What Is Secondary Diabetes?

What Is Secondary Diabetes
– PubMed Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. The,gov means it’s official. Federal government websites often end in,gov or,mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site. The site is secure. The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely. Review S Suzuki, Nihon Rinsho,1999 Mar, Display options Format Abstract PubMed PMID Item in Clipboard Display options Format Abstract PubMed PMID Secondary diabetes can be defined as a diabetic condition that develops after the destruction of the beta-cells in the pancreatic islets and/or the induction of insulin resistance by an acquired disease (e.g.

Endocrinopathies) or others. Recently, diabetes mellitus has divided into four distinct types (type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, other specific types of diabetes and gestational diabetes) in the Report of the Expert Committee on the Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus in USA. The categories between secondary diabetes and the other specific types of diabetes might be different a little, some of the latter being described here.

The details of the genetic defects in insulin action has been presented elsewhere (see Chapter V-3).

Nishimura M, Seino Y. Nishimura M, et al. Nihon Rinsho.1997 Oct;55 Suppl:519-27. Nihon Rinsho.1997. PMID: 9392160 Review. Japanese. No abstract available. Suzuki S. Suzuki S. Nihon Rinsho.2002 Jul;60 Suppl 7:671-81. Nihon Rinsho.2002. PMID: 12238117 Review. Japanese. No abstract available. Nomiyama T, Akehi Y, Yanase T. Nomiyama T, et al. Nihon Rinsho.2012 May;70 Suppl 3:414-7. Nihon Rinsho.2012. PMID: 22768556 Japanese. No abstract available. Resmini E, Minuto F, Colao A, Ferone D. Resmini E, et al. Acta Diabetol.2009 Jun;46(2):85-95. doi: 10.1007/s00592-009-0112-9. Epub 2009 Mar 26. Acta Diabetol.2009. PMID: 19322513 Review. American Diabetes Association. American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care.2012 Jan;35 Suppl 1(Suppl 1):S64-71. doi: 10.2337/dc12-s064. Diabetes Care.2012. PMID: 22187472 Free PMC article. No abstract available.

Is secondary diabetes the same as type 2?

Frequently Asked Questions –

  • Which conditions can lead to secondary diabetes? Many conditions can lead to secondary diabetes. The most commonly associated conditions are those that affect how the endocrine system works. Others, such as genetic syndromes, can also lead to the development of secondary diabetes.
  • Can secondary diabetes be cured? In many cases, secondary diabetes brought on by another health condition is permanent, so there is no cure. Drug-induced secondary diabetes is often reversible if the medication is taken only in the short term. Whether you can cure secondary diabetes depends highly on the cause and damage to your system.
  • Is secondary diabetes the same as type 2 diabetes? Secondary diabetes and type 2 diabetes are not the same. While the two will present with the same symptoms and effects, they are not caused by the same thing. Health conditions or medications bring on secondary diabetes, whereas Type 2 diabetes is caused by lifestyle factors such as an unhealthy diet, lack of exercise, and obesity.
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  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Insulin resistance and diabetes,
  2. Pareek, A.S., Garger, Y.B., Joshi, P.M., Romero, C.M., Seth, A.K. Secondary causes of diabetes mellitus, Principles of Diabetes Mellitus Springer Cham. March 2016:1-16 doi:10.1007/978-3-319-20797-1_16-1
  3. Śliwińska-Mossoń M, Milnerowicz S, Milnerowicz H. Diabetes mellitus secondary to pancreatic diseases (type 3c): The effect of smoking on the exocrine-endocrine interactions of the pancreas, Diab Vasc Dis Res.2018 May;15(3):243-259. doi:10.1177/1479164118764062
  4. Chwalba A., Dudek A., Otto-Buczkowska E. Secondary diabetes, Austin Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism. May 16 2020;7(2):1-4.
  5. Rouiller N, Jornayvaz FR. Diabète sucré secondaire à une endocrinopathie : quand y penser ?, Rev Med Suisse.2017 May 31;13(565):1158-1162.
  6. Diabetes.co.uk. Secondary diabetes,
  7. Diabetes.co.uk. Drug induced diabetes,
  8. National Organization for Rare Disorders. Wolfram syndrome,
  9. National Institue of Diabetes and Digestive Kidney Diseases. Insulin resistance and prediabetes,
  10. Makuc J. Management of pancreatogenic diabetes: challenges and solutions, Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes.2016 Aug 25;9:311-315. doi:10.2147/DMSO.S99701

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What is the difference between primary and secondary diabetes?

Primary, idiopathic or essential diabetes mellitus represents the majority of diabetics, where the condition could be considered, at least partly, as inherited. The less commonly seen secondary diabetes is related to other diseases or drugs (Table 2).

Does secondary diabetes go away?

Although there’s no cure for type 2 diabetes, studies show it’s possible for some people to reverse it. Through diet changes and weight loss, you may be able to reach and hold normal blood sugar levels without medication, This doesn’t mean you’re completely cured.

Type 2 diabetes is an ongoing disease. Even if you’re in remission, which means you aren’t taking medication and your blood sugar levels stay in a healthy range, there’s always a chance that symptoms will return. But it’s possible for some people to go years without trouble controlling their glucose and the health concerns that come with diabetes.

So how can you reverse diabetes ? The key seems to be weight loss. Not only can shedding pounds help you manage your diabetes, sometimes losing enough weight could help you live diabetes-free – especially if you’ve only had the disease for a few years and haven’t needed insulin.

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Can secondary diabetes reversed?

Here’s how healthier habits may help some people reverse or better manage the disease. – Diabetes is a very common but serious medical condition. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than 34 million Americans have it, with about 90-95% of them having type 2 diabetes. About 88 million people have prediabetes, a precursor to type 2 diabetes.

There is no cure for type 2 diabetes. But it may be possible to reverse the condition to a point where you do not need medication to manage it and your body does not suffer ill effects from having blood sugar levels that are too high. Making positive lifestyle changes such as eating a well-balanced diet, exercising regularly and getting down to a healthy weight (and maintaining it) are the key to possibly reversing or managing type 2 diabetes.

Other lifestyle changes may also help, including not smoking, getting enough sleep, limiting alcohol and managing stress. However, for some people this is still not enough and medication is needed to manage the condition.

Which diabetes requires insulin?

Goals of insulin therapy – If you have type 1 diabetes, insulin therapy is vital for replacing the insulin your body doesn’t produce. Sometimes, people with type 2 diabetes or gestational diabetes need insulin therapy if other treatments haven’t been able to keep blood glucose levels within the desired range.

Can type 2 diabetes happen suddenly?

What are the symptoms of diabetes? – Symptoms of diabetes include

increased thirst and urination increased hunger fatigue blurred vision numbness or tingling in the feet or hands sores that do not heal unexplained weight loss

Symptoms of type 1 diabetes can start quickly, in a matter of weeks. Symptoms of type 2 diabetes often develop slowly—over the course of several years—and can be so mild that you might not even notice them. Many people with type 2 diabetes have no symptoms. Some people do not find out they have the disease until they have diabetes-related health problems, such as blurred vision or heart trouble,

What is another name for type 2 diabetes?

What Is It? – Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease. It is characterized by high levels of sugar in the blood. Type 2 diabetes is also called type 2 diabetes mellitus and adult-onset diabetes. That’s because it used to start almost always in middle- and late-adulthood.

  • However, more and more children and teens are developing this condition.
  • Type 2 diabetes is much more common than type 1 diabetes, and is really a different disease.
  • But it shares with type 1 diabetes high blood sugar levels, and the complications of high blood sugar.
  • During digestion, food is broken down into basic components.

Carbohydrates are broken down into simple sugars, primarily glucose. Glucose is a critically important source of energy for the body’s cells. To provide energy to the cells, glucose needs to leave the blood and get inside the cells. Insulin traveling in the blood signals the cells to take up glucose.

Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas. The pancreas is an organ in the abdomen. When levels of glucose in the blood rise (for example, after a meal), the pancreas produces more insulin. Type 2 diabetes occurs when your body’s cells resist the normal effect of insulin, which is to drive glucose in the blood into the inside of the cells.

This condition is called insulin resistance. As a result, glucose starts to build up in the blood. In people with insulin resistance, the pancreas “sees” the blood glucose level rising. The pancreas responds by making extra insulin to maintain a normal blood sugar.

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What else is type 2 diabetes called?

Overview – Type 2 diabetes is an impairment in the way the body regulates and uses sugar (glucose) as a fuel. This long-term (chronic) condition results in too much sugar circulating in the bloodstream. Eventually, high blood sugar levels can lead to disorders of the circulatory, nervous and immune systems.

In type 2 diabetes, there are primarily two interrelated problems at work. Your pancreas does not produce enough insulin — a hormone that regulates the movement of sugar into your cells — and cells respond poorly to insulin and take in less sugar. Type 2 diabetes used to be known as adult-onset diabetes, but both type 1 and type 2 diabetes can begin during childhood and adulthood.

Type 2 is more common in older adults, but the increase in the number of children with obesity has led to more cases of type 2 diabetes in younger people. There’s no cure for type 2 diabetes, but losing weight, eating well and exercising can help you manage the disease.

Are there different types of type 2 diabetes?

Research suggests there could be different forms of Type 2 diabetes Type 2 diabetes could be broken down into different subtypes, according to research published today in the Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology. Scientists in Sweden and Finland have found that Type 2 diabetes could be separated out into four subtypes, which have distinct characteristics.

This suggests that people with Type 2 diabetes might be affected by their diabetes in different ways and benefit from different treatments. The researchers studied nearly 15,000 people with diabetes across Sweden and Finland. They examined factors like body mass index, blood glucose control and how well insulin-producing cells in the pancreas were working.

Of the four types, they found the more common two were linked to older age or being overweight. The other two less common types were linked to a higher risk of diabetes-related complications.