A low amount of carbohydrates
- You should give your dog a low carbohydrate diet to prevent the risk of hyperglycemia and glucose toxicity.
- Healthy carbohydrates that you can include in your dog’s diet include sweet potatoes, peas, broccoli, carrots, beets, and celery.
What food is good for a dog with diabetes?
Homemade diabetic dog food – While quality commercial dog food is almost always best, there are cases where you may want to prepare homemade food for your diabetic dog. For example, if your dog is a picky eater, needs to gain weight, and they don’t seem to like any over-the-counter diet options, homemade diabetic dog food may be worth a try.
- Just remember that diabetic dogs need consistency to thrive, and frequent changes to recipes and ingredients (or mismeasuring your ingredients) can cause significant changes to their blood glucose levels and insulin needs.
- If you plan on cooking for your diabetic dog, you also need to be careful about which foods you feed them.
Foods that are OK to give to dogs with diabetes tend to have lots of fiber and a low glycemic index. These include berries and vegetables like spinach, kale, broccoli, and zucchini. You can also work high-quality protein into their diet with lamb, beef, chicken, turkey, and many types of fish.
Can I reverse my dogs diabetes?
Diagnosing and Treating Diabetes in Pets Courage, a 10-year-old Dachshund with a graying muzzle, is usually fast on her feet—active and frisky despite her age. But soon after Thanksgiving, her family—siblings Michael and Donna and their parents—noticed Courage, or “Curry” for short, was drinking more water than usual, urinating more often and moping around the house.
Two days later, at the (AAH), Curry was diagnosed as diabetic. Curry’s symptoms are common among pets with diabetes, a disease that occurs when a body does not make enough or respond normally to insulin, a hormone manufactured by the pancreas that controls blood sugar levels. The precise frequency of diabetes in dogs and cats is not known and can vary depending on the breed, but it is seen in both species.
In dogs, diabetes is more common in females; in cats, it’s slightly more common in males. “Most diabetic dogs are similar to humans with Type 1 diabetes; their pancreas is unable to make enough insulin,” explains Dr. Louise Murray, vice president of AAH.
- In dogs, the most common causes are a dysfunctional immune system that damages the pancreas, or pancreatic injury that occurs due to an inflammatory condition called pancreatitis.” Dr.
- Murray says canine diabetes can also occur as a side effect of medication, particularly steroids.
- It can also result from certain diseases like Cushing’s or an excess of certain hormones, which sometimes happens when a dog is not spayed.
Diabetes in felines, on the other hand, is more similar to Type 2 diabetes in humans. Its most common causes in cats: obesity and an excess of carbohydrates in the diet, which exhaust the pancreas. It can also occur in cats with pancreatitis or who are given steroids.
- Feline diabetes can be reversible with insulin administration, a high protein/low-carb diet and maintenance of a healthy weight, allowing the pancreas to rest and regain the ability to manufacture adequate insulin.
- But diabetes will recur if cats go back to an inappropriate diet.
- Unfortunately diabetes is not curable in dogs, and the vast majority of diabetic dogs require insulin injections for life once diagnosed.
However, addressing underlying causes, as well as spaying females and treating Cushing’s disease, can allow the diabetes to be more easily and successfully controlled. “Diabetic pets can have a wonderful quality of life if their owners commit to giving them twice-daily insulin injections and monitor them closely,” says Dr.
- Jill Pomrantz, an internist at AAH.
- After her diagnosis, Curry began receiving treatment is back to being her bubbly, high-spirited self.
- Donna, who has had experience with diabetic pets, administers Curry’s twice-daily insulin shots and monitors her glucose levels.
- I know this process is not fixed overnight, but she looks much better and is more energetic,” Donna says.
“The hardest part is not caving in to her pleas for treats all the time.” Curry loves celery, however, so that’s often provided as a substitute. Please visit our Pet Care section to learn more about diabetes in and, : Diagnosing and Treating Diabetes in Pets
How long will dogs live with diabetes?
How Long Can a Dog Live with Diabetes? – With appropriate treatment and a speedy diagnosis, your dog can have a long and healthy life even after being diagnosed with diabetes. The lifespan of a dog with diabetes will vary massively from case to case, but the ‘average’ time frame, given by vets and medical experts, is two to three years following diagnosis.
How many times a day should a diabetic dog eat?
Timing – A diabetic dog needs correctly timed meals, instead of free will feeding. Meals 10-12 hours apart work best for most dogs.
How long after starting insulin will my dog feel better?
Monitoring – After insulin therapy has been started, wait 7 to 14 days to monitor any effects since it takes that long for the dog to adjust to the therapy. During that period, clients can measure urine glucose and ketones with Keto-Diastix ( pharma.bayer.com ).
- These strips can be put on any area that contains urine moisture, such as grass or gravel; as long as the strip is wet, it will provide ketone and glucose readings.
- Clients should notify the veterinarian if more than 2 urine glucose readings are negative, especially if the dog shows clinical signs of hypoglycemia or if the ketone readings are positive.
If urine glucose is negative, hypoglycemia may be present since the strip will only show glucose if the blood glucose is greater than 180 mg/dL (the renal threshold). Because DM is so common among people, many veterinary clients may be familiar with glucometer use.
For those willing to obtain spot blood glucose measurements at home, the Alpha-Trak2 glucose monitor ( zoetisus.com ) may be helpful. It is specially calibrated for use in dogs and requires substantially less blood to obtain a reading, therefore making it more convenient to use than human glucometers.
Although glucose measurements using serum chemistry analyzers are more accurate, glucometer measurements are easily obtained in the home environment with rapidly available results. Trends in glucose measurements can be followed. Blood samples can be obtained by pricking the ear pinna, gum, paw pad, or elbow areas.
During the initial insulin acclimation period, insulin doses should not be changed as a result of glucose readings, but clients should notify the veterinarian if the animal is ketotic or hypoglycemic. To capture the optimal glucose lowering effects, clients should optimally check blood glucose levels 4 to 8 hours after injecting insulin.
At the initial recheck after insulin therapy has been initiated, ask the client about resolution of clinical signs and perform a physical examination, weight measurement, and determination of body condition score. Examine muscle mass and record a muscle condition score.
- These parameters measure the most important goal of DM therapy in dogs: resolution of clinical signs and normalization of physical examination parameters.
- For many patients, these factors are more predictive of diabetic control than glucose measurements.17 Another useful aid for monitoring response to therapy is serum fructosamine.12 For fructosamine values to be interpretable, the dog should have received a stable insulin dose for at least 3 weeks before the serum fructosamine level is measured.
Although fructosamine levels can be useful for monitoring long-term response to insulin therapy, they are inappropriate for use in animals in unstable condition or those in which a hypoglycemia-induced hyperglycemic (Somogyi) response is suspected. For these patients, a glucose curve must be completed.
A glucose curve is the only way to truly evaluate the body’s response to insulin. Serum glucose levels directly reflect insulin activity. Information obtained from glucose curves includes insulin onset of action, duration of action, time of peak activity, and lowest glucose level (nadir). The first 3 parameters indicate whether the right type of insulin is being used; the last parameter provides information about the appropriate dose of insulin.
Obtaining a traditional in-hospital glucose curve requires measuring blood glucose levels, usually by glucometer, every 2 hours over a 9- to 12-hour period. These curves have many limitations, including disruption of the patient’s normal activity and eating routine, introduction of stress-related hyperglycemia, and labor intensiveness of the procedure.
Furthermore, diabetic dogs experience significant variations in day-to-day glycemic control.18 Intermittent blood sampling over a 12-hour period only may grossly overestimate or underestimate a patient’s glycemic control, and glucose peaks and nadirs may be missed if they occur between samplings. Some clients can complete glucose curves at home and send the data to the veterinarian.
Although such home-generated curves minimize the change in the dog’s normal routine, the daily variance in data can lead the clinician to make different insulin recommendations, depending on the curve examined.19 Continuous glucose monitoring and flash glucose monitoring systems provide minimally invasive ways to continuously evaluate glycemic control for up to 14 days.20 They measure interstitial glucose and record an average value every 5 minutes.
The systems comprise an external sensor with a flexible electrode that is inserted into the subcutaneous tissue. The electrode emits a small electrical current proportional to the amount of glucose in the interstitium. The electrical charge is then calibrated to a glucose measurement that is read on a monitor.
Two systems that have been validated for use in veterinary patients—the MiniMed iPro2 (continuous, professional.medtronicdiabetes.com ) and the Abbott Freestyle Libre (flash, freestylelibre.us/index.html ) systems—have been used successfully and can be sent home with the patients.21,22 The iPro2 sends data continuously from the disposable sensor to a recorder attached to the end of the sensor.
Clients are blinded to the glucose results until the device is removed and downloaded onto the MiniMed website. The iPro2 requires calibration by blood glucose measurement every 8 to 12 hours. The Abbott Freestyle Libre consists of a disposable sensor and recorder attached to the skin of the patient. The interstitial glucose data are stored in the recorder until a reader is passed over it, which will show the glucose level and download updated information to the reader.
The glucose information can be shared with the practitioner via a website. The Freestyle Libre is factory calibrated and does not require blood sample calibration at home. Both of these systems have the advantage of being able to evaluate the response to insulin therapy in the patient’s home environment and during its usual routine.
Can dogs with diabetes get better?
Caring for Your Dog With Diabetes – Although diabetes is not a completely curable disease, it can be managed successfully with proper treatment, diet and exercise. The goal of managing diabetes is to maintain glucose in an acceptable range while avoiding hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) and its associated signs.
How long can a dog last with diabetes?
Average lifespan of dog with diabetes – Many dogs who show symptoms of diabetes and are diagnosed with it do not actually die from diabetes if given the proper treatment. In fact, if your dog lives past the first 3 to 4 months of being diagnosed and is not left untreated, both you and your furry friend can still spend lots of time together.
- The median survival for dogs with diabetes is two years, and there are many who live much longer than that, provided that they receive proper treatment and are regularly assessed by the vet.
- Thus, dogs with diabetes generally live a full, happy life that is free of symptoms when given the proper treatment.
However, without treatment or insulin therapy, dogs who are suffering from diabetes mellitus are at high risk of developing complications such as diabetic ketoacidosis which can cause multi organ failure. Many dogs who pass away due to diabetes often do so because they were diagnosed late and/or before the disease could be regulated.