What Can Make a Dog at Risk for Diabetes? –
Age, While diabetes can occur at any age, it mostly occurs in middle-aged to senior dogs. Most dogs who develop it are age 5 or older when diagnosed. Sex, Unspayed female dogs are twice as likely as male dogs to have diabetes. Chronic or repeated pancreatitis, Chronic or repeated pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas) can eventually cause extensive damage to that organ, resulting in diabetes. Obesity, Obesity contributes to insulin resistance and is a risk factor for pancreatitis, which can lead to diabetes. Steroid medications, These can cause diabetes when used long-term. Cushing’s disease, With Cushing’s disease, the body overproduces steroids internally, so this condition also can cause diabetes. Other health conditions, Some autoimmune disorders and viral diseases are also thought to possibly trigger diabetes. Genetics, Diabetes can occur in any breed or mixed-breed, and it seems genetics can play a role in either increased or reduced risk. A 2003 study found that overall, mixed-breeds are no less prone to diabetes than are purebreds. Among purebreds, breeds vary in susceptibility, some with very low risk and others with higher risk. Some that may be at higher risk include miniature Poodles, Bichons Frises, Pugs, Dachshunds, Miniature Schnauzers, Puli, Samoyeds, Keeshonds, Australian Terriers, Fox Terriers, Cairn Terriers, and Beagles.
How do you prevent diabetes in dogs?
How to Prevent Diabetes in Dogs – Ideally, prevention is the best cure for diabetes. Although you may not be able to entirely prevent diabetes in dogs, there are steps you can take now and in the future to ensure your dog is in the best possible health to avoid developing this disease.
- In fact, the best prevention tools are similar to the treatment options we’ve just discussed.
- First, feed your dog a healthy diet.
- A well-balanced diet can help your dog avoid diabetes.
- Second, make sure your dog gets enough exercise and don’t let him get overweight.
- Overweight dogs are more likely to get diabetes, so keeping your dog at a healthy weight can help prevent this and other weight-related diseases.
Third, take your dog for regular checkups. If your veterinarian suspects any issues or symptoms that could later develop into diabetes, he or she will be the best person to help guide you and provide strategies for keeping your dog in the best possible health.
Can dogs suddenly become diabetic?
What pets are at risk? – Diabetes in dogs and cats can occur at any age. However, diabetic dogs are usually 4-14 years of age and most are diagnosed at roughly 7-10 years of age. Most diabetic cats are older than 6 years of age. Diabetes occurs in female dogs twice as often as male dogs.
- Certain breeds of dogs may be predisposed to diabetes.
- Obesity is a significant risk factor for development of diabetes.
- As dogs and cats age, they may also develop other diseases that can result in diabetes or could significantly affect their response to treatment for diabetes, including overactivity of the adrenal gland in dogs (hyperadrenocorticsm) or overactivity of the thyroid gland in cats (hyperthyroidism), pancreatitis, heart disease, kidney disease, urinary tract infections and skin infections.
The long-term use of medications containing corticosteroids is also a risk factor for diabetes.
Can a dog recover from diabetes?
Diagnosing and Treating Diabetes in Pets Courage, a 10-year-old Dachshund with a graying muzzle, is usually fast on her feet—active and frisky despite her age. But soon after Thanksgiving, her family—siblings Michael and Donna and their parents—noticed Courage, or “Curry” for short, was drinking more water than usual, urinating more often and moping around the house.
Two days later, at the (AAH), Curry was diagnosed as diabetic. Curry’s symptoms are common among pets with diabetes, a disease that occurs when a body does not make enough or respond normally to insulin, a hormone manufactured by the pancreas that controls blood sugar levels. The precise frequency of diabetes in dogs and cats is not known and can vary depending on the breed, but it is seen in both species.
In dogs, diabetes is more common in females; in cats, it’s slightly more common in males. “Most diabetic dogs are similar to humans with Type 1 diabetes; their pancreas is unable to make enough insulin,” explains Dr. Louise Murray, vice president of AAH.
In dogs, the most common causes are a dysfunctional immune system that damages the pancreas, or pancreatic injury that occurs due to an inflammatory condition called pancreatitis.” Dr. Murray says canine diabetes can also occur as a side effect of medication, particularly steroids. It can also result from certain diseases like Cushing’s or an excess of certain hormones, which sometimes happens when a dog is not spayed.
Diabetes in felines, on the other hand, is more similar to Type 2 diabetes in humans. Its most common causes in cats: obesity and an excess of carbohydrates in the diet, which exhaust the pancreas. It can also occur in cats with pancreatitis or who are given steroids.
- Feline diabetes can be reversible with insulin administration, a high protein/low-carb diet and maintenance of a healthy weight, allowing the pancreas to rest and regain the ability to manufacture adequate insulin.
- But diabetes will recur if cats go back to an inappropriate diet.
- Unfortunately diabetes is not curable in dogs, and the vast majority of diabetic dogs require insulin injections for life once diagnosed.
However, addressing underlying causes, as well as spaying females and treating Cushing’s disease, can allow the diabetes to be more easily and successfully controlled. “Diabetic pets can have a wonderful quality of life if their owners commit to giving them twice-daily insulin injections and monitor them closely,” says Dr.
- Jill Pomrantz, an internist at AAH.
- After her diagnosis, Curry began receiving treatment is back to being her bubbly, high-spirited self.
- Donna, who has had experience with diabetic pets, administers Curry’s twice-daily insulin shots and monitors her glucose levels.
- I know this process is not fixed overnight, but she looks much better and is more energetic,” Donna says.
“The hardest part is not caving in to her pleas for treats all the time.” Curry loves celery, however, so that’s often provided as a substitute. Please visit our Pet Care section to learn more about diabetes in and, : Diagnosing and Treating Diabetes in Pets
Why do pets get diabetes?
What animals are likely to get diabetes? – Animals that are overweight or those with inflammation of the pancreas are predisposed to developing diabetes. Diabetes most commonly occurs in middle age to older dogs and cats. When diabetes occurs in young animals, it is often genetic and may occur in related animals. Diabetes mellitus occurs more commonly in female dogs and in male cats.
How long do dogs last with diabetes?
Average lifespan of dog with diabetes – Many dogs who show symptoms of diabetes and are diagnosed with it do not actually die from diabetes if given the proper treatment. In fact, if your dog lives past the first 3 to 4 months of being diagnosed and is not left untreated, both you and your furry friend can still spend lots of time together.
The median survival for dogs with diabetes is two years, and there are many who live much longer than that, provided that they receive proper treatment and are regularly assessed by the vet. Thus, dogs with diabetes generally live a full, happy life that is free of symptoms when given the proper treatment.
However, without treatment or insulin therapy, dogs who are suffering from diabetes mellitus are at high risk of developing complications such as diabetic ketoacidosis which can cause multi organ failure. Many dogs who pass away due to diabetes often do so because they were diagnosed late and/or before the disease could be regulated.
Can stress cause diabetes in dogs?
How could this disorder have happened? – If a diabetic dog undergoes a stress event of some kind, the body secretes stress hormones that interfere with appropriate insulin activity. Examples of stress events that can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis include infection, inflammation, and heart disease.
What are the warning signs of diabetes in dogs?
The early signs of diabetes in dogs include: –
Frequent urination (polyuria) Drinking more water than usual Excessive appetite (polyphagia) Sudden unexplained weight loss Vomiting Recurrent infections Poor coat Seizures Weakness/Lack of Energy
Do dogs with diabetes sleep a lot?
Lethargy or Fatigue – A diabetic animal will often be more tired than usual and show an unwillingness to participate in some of its regular activities. Diabetes can cause weakness in certain muscles in an animal, and since they may suffer from malnutrition, they will spend more time sleeping and less time being active.