What Is Juvenile Diabetes?

What Is Juvenile Diabetes
People of all ages can develop type 1 diabetes. If you have type 1 diabetes, your pancreas doesn’t make insulin or makes very little insulin. Insulin helps blood sugar enter the cells in your body for use as energy. Without insulin, blood sugar can’t get into cells and builds up in the bloodstream.

  • High blood sugar is damaging to the body and causes many of the symptoms and complications of diabetes.
  • Type 1 diabetes was once called insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes.
  • It usually develops in children, teens, and young adults, but it can happen at any age.
  • Type 1 diabetes is less common than type 2 —about 5-10% of people with diabetes have type 1.

Currently, no one knows how to prevent type 1 diabetes, but it can be treated successfully by:

Following your doctor’s recommendations for living a healthy lifestyle. Managing your blood sugar. Getting regular health checkups. Getting diabetes self-management education and support,

If your child has type 1 diabetes—especially a young child—you’ll handle diabetes care on a day-to-day basis. Daily care will include serving healthy foods, giving insulin injections, and watching for and treating hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). You’ll also need to stay in close contact with your child’s health care team.

What is the meaning of juvenile diabetes?

Overview – Type 1 diabetes, once known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition. In this condition, the pancreas makes little or no insulin. Insulin is a hormone the body uses to allow sugar (glucose) to enter cells to produce energy.

What causes juvenile diabetes?

Causes – The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown. But in most people with type 1 diabetes, the body’s immune system — which normally fights harmful bacteria and viruses — mistakenly destroys insulin-producing (islet) cells in the pancreas. Genetics and environmental factors appear to play a role in this process.

Once the islet cells of the pancreas are destroyed, your child produces little or no insulin. Insulin performs the critical job of moving sugar (glucose) from the bloodstream to the body’s cells for energy. Sugar enters the bloodstream when food is digested. Without enough insulin, sugar builds up in your child’s bloodstream.

This can cause life-threatening complications if left untreated.

What age does juvenile diabetes show up?

Every parent knows babies and small children sleep and drink a lot. But if your child is suddenly much drowsier or thirstier than usual, it could be a symptom of type 1 diabetes, It used to be called juvenile diabetes because most of the people who got it were young children.

Is juvenile diabetes permanent?

Diabetes Treatment Basics – The first thing to understand when it comes to treating diabetes is your blood glucose level, which is the amount of glucose in the blood. Glucose is a sugar that comes from the foods we eat and also is formed and stored inside the body.

  1. It’s the main source of energy for the cells of the body, and is carried to them through the blood.
  2. Glucose gets into the cells with the help of the hormone,
  3. So how do blood glucose levels relate to type 1 diabetes? People with type 1 diabetes can no longer produce insulin.
  4. This means that glucose stays in the bloodstream and doesn’t get into the cells, causing blood glucose levels to go too high.

High blood sugar levels can make people with type 1 diabetes feel sick, so their treatment plan involves keeping their blood sugar levels within a healthy range, while making sure they grow and develop normally. To do that, people with type 1 diabetes need to:

take insulin as prescribed eat a healthy, balanced diet with accurate carbohydrate counts check blood sugar levels as prescribed get regular physical activity

Following the treatment plan can help a person stay healthy, but it’s not a cure for diabetes. Right now, there’s no cure for diabetes, so people with type 1 diabetes will need treatment for the rest of their lives. The good news is that sticking to the plan can help people feel healthy and avoid diabetes problems later.

Can eating too much sugar cause juvenile diabetes?

1. Can you get diabetes from eating too much sugar? – One of the most common misconceptions about diabetes is that it is caused by sugar. “Every time we see a child with a new diagnosis, parents ask if it is because of something they did,” says Dr. Choudhary.

Was it too much sugar? Was it the soda?” Dr. Choudhary says when it comes to type 1 diabetes, many people don’t know that its cause is not related to nutrition and sugar intake. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition where the body loses its ability to make insulin. The exact cause is unknown, and there is no way to prevent it – no matter how much sugar is or is not consumed.

While type 2 diabetes can be related to gaining too much weight, it’s not eating sugar alone that causes the condition. Any child who doesn’t get enough activity and eats too many unhealthy foods, sugary or not, may be at a higher risk for type 2 diabetes, especially if they gain weight.

How long do juvenile diabetics live?

People who develop diabetes during childhood may die up to 20 years sooner than people without diabetes, according to research findings by scientists in Sweden and the U.K. A study of more than 27,000 individuals with type 1diabetes (T1D) discovered that the average lifespan of women diagnosed with the disorder before the age of 10 years was 17.7 years shorter – the range was 14.5–20.4 years – than that of their diabetes-free counterparts.

For men, a diagnosis before 10 years of age was associated with a 14.2 years average shorter lifespan (range 12.1–18.2 years). Lifespan was also on average 10 years shorter for men and women combined, when disease developed later, between 26–30 years of age, according to the research results, which were published in The Lancet,

“These are disappointing and previously unknown figures,” comments Araz Rawshani, M.D., Ph.D., researcher at the department of internal medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg University, and the Swedish National Diabetes Registry. “The study suggests that we must make an even greater effort to aggressively treat patients diagnosed at an early age to reduce the risk of complications and premature death.” The research team reports its findings in a paper titled, ” Excess mortality and cardiovascular disease in young adults with type 1 diabetes in relation to age at onset: a nationwide, register-based cohort study,” T1D can develop at any point in life, but is the second most common chronic childhood disease, the authors write.

And although there have been “remarkable” improvements in management and survival, T1D is still associated with a two to eight times increase in mortality. Cardiovascular disease is the main driver of morbidity and mortality in people with the disease, so guidelines in Europe and the U.S. recommend aggressive management of cardiovascular risk factors in T1D patients, and in particular those over the age of 40 years.

However, there are currently no guidelines that consider age of disease onset as stratifier of risk, the authors point out. ” we aimed to do a nationwide, register-based cohort study to examine how age at diagnosis of type 1 diabetes relates to excess risk of death and cardiovascular outcomes, while accounting for diabetes duration, using granular age categories.” The researchers analyzed data from 27,195 T1D patients the Swedish National Diabetes Register, and another 135,178 matched controls, including an average of 10 years of follow-up.

The analyses were designed to estimate the excess T1D-related risk of all-cause mortality, as well as cardiovascular mortality, noncardiovascular mortality, acute myocardial infarction (AMI)), stroke, cardiovascular disease (a composite of AMI and stroke), coronary heart disease, heart failure, and atrial fibrillation.

Patients were categorized into five groups, based on their age at T1D diagnosis: 1–10 years, 11–15 years, 16–20 years, 21–25 years, and 26–30 years. The results showed that for both men and women combined, a T1D before 10 years of age was associated with an average of 16 life-years lost.

T1D patients were also at greater risk of all of the outcomes evaluated, apart from atrial fibrillation. The earlier the disease developed, the greater the risk. “Patients with type 1 diabetes with disease onset before 10 years of age had a 30-times increased risk of coronary heart disease and acute myocardial infarction compared with matched controls,” the researches write.

“There was a ubiquitous inverse association between age and diagnosis and risk of outcomes.” And among those who developed T1D before 10 years of age, the risks were much higher in women than they were in men. Women had a six-times increased risk of all-cause mortality, whereas for men the risk was increased threefold.

“Excess risks were particularly pronounced in women,” the authors note; “women with type 1 diabetes had an approximately 60-times increased risk of coronary artery disease and an approximately 90-times increased risk of acute myocardial infarction.” Given the findings that age of T1D onset appears to be a key determinant of survival and cardiovascular risk factors, independent of disease duration, the researchers suggest that patients with earlier-onset T1D should be offered cardioprotective medicines, such as statins and blood pressure-lowering drugs, much sooner than is the current practice.

See also:  How To Diagnose Type 1 Or Type 2 Diabetes?

“Increased efforts towards improved glycemia control and, where relevant, smoking cessation, in such individuals would also be beneficial,” they noted. “The study opens up the potential for individualized care,” Dr. Rawshani comments. “We know with certainty that if we maintain good blood sugar control in these patients, we can lower the risk of cardiovascular damage.

This makes it important to carefully consider both evidence-based medications and modern technological aids for blood sugar measurements and insulin administration in patients diagnosed with type 1 diabetes at an early age.” The results are particularly important from a patient’s perspective, he continues.

“Suddenly we can answer questions about complications and life expectancy that we were previously unable to answer. Now there is robust evidence that survival largely depends on the age at which the patient develops the disease, and that there is a difference between men and women.” The findings have major relevance in Sweden, where there are about 50,000–60,000 people with T1D, and where the majority of diagnoses are made in children aged 10–14 years.

The incidence of childhood diagnosis in the country is also increasing and is among the highest worldwide, with Sweden being second only behind Finland. “At the same time the study must also be viewed in the light of the tremendous progress that has been made in the past few decades,” Dr. Rawshani acknowledges.

“Management of type 1 diabetes is nowadays highly sophisticated, with modern tools for glucose monitoring, delivery of insulin and management of cardiovascular risk factors. Those who live with diabetes today, and those who will acquire the disease, will enjoy longer and healthier lives in the years to come.”

Can juvenile diabetes cause death?

2018-02-05 Editor’s Note: For support navigating life after a type 1 death, please visit Jesse Was Here, a unique program of Beyond Type 1, providing resources to spouses, siblings, grandparents and friends in need. I believe that generally, there is still a lot of confusion about type 1 diabetes,

  • There are many common misunderstandings, like it was caused by a bad habit (we ate too much sugar), or is an automatic diagnosis if a grandmother had some form of diabetes, often pronounced “diabeetus.” My own grandma actually called it “sugar-betes,” which definitely made my eyes roll, hard.
  • Another commonly used word in type 1 diabetes (T1D) conversation is the word “just.” Couldn’t you just do this,” “why can’t you just ” and “at least diabetes is just ” Now let’s talk about diabetic ketoacidosis ( DKA),

I have actually noticed when I use the term DKA, people don’t have say much because they know nothing about it. Diabetic ketoacidosis is a severe, life-threatening complication, mostly affecting type 1 diabetics. DKA can develop when your blood sugar is high and the insulin level is low.

  • The imbalance in the body causes a build-up of ketones, which are toxic.
  • If not treated, it can lead to a diabetic coma and death.
  • I was diagnosed at 8 years old with type 1 diabetes.
  • Fortunately, my mom was familiar with the symptoms and I was hospitalized with a blood sugar of around 27.8 mmol/L 500 mg/dl,

I had literally just moved to a new town, new house and was about to go to a new school. Now I had a new disease to tackle. Although my family was very supportive, we took the approach of “don’t act like anything is wrong” so that I didn’t feel isolated by T1D.

This eventually resulted in me treating my disease too casually. I certainly demanded independence right away; I wanted to inject myself, not call for help with every low blood sugar, and resisted extra help with the high blood sugars. I was quite defensive when anyone asked what my blood sugars were, as I felt like I was failing if I wasn’t in perfect range.

This created a roller coaster regarding the control of my health, which I could probably write a novel about, but that will come later. One vivid memory for me is a night I was vomiting in my bedroom (about 12 years old), too weak to even get out of bed, and my older brother Nick was just staring at me with panic, but silent.

  • My mom forced me to the ER and I was in DKA; I got the IV fluids, and the shame from the ER doctor that scolded me about every future complication I could develop if I did not take my disease seriously.
  • The harsh reality of this disease was clear, yet became more of a silencer for me than anything.
  • Later in my college years, and I believe I racked up about three hospitalizations from DKA.

Reflecting on those years now, I am horrified that I didn’t communicate a more specific “emergency plan” with anyone in charge. I luckily made some pretty awesome friends that were beyond supportive of me, but I even lived in my own apartment for a few years (with independent woman goals) and didn’t let site manager know I had T1D. What Is Juvenile Diabetes My older (by about 2.5 years) brother Nick would ask my mom why the DKA was so serious, and why I’d be in the hospital for so long, and isn’t it “just” like a flu. Even though I shared an extraordinary relationship with my brother, my T1D wasn’t talked about much growing up.

I was defensive, shameful and sometimes just stubborn. So I didn’t share all the details, at least not until he was diagnosed with T1D at the age of 22. I can tell you exactly where I was sitting and the weather for the day and the model of cell phone I had, when Nick called me and said, “I cannot believe what you have been going through all these years.

My little sister has just been a badass since you were little and I’m over here complaining about a test strip.” I laughed out loud, swelled with pride and emotion, deflated with relief, and we talked for an hour about all the complaints the disease presents.

  1. My brother was the first person I whole-heartedly opened up to about my disease that had any idea what I was talking about, and related to the daily struggles like nobody else.
  2. I felt guilty for having a sense of relief, because of course I didn’t want him to have the disease, but I had 11 years of T1D conversation to be had.

We often joked about his honeymoon phase because he had to take very little insulin and sort of had that unicorn status for awhile, but I also felt sorrow because I knew too well how complicated the disease gets. We soon had the reoccurring conversation of how insanely unfair the prices of supplies were, and made a habit of calling each other after every visit to the pharmacy to compare our bills.

Nick had moved to Minnesota, started a new career, and didn’t have medical insurance. His bill beat mine every time, and it made me sick. While struggling with the control of my T1D in my twenties, I was lucky enough to find the man of my dreams. I was forced to talk about my disease with him when he opened a drawer of probably a hundred syringes I hadn’t deposited into a sharps container yet.

What is Juvenile Diabetes

Imagine his surprise! He actually took a devoted interest in the details, and offered more support and encouragement than I even knew possible. A few years later, we were engaged to be married at a magazine-worthy winery in California, and my life felt better than ever.

Nick had recently called me after trying on his tux with his young son and ring bearer, and that call seemed to make everything very real for the wedding. Nick’s family would be flying out and staying for a week, and I just couldn’t have been more excited to celebrate this marriage with everyone. On a Sunday evening in February, my best friend and I were assembling my wedding invitations when Nick called to check in, as he often did.

He sounded tired and briefly mentioned he hadn’t felt good for a few days. Distracted by my wedding, I quickly told him to take care of himself, I told him I loved him and would call him soon. A short few days later, I received a call at work from his girlfriend (and mother of their children) saying Nick was in the hospital in a coma.

Paralyzed with disbelief and panic, I tried to wrap my head around the situation. I don’t remember every detail of the conversation as all I could think about was the coma; but eventually figured out that Nick had a severe stomach flu for a few days, became extremely dehydrated and suffered a heart attack.

The paramedics revived him on the floor of his home, and at the hospital the doctors would be performing a cooling method to reduce brain swelling and he should be waking up in the next few days. Did I mention my parents were out of town in a “hard to reach” area with little reception? That night as I lay restless in bed, I was figuring out how to get to the hospital in Minnesota before he woke up so I could give him one hell of a hard time for being so dramatic over a flu.

  1. I imagined his infectious smile, and the embrace we would share.
  2. The next morning, I actually went to work in slight denial.
  3. I thought I’d get some stuff done and let my work family know what was going on and why I’d be flying to Minnesota soon.
  4. I wasn’t at work for more than 10 minutes when I got the call from Nick’s girlfriend telling me the doctors had misinterpreted his condition, and the dreaded phrase “there is nothing they can do.” He would be on life support until family arrived.
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I fell hard to my knees and a scream escaped me that only tragedy can create. My parents, fiancé and I made the impossibly long flight to Minnesota from California, with an unexpected and gut wrenching flight delay. We finally made it to the hospital, and the first time I saw Nick, he actually looked healthy.

  1. Other than the expected medical devices hooked up, he didn’t even look in really bad shape.
  2. That night, I held his hand tight for as long as I can remember, begging him to wake up, I swear a trillion times.
  3. The doctors explained that he had lost too much oxygen to his brain from his heart attack, and was completely brain dead.

Per our wishes, they could conduct another test in the morning to check for any brain activity. We prayed with every fiber of our beings for a miracle. The test offered no miracle, and now we were surrounding his bed interlocking hands, with his pastor reciting final prayers.

  • Nick passed away on February 27, 2009.
  • I have haunting memories of the final steps out of the hospital, down a cold, dark hallway, with too many doors that slammed closed behind us, leaving Nick behind, and my mom and I held each other up one step at a time.
  • When the doors opened to outside, the frigid cold of a Minnesota winter slapped me in the face and the deep breath I took was physically hard to swallow as my tears painfully stung my eyes.

I thought it should be impossible for the sun to shine in the darkness of death. The cause of death was determined DKA. The doctors and nurses expressed their surprise by Nick’s outcome considering how healthy he was. They had “never seen anything quite like this.” We were able to donate his organs, even his heart.

  1. I like to think the heart recipient gained Nick’s sense of humor, strong soul, love of a loud bass line, incredible dance moves and the charisma that defined his spirit.
  2. Two funerals later (in Minnesota and California), more details emerged of the sequence of tragic events.
  3. Basically, Nick thought he had the stomach flu, as he did a few weeks prior and fought it off.

However, this turned severe quickly. He was throwing up often, had unstable blood sugars from insulin resistance, and had asked to be taken to the hospital moments before suffering his heart attack. He didn’t have medical insurance, and there was hesitation in getting him to a doctor or the hospital because of it.

  • The thought that no insurance, or more specifically, money, wasted precious time, or even worried my brother and his family for the time he was suffering, sickens me.
  • I also struggle with the thought that this death was likely preventable.
  • I suffered and survived from DKA countless times in my 26 years with T1D.

I can’t help to think “if he got to a hospital sooner, he’d still be here,” because I’m here to write this DKA story. Did he even know the severity of dehydration and DKA? I should’ve told him a million more times. If medical help was sought sooner, would he not have developed DKA, had a heart attack and died? I’d like to say yes, but we will never know.

What we do know is that the severity of DKA is deadly. We know that anyone with T1D needs to be prepared for an emergency, and loved ones, family, friends, teachers, co-workers, doctors, nurses and strangers need to be able to recognize signs and symptoms of DKA. We know we must be advocates for better education around DKA.

We know not to take this disease lightly. We know that too many lives have been taken from DKA. And most importantly to me, I know I will spend the rest of my life keeping Nick’s spirit alive for his two sweet children and I will advocate for DKA Awareness.

  1. I will fight my personal health battle with positivity, as this profound loss proves how sacred life is.
  2. In our often hectic, fast paced lives, take a moment to consider the countless ways you can provide support to someone.
  3. Whether it means educating yourself on what to do in case of an emergency or simply listening to a friend’s concerns, it may prevent a tragedy like this one.

Learn more about DKA in diagnosis and management.

How is juvenile diabetes diagnosed?

Diagnosis – There are several blood tests for type 1 diabetes in children. These tests are used to diagnose diabetes and to monitor diabetes management:

Random blood sugar test. This is the primary screening test for type 1 diabetes. A blood sample is taken at a random time. A blood sugar level of 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL), or 11.1 millimoles per liter (mmol/L), or higher, along with symptoms, suggests diabetes. Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test. This test indicates your child’s average blood sugar level for the past 3 months. An A1C level of 6.5% or higher on two separate tests indicates diabetes. Fasting blood sugar test. A blood sample is taken after your child hasn’t eaten (fasted) for at least 8 hours or overnight. A fasting blood sugar level of 126 mg/dL (7.0 mmol/L ) or higher suggests type 1 diabetes.

How is juvenile diabetes treated?

Taking Insulin – All kids and teens with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin so that glucose can get from their blood into their cells for energy. The care team will make an insulin schedule specifically for your child. Kids can get insulin:

  • By injection. Kids usually need 4 or more injections every day. An insulin needle is very tiny, and a shot isn’t very painful. The care team will teach you how to help your child cope with injections.
  • With an insulin pump. The pump continuously injects insulin through a small tube that is placed just under the skin.

The care team will teach you and your child how to do the injections or use the pump.

Can juvenile diabetes come on suddenly?

Can symptoms appear suddenly? – In people with type 1 diabetes, the onset of symptoms can be very sudden, while in type 2 diabetes, they tend to come about more gradually, and sometimes there are no signs at all. Symptoms sometimes occur after a viral illness.

In some cases, a person may reach the point of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) before a type 1 diagnosis is made. DKA occurs when blood glucose (blood sugar) is dangerously high and the body can’t get nutrients into the cells because of the absence of insulin. The body then breaks down muscle and fat for energy, causing an accumulation of ketones in the blood and urine.

Symptoms of DKA include a fruity odor on the breath, heavy, taxed breathing and vomiting. If left untreated, DKA can result in stupor, unconsciousness, and even death. People who have symptoms—of type 1 or of DKA—should contact their health care provider immediately for an accurate diagnosis.

  1. Eep in mind that these symptoms could signal other problems, too.
  2. Some people with type 1 have a “honeymoon” period, a brief remission of symptoms while the pancreas is still secreting some insulin.
  3. The honeymoon phase usually occurs after someone has started taking insulin.
  4. A honeymoon can last as little as a week or even up to a year.

But it’s important to know that the absence of symptoms doesn’t mean the diabetes is gone. The pancreas will eventually be unable to secrete insulin, and, if untreated, the symptoms will return.

Is juvenile diabetes reversible?

Dr. Yun Yan, Director of Endocrine Type 2 Diabetes Prevention Program Type 2 diabetes is a growing problem for our youth in this country. What was once considered an adult disease is now becoming more prevalent in children ages 10 to 18 years old. The good news is, it is preventable and reversible if it treated appropriately.

Is juvenile diabetes genetic?

Your child’s risk – If you are a man with type 1 diabetes, the odds of your child developing diabetes are 1 in 17, If you are a woman with type 1 diabetes and your child was born before you were 25, your child’s risk is 1 in 25 ; if your child was born after you turned 25, your child’s risk is 1 in 100,

Your child’s risk is doubled if you developed diabetes before age 11. If both you and your partner have type 1 diabetes, the risk is between 1 in 10 and 1 in 4, There is an exception to these numbers: about one in every seven people with type 1 diabetes has a condition called type 2 polyglandular autoimmune syndrome.

In addition to having diabetes, these people also have thyroid disease and a poorly working adrenal gland—some also have other immune system disorders. If you have this syndrome, your child’s risk of getting the syndrome and developing type 1 diabetes, is one in two,

  1. Researchers are learning how to predict a person’s odds of getting diabetes.
  2. For example, most white people with type 1 diabetes have genes called HLA-DR3 or HLA-DR4, which are linked to autoimmune disease.
  3. If you and your child are white and share these genes, your child’s risk is higher.
  4. Suspect genes in other ethnic groups are less well-studied; however, scientists believe the HLA-DR7 gene may put African Americans at risk, and the HLA-DR9 gene may put Japanese people at risk.
See also:  What Are The Risk Factors For Type 2 Diabetes?

An antibodies test can be done for children who have siblings with type 1 diabetes. This test measures antibodies to insulin, to islet cells in the pancreas or to an enzyme called glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD). High levels can indicate that a child has a higher risk of developing type 1 diabetes.

  • If you think your child might have type 1 diabetes, contact your doctor,
  • If a member of your family has type 1 diabetes, you may be eligible for a risk screening offered through the TrialNet Pathway to Prevention Study,
  • TrialNet risk screening is free to relatives of people with type 1, and uses a simple blood test that can detect your risk of type 1 diabetes years before symptoms appear.

If you are in the early stages of type 1 diabetes, you may also be eligible for a prevention study. Learn more about how to get screened.

Does chocolate cause diabetes?

Dark Chocolate and Diabetes: The Benefits of This Tasty Snack Hardly a day goes by without a media source advising us to “Eat a tomato each day for better skin,” “have a glass of red wine each night with dinner” — or some other dietary directive. Perhaps you’ve heard about the potential health benefits of dark chocolate and diabetes.

  • But is it true? Chocolate fans, rejoice! Yes, in fact, this snack could lower your diabetes risk according to,
  • Daily consumption of dark chocolate is associated with positive effects on insulin sensitivity and blood sugar — two key factors in developing diabetes.
  • But before you jump and start incorporating chocolate into meals, make sure you know the facts.

The Link Between Dark Chocolate and Diabetes The secret of how dark chocolate works against diabetes lies within the sweet snack’s makeup. Dark chocolate contains polyphenols, which are naturally occurring compounds that have antioxidant properties (which protect the body from damage caused by harmful molecules).

  • Polyphenols in dark chocolate may improve insulin sensitivity, or how well insulin works in the body.
  • This, in turn, may help control blood sugar, according to research published in Endocrine Abstracts,
  • Such improved insulin sensitivity may delay, or even prevent, the onset of diabetes.
  • A study published by the journal found that people who eat chocolate, including dark chocolate, at least once a week had a lower prevalence of diabetes and were at lower risk for diabetes four to five years later.

The analysis of 908 nondiabetic people and 45 people with diabetes discovered that people who ate such chocolate less than once weekly were at twice the risk of diabetes versus those who ate it more than one day per week. But what if you already have diabetes? Well, there may be some benefits of dark chocolate consumption for you, too.

  1. Research presented by ARYA Atherosclerosis analyzed people diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes who consumed 25 grams of either dark or white chocolate for eight weeks.
  2. Those who ate dark chocolate had lower blood pressure after eight weeks than those who ate white chocolate.
  3. The dark chocolate eaters also had decreased fasting blood sugar.

The Right Dark Chocolate For You So you’re ready to buy up your supermarket’s inventory of dark chocolate? Not all chocolate is created equal. Remember, it’s the polyphenol-rich dark chocolate that contains antioxidants, and the higher percentage of cocoa yields better health advantages, according to,

  1. Read the nutrition facts to ensure you’re getting most out of the snack.
  2. Experts at Bastyr recommend choosing a dark chocolate that has at least as much fiber as sugar.
  3. Also, check if the dark chocolate has been processed with alkali (the process that makes cocoa less bitter, but it eliminates the health properties in the chocolate).

Opt instead for a dark chocolate that has not been processed. Enjoy Dark Chocolate in Moderation Remember that consuming too much of a good thing may have negative effects. Commercial chocolate may add fat, sugar and calories to the candy. The medical center cautions that people with diabetes shouldn’t use chocolate as a way to, because the fat in chocolate prevents your glucose from rising quickly.

Does juvenile diabetes cause weight gain?

Type 1 diabetes: increased height and weight gains in early childhood – PubMed Objective: The accelerator/beta-cell stress hypothesis regards insulin resistance as one common basis for type 1 and type 2 diabetes and weight increase as an important trigger of type 1 diabetes. To test this hypothesis, we examined children’s height and weight gain from birth to the time of diagnosis of type 1 diabetes. Method: Growth charts (n = 316) from children 0-16 yr old up to the time of diagnosis of type 1 diabetes were compared with growth charts from age- and sex-matched controls. Results: Compared with their controls, children who developed diabetes had experienced more pronounced gain in both weight and height. In the year of diagnosis, they were taller and heavier (0.7 vs.0.45 SDS, p < 0.01). Children who developed diabetes aged 5 yr or less gained more weight during the period between their third month and third year of life (p < 0.01). Children who were diagnosed between 6 and 10 yr of age had gained more in height before they were 5 yr old (p < 0.05). Regression analysis showed that a high weight or a high body mass index (BMI) at 5 yr of age indicated, more than the other measurements, a high risk for diabetes later during childhood, while height and weight at ages less than 5 yr did not add any further information on diabetes risk. Conclusions: Rapid growth before 7 yr of age and increased BMI in childhood are risk factors for later type 1 diabetes. These findings support the accelerator/beta-cell stress hypothesis. : Type 1 diabetes: increased height and weight gains in early childhood - PubMed

What is the difference between juvenile diabetes and type 2 diabetes?

It used to be called juvenile diabetes because the condition is typically diagnosed in early childhood. Type 2 diabetes develops over years. It’s more commonly diagnosed in adults age 45 and older, though more children are being diagnosed with this disease in recent years.

Is type 2 diabetes a juvenile?

Risk factors – Researchers don’t fully understand why some children develop type 2 diabetes and others don’t, even if they have similar risk factors. However, it’s clear that certain factors increase the risk, including:

Weight. Being overweight is a strong risk factor for type 2 diabetes in children. The more fatty tissue children have — especially inside and between the muscle and skin around the abdomen — the more resistant their bodies’ cells become to insulin. Inactivity. The less active children are, the greater their risk of type 2 diabetes. Diet. Eating red meat and processed meat and drinking sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with a higher risk of type 2 diabetes. Family history. Children’s risk of type 2 diabetes increases if they have a parent or sibling with the disease. Race or ethnicity. Although it’s unclear why, certain people — including Black, Hispanic, American Indian and Asian American people — are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. Age and sex. Many children develop type 2 diabetes in their early teens, but it may occur at any age. Adolescent girls are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than are adolescent boys. Maternal gestational diabetes. Children born to women who had gestational diabetes during pregnancy have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Low birth weight or preterm birth. Having a low birth weight is associated with a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Babies born prematurely — before 39 to 42 weeks’ gestation —have a greater risk of type 2 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes in children is often associated with metabolic syndrome and polycystic ovarian syndrome.

How is juvenile diabetes treated?

Taking Insulin – All kids and teens with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin so that glucose can get from their blood into their cells for energy. The care team will make an insulin schedule specifically for your child. Kids can get insulin:

  • By injection. Kids usually need 4 or more injections every day. An insulin needle is very tiny, and a shot isn’t very painful. The care team will teach you how to help your child cope with injections.
  • With an insulin pump. The pump continuously injects insulin through a small tube that is placed just under the skin.

The care team will teach you and your child how to do the injections or use the pump.