WHO / Panos / Atul Loke People getting their fasting sugar checked for diabetes at government initiated Kamala Raman Nagar dispensary. © Credits Diabetes is a chronic, metabolic disease characterized by elevated levels of blood glucose (or blood sugar), which leads over time to serious damage to the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys and nerves.
The most common is type 2 diabetes, usually in adults, which occurs when the body becomes resistant to insulin or doesn’t make enough insulin. In the past 3 decades the prevalence of type 2 diabetes has risen dramatically in countries of all income levels. Type 1 diabetes, once known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin by itself.
For people living with diabetes, access to affordable treatment, including insulin, is critical to their survival. There is a globally agreed target to halt the rise in diabetes and obesity by 2025. About 422 million people worldwide have diabetes, the majority living in low-and middle-income countries, and 1.5 million deaths are directly attributed to diabetes each year.
- Both the number of cases and the prevalence of diabetes have been steadily increasing over the past few decades.
- Symptoms of type 1 diabetes include the need to urinate often, thirst, constant hunger, weight loss, vision changes and fatigue.
- These symptoms may occur suddenly.
- Symptoms for type 2 diabetes are generally similar to those of type 1 diabetes but are often less marked.
As a result, the disease may be diagnosed several years after onset, after complications have already arisen. For this reason, it is important to be aware of risk factors. Type 1 diabetes cannot currently be prevented. Effective approaches are available to prevent type 2 diabetes and to prevent the complications and premature death that can result from all types of diabetes.
These include policies and practices across whole populations and within specific settings (school, home, workplace) that contribute to good health for everyone, regardless of whether they have diabetes, such as exercising regularly, eating healthily, avoiding smoking, and controlling blood pressure and lipids.
The starting point for living well with diabetes is an early diagnosis – the longer a person lives with undiagnosed and untreated diabetes, the worse their health outcomes are likely to be. Easy access to basic diagnostics, such as blood glucose testing, should therefore be available in primary health care settings.
How do I cite the National diabetes Statistics Report 2020?
National Diabetes Statistics Report Estimates of Diabetes and Its Burden in the United States The National Diabetes Statistics Report provides up-to-date information on the prevalence and incidence of diabetes and prediabetes, risk factors for complications, acute and long-term complications, deaths, and costs.
- Total: 37.3 million people have diabetes (11.3% of the US population)
- Diagnosed: 28.7 million people, including 28.5 million adults
- Undiagnosed: 8.5 million people (23.0% of adults are undiagnosed)
- Total: 96 million people aged 18 years or older have prediabetes (38.0% of the adult US population)
- 65 years or older: 26.4 million people aged 65 years or older (48.8%) have prediabetes
- Divers J, Mayer-Davis EJ, Lawrence JM, et al. Trends in Incidence of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Among Youths— Selected Counties and Indian Reservations, United States, 2002–2015. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep.2020 Feb 14;69(6):161–165.
- Su X, Kong Y, Peng D. Evidence for changing lipid management strategy to focus on non-high density lipoprotein cholesterol. Lipids Health Dis.2019 Jun 7;18(1):134.
- American Diabetes Association. Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes—2021. Diabetes Care.2021 Jan 1; 44 (Supplement 1).
- AACE/ACE Guidelines for the Management of Dyslipidemia and Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease Writing Committee, Endocr Pract.2017;23(Suppl 2).
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics. About Underlying Cause of Death 1999–2019; CDC WONDER Online Database. Accessed at on Sept 17, 2021.
- American Diabetes Association. Economic costs of diabetes in the US in 2017. Diabetes Care.2018 May;41(5):917–928.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Diabetes Statistics Report website. https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/data/statistics-report/index.html. Accessed,
What is the gold standard test for diabetes mellitus?
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) – The OGTT is a two-hour test that checks your blood glucose levels before and two hours after you drink a special sweet drink. It tells the doctor how your body processes sugar.
Diabetes is diagnosed at two-hour blood glucose of greater than or equal to 200 mg/dl
|Result||Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT)|
|Normal||less than 140 mg/dl|
|Prediabetes||140 to 199 mg/dl|
|Diabetes||200 mg/dl or higher|
What is the theme of 2020 campaign of world diabetes?
World Diabetes Day 2020 – PAHO/WHO | Pan American Health Organization Each year, World Diabetes Day is commemorated to raise awareness about the disease, the impact on people’s health and wellbeing and the effective strategies that can be used to prevent and control it. This year is a unique one with the COVID-19 pandemic, which has caused many challenges, including for people living with diabetes and for their health care providers.
- PAHO/WHO joins partners to commemorate World Diabetes Day 2020 to call attention to the importance of maintaining essential health services for people with diabetes.
- The World Diabetes Day 2020 theme is ‘”Diabetes: Nurses make the difference” to highlight the crucial role that nurses play in supporting people living with diabetes.
Approximately 62 million people are living with type 2 diabetes in the Americas, and receive care from nurses. Nurses can make a difference for people affected by diabetes, to help people manage their disease and prevent complications due to diabetes. : World Diabetes Day 2020 – PAHO/WHO | Pan American Health Organization
What is the national average for diabetes?
How many people have diabetes? 34.2 million people, or 10.5% of the U.S. population, have diabetes. An estimated 26.8 million people – or 10.2% of the population – had diagnosed diabetes.
Why is diabetes growing so rapidly?
As per the National Diabetes Statistics Report (2020), around 34.2 million people in the United States have diabetes. As per the National Diabetes Statistics Report (2020), around 34.2 million people in the United States have diabetes, This counts for 10.5% of the US population.
Diabetes, especially type 2 diabetes, is rising at an alarming rate in the United States. Type 2 diabetes is a lifestyle disorder that is most commonly due to unhealthy eating patterns, lack of exercise, and genes. As per the American Diabetes Association, the number of Americans with diagnosed diabetes is projected to increase 165%, from 11 million in 2000 (prevalence of 4.0%) to 29 million in 2050 (prevalence of 7.2%).
The reason why diabetes is increasing in the United States can be attributed to various factors that include: Obesity Obesity and severe obesity trends have generally increased over the past 15 years. The diabetes cases have bloomed with the increase in the rates of obesity.
- Obesity is one of the most important factors that increase your risk of diabetes.
- Lack of physical activity Ceasing regular physical activity impairs the control of blood sugar levels (glycemic control) in healthy individuals and heightens your risk of diabetes.
- Quantitative and qualitative changes in diet Increased use of carbonated drinks and foods high in sugar, such as baked products made from white flour, processed and packed ready-to-eat foods, and fried foods, has contributed to an unhealthy eating pattern among Americans.
These foods can induce chronic inflammation, a factor that can lead to diabetes. Awareness There has been an improvement in awareness regarding the health effects of diabetes in the United States. This has led to people getting themselves tested for diabetes than they would have earlier.
Change in diagnostic criteria and diagnosis Doctors have started screening patients for diabetes. A new term, ” prediabetes,” has been coined, which denotes the stage in which blood sugar levels are elevated, but the patient has not progressed to the stage of full-blown diabetes. Doctors recommend only exercises and dietary changes for this category of people.
If there is no improvement in blood sugar levels, doctors may consider starting medications. Because of the easier availability of a new blood test known as HbA1C, it is possible to diagnose diabetes without fasting for 12 hours. The American Diabetes Association recommended the test for routine screening in 2010.
The test is a much reliable test for diagnosing diabetes early. Hence, diabetes is getting detected quite earlier, and young people are getting diagnosed with diabetes. Aging population Aging increases your risk for diabetes. With the advances in healthcare, people have an increased lifespan. Hence, there is a huge percentage of the aging population in the total number of people getting diagnosed with diabetes.
The increasing number of people getting diagnosed with diabetes is a sum of people
Who have been newly affected with diabetes, especially the young ones due to unhealthy lifestyle. Who have been living with diabetes but have been diagnosed with it after the availability of newer tests and an increase in screening for it.
There is also an increase in the number of the aging population who have been diagnosed with diabetes.
Is diabetes a modern epidemic?
We earn a commission for products purchased through some links in this article. David Sykes Diabetes, specifically the type 2 variety, is a thoroughly modern epidemic, a pestilence of plenty stalking the consumers of the developed world, spreading through our overpiled shopping baskets and plates, and taking root in our thickening waistlines.
You’ll easily spot type-2 in the eldritch peloton of the Riders of the Apocalypse: he’s the fat lad at the back. I use the male third person here not out of default sexism, but rather because men are biologically more susceptible to the disease. Perhaps because our fat tends to gather around the middle, whereas women have theirs distributed more evenly around the body, men will develop the disease with a lower body mass index (BMI).
Yet our knowledge of diabetes, and what causes it, sucks. Conduct an unscientific poll by asking your friends about it, and you’ll probably get a response like “It’s to do with sugar isn’t it?” As if dodging banoffee pie is going to make them bulletproof.
I can give you a handful of hard stats which chart the creeping spread of the disease in the UK, but it’s a speculative one that sticks out for me. There are 4.5 million people diagnosed, but a further 630,000 people are estimated to be walking around with the disease unawares. “Initially type-2 diabetes doesn’t make you feel much different,” says Libby Dowling, clinical adviser at Diabetes UK.
“People have been known to live with it for up to 10 years before it is detected.”
How many people are diagnosed with diabetes?
The Stats – The National Diabetes Statistics Report provides information on the prevalence (existing cases) and incidence (new cases) of diabetes and prediabetes, risk factors for health complications from diabetes, and diabetes-related deaths and costs. Key findings include:
37.3 million Americans—about 1 in 10—have diabetes.
About 1 in 5 people with diabetes don’t know they have it.
96 million American adults—more than 1 in 3—have prediabetes.
More than 8 in 10 adults with prediabetes don’t know they have it.
In 2019, about 1.4 million new cases of diabetes were diagnosed. For people aged 10 to 19 years, new cases of type 2 diabetes increased for all racial and ethnic minority groups, especially Black teens. For adults with diagnosed diabetes:
69% had high blood pressure, and 44% had high cholesterol.39% had chronic kidney disease, and 12% reported having vision impairment or blindness. Diabetes was highest among Black and Hispanic/Latino adults, in both men and women.