyle could be a big step toward diabetes prevention — and it’s never too late to start. Consider these tips. By Mayo Clinic Staff Lifestyle changes can help prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes, the most common form of the disease.

Prevention is especially important if you’re currently at an increased risk of type 2 diabetes because of excess weight or obesity, high cholesterol, or a family history of diabetes. If you have been diagnosed with prediabetes — high blood sugar that doesn’t reach the threshold of a diabetes diagnosis — lifestyle changes can prevent or delay the onset of disease.

Making a few changes in your lifestyle now may help you avoid the serious health complications of diabetes in the future, such as nerve, kidney and heart damage. It’s never too late to start.

How common is type 2 diabetes in the world?

Globally, an estimated 462 million individuals are affected by type 2 diabetes, corresponding to 6.28% of the world’s population (Table 1). Table 1.

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Region Prevalence (cases per 100,000) Burden of suffering (DALY per 100,000)
Global 6059 751
Europe 8529 842
Germany 9091 820
France 6843 564

Where is diabetes highest in the world?

China is the country with the highest number of diabetics worldwide, with around 141 million people suffering from the disease. By the year 2045, it is predicted that China will have around 174 million people with diabetes.

Is diabetes a worldwide problem?

A Dangerous Breakdown – Nearly half a billion people worldwide live with diabetes, and nearly 80% of those live in low- and middle-income countries. Nine in ten people with diabetes have Type 2 diabetes, which is increasing fastest in low- and middle-income countries.

  • People with type 2 diabetes cannot effectively use the insulin their body produces to regulate blood sugar.
  • Over time, high blood sugar damages many body systems, especially nerves and blood vessels.
  • Diabetes can lead to heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, blindness, and lower-limb amputation.
  • Recent research has also shown a connection between diabetes and dementia, hearing loss, and some forms of cancer.

Diabetes increases the risk of early death, and diabetes-related complications can lower quality of life. The high global burden of diabetes has a negative economic impact on individuals, health care systems, and nations.

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