The main difference between the type 1 and type 2 diabetes is that type 1 diabetes is a genetic condition that often shows up early in life, and type 2 is mainly lifestyle-related and develops over time. With type 1 diabetes, your immune system is attacking and destroying the insulin-producing cells in your pancreas.
- Although type 1 and type 2 diabetes both have things in common, there are lots of differences.
- Like what causes them, who they affect, and how you should manage them.
- For a start, type 1 affects 8% of everyone with diabetes.
- While type 2 diabetes affects about 90%.
- Some people get confused between type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
This can mean you have to explain that what works for one type doesn’t work for the other, and that there are different causes. The main thing to remember is that both are as serious as each other. Having high blood glucose (or sugar) levels can lead to serious health complications, no matter whether you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes.
How can you tell the difference between type 1 and 2 diabetes?
Is Diagnosing Diabetes Types 1 and 2 Similar? – Blood tests used to diagnose type 1 and type 2 diabetes include fasting blood sugar, a hemoglobin A1C test, and a glucose tolerance test, The A1C test measures the average blood sugar level over the past few months.
The glucose tolerance test measures blood sugar after a sugary drink is given. “The blood sugar testing we do to diagnose and manage type 1 diabetes is very similar to the testing we do for type 2 diabetes,” says Drincic. “We can do a blood test that looks for antibodies. That tells us if it is type 1 or 2.” In type 1 diabetes, the immune system makes antibodies that act against the cells in the pancreas that make insulin, and these antibodies can be detected in a blood test.
Your doctor may suspect type 2 diabetes based on your symptoms and risk factors, such as obesity and family history.
Is type 1 or 2 diabetes better?
Type 2 diabetes – By far, the most common form of diabetes is type 2, accounting for 95% of diabetes cases in adults, Type 2 diabetes used to be called adult-onset diabetes, but with the epidemic of obese and overweight children, more teenagers and even adolescents are now developing this condition.
Why is type 1 diabetes more serious?
Type 1 diabetes – Type 1 diabetes can develop at any age, but usually appears before the age of 40, particularly in childhood. Around 10% of all diabetes is type 1. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas (a small gland behind the stomach) progressively reduces the amount of insulin (the hormone that regulates blood glucose levels) it produces until it stops producing any at all.
Can you still live with type 2 diabetes?
Is type 2 diabetes serious? – Around 90% of people with diabetes in the UK have type 2. It is serious condition and can be lifelong. Having type 2 diabetes without treatment means that high sugar levels in your blood can seriously damage parts of your body, including your eyes, heart and feet.
How serious is a type 2 diabetic?
If you have Type 2 diabetes, your body’s cells can’t properly take up sugar (glucose) from the foods you eat. If left untreated, Type 2 diabetes can cause such health problems as heart disease, kidney disease and stroke. You can manage this disease by making lifestyle changes, taking medications and/or insulin and seeing your provider for regular check-ins.
Overview Symptoms and Causes Diagnosis and Tests Management and Treatment Prevention Outlook / Prognosis Living With
Type 2 Diabetes
Overview Symptoms and Causes Diagnosis and Tests Management and Treatment Prevention Outlook / Prognosis Living With Back To Top
Is type 1 diabetes better or worse than type 2?
Which type of diabetes is the worst? – Type 1 diabetes is considered worse than type 2 because it is an autoimmune disease, so there isn’t a cure. Also, in a 2010 report⁴ from the UK, it’s estimated that the life expectancy of people with type 2 diabetes can be reduced by up to 10 years, while type 1 can reduce life expectancy by 20 years or more.
Do type 1 or type 2 diabetics require more insulin?
Posted on December 7, 2017 by 3330 How well do you know the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes? While the conditions may be similar, the causes and treatments for each are very different. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease often diagnosed in children, teens and young adults, although it can be diagnosed at any age.
- Type 2 diabetes, however, is more commonly diagnosed in those who are 45 years of age and older.
- In recent years, Type 2 diagnoses among younger people have become more common than in the past.
- Type 2 diabetes is a condition in which your body is still making insulin, but your body is insulin resistant.
Insulin is necessary for blood sugars to enter cells, so being insulin resistant means your body doesn’t handle blood sugars very well,” said Arti Bhan, M.D., an endocrinologist who specializes in diabetes care. “On the other hand, Type 1 diabetes is a condition in which your pancreas either does not make insulin at all, or doesn’t make enough insulin.
This lack of insulin causes your blood sugars to elevate.” To test your knowledge of Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, see if you can answer these true and false questions correctly. True or False? Insulin injections are only used to treat Type 1 Diabetes. FALSE, “Someone with Type 1 diabetes will always require insulin injections, because their body produces little or no insulin, but someone with Type 2 diabetes may require insulin injections as part of their treatment plan as well,” said Eileen Labadie, Henry Ford Health diabetes education specialist.
“Type 2 diabetes is more commonly treated with healthy lifestyle modifications and medication, such as Metformin.” True or False? Type 1 Diabetes is far less common than Type 2 diabetes. TRUE, The estimates show that more than 29 million people have some form of diabetes, but Type 1 affects only around five percent of all people with diabetes in the United States.
In addition to the number of people diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, there may be many more people with the condition who don’t know they have it, The symptoms are often subtle and develop over several years, so the condition can go unnoticed for a long time. “To avoid developing Type 2 diabetes, people should avoid processed foods and aim for 150 minutes of moderate exercise per week,” Dr.
The difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes
Bhan added. She also recommends that those at risk for developing the disease should also know their “diabetes ABCs” – A stands for A1C level (results of a blood sugar or glucose test), B stands for blood pressure and C stands for cholesterol. You should also be mindful of the three S’s, which include smoking cessation, stress reduction and sleeping an adequate amount,
- True or False? Someone with Type 1 Diabetes can consume as many sugar-free treats as they want, because sugar is what Type 1 diabetic patients need to avoid. FALSE,
- Sugar free does not always mean carbohydrate free,” said Labadie.
- Sugar-free pies, candy and cakes may have other ingredients that contain a lot of calories and carbohydrates.
While sugar is a form of carbohydrate, the first thing a patient with Type 1 diabetes should look at on a food label is total carbohydrates.” Diabetes is a serious disease that can lead to debilitating and even fatal consequences. But the good news is that both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes can be managed with an effective treatment plan, so talk to your doctor about the best plan to care for your condition and what resources are available to keep you healthy.
To learn more about diabetes prevention and management, or to book an appointment with a Henry Ford diabetes specialist, please visit www.henryford.com/services/diabetes, Dr. Arti Bhan is the division head of endocrinology for Henry Ford Health and sees patients for diabetes, thyroid disorders and other conditions at Henry Ford Medical Centers in Detroit and Novi.
Henry Ford Health is a partner in the American Medical Group Foundation’s Together 2 Goal® campaign, a national effort to improve care for 1 million people with Type 2 diabetes.