How to Use Chinen Salt for Diabetes? – Knowing a lot about Chinen salt, you probably ask yourself now “does it really help? How do I use it?” Even though it is a herbal supplement, you shouldn’t overdo it. Adults are advised not to consume more than 10 milligrams of chinen salt per day. Here are some ways to consume Chinen salt:
As an alternative to table salt – Yes, you can use this salt to prepare your regular meals, but it’s not recommended that you do so. If you err on the side of caution, you may damage more than good. Mixing with salads – Salad, whether you have diabetes or not, is healthy. Your salad will have a vibrant taste and be healthy with a pinch of chinen salt. Mixing with drinks – Whether it’s fresh fruit juice or a milkshake, chinen salt will improve the taste of your drink and make it healthier. Chinensis capsules – Ideal for diabetics and people with heart conditions. Controlling your salt intake is easy with Chinen salt capsules.
NOTE: Before you choose to consume Chinen salt, it’s important to speak with your doctor to determine how much you should take.
What is the best salt to use for diabetics?
– Berberine chloride, the main active compound in chinen salt, is a type of salt that belongs to a group of chemical compounds known as alkaloids ( 1 ). Berberine has been shown to reduce blood sugar levels in both animals and people with type 2 diabetes ( 3, 4 ).
- Berberine is derived from many different plants.
- Notably, research on Chinese goldthread shows that it exerts anti-diabetes effects similar to those of berberine ( 5, 6, 7 ).
- The exact mechanisms by which berberine works aren’t fully understood.
- Yet, this compound may increase the secretion of insulin — a hormone that lowers blood sugar levels — and decrease insulin resistance.
It may also reduce glucose absorption and modulate gut bacteria that play a role in blood sugar regulation ( 7, 8 ). A meta-analysis of 14 randomized studies including people with type 2 diabetes found that, when combined with lifestyle modifications, berberine may significantly lower blood sugar levels compared with a placebo ( 9 ).
- The review also showed that berberine’s effectiveness was similar to that of metformin and other diabetes medications ( 9 ).
- However, these results should be interpreted with caution.
- Most relevant studies are of low quality and use small sample sizes.
- More extensive research, including a large-scale, randomized controlled trial on Chinese goldthread’s effectiveness, is needed ( 6, 9 ).
Summary Studies suggest that berberine, which is the main active compound in chinen salt, may help lower blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes. Nonetheless, more extensive research is needed.
How much salt should a diabetic have per day?
Journal List Diabetes Metab J v.40(4); 2016 Aug PMC4995182
Diabetes Metab J.2016 Aug; 40(4): 280–282. Excessive dietary sodium intake is a well-known risk factor of hypertension. A meta-analysis has shown that a reduction in dietary sodium intake can decrease high blood pressure, which is common in patients with diabetes. According to the Korean Diabetes Fact Sheet 2015, 62.5% of diabetics have hypertension, Therefore, to effectively control diabetes and hypertension and to prevent other related complications, changes to patients’ lifestyle, such as reducing dietary sodium intake, are needed. The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension diet, which fixed the threshold for daily sodium intake to <2,400 mg, has been reported to benefit patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), For example, a meta-analysis showed that dietary salt restriction attenuates diabetic kidney disease, The World Health Organization (WHO) and Korean Diabetes Association recommend a sodium intake of <2,000 mg/day. However, the benefits of low dietary sodium intake in patients with T2DM are still unclear, while some studies reported that reduced sodium intake resulted in albuminuria, cardiovascular diseases, and mortality, Kang et al. have contributed considerably to our understanding of the relationship between dietary sodium intake and diabetes. They analyzed data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2008 to 2010) and reported a correlation between dietary sodium intake and diabetes for 13,947 participants. They showed that the dietary sodium intake of all participants was higher than that recommended by the WHO, even if diabetics consumed less sodium compared to non-diabetics (4,910.2 mg/day vs.5,188.2 mg/day). In newly diagnosed diabetics, however, the dietary sodium intake was significantly higher than that of existing female diabetics and healthy individuals. In addition, higher dietary sodium intake was associated with an increased risk of hypercholesterolemia in diabetics, especially in males. The limitation of this study is that the data on dietary sodium intake were obtained by the 24-hour dietary recall method; however, given the number of participants, these findings are still significant. Physician-prescribed lifestyle changes are needed to effectively control diabetes and hypertension. In agreement with the data from a study performed in the United States, these results reveal that patient education immediately after diagnosis might affect long-term dietary sodium intake habits. Although this study does not prove the existence of a causal relationship between sodium intake and diabetes, several studies indicate that high salt intake relates to obesity, a major risk factor of diabetes. A possible mechanism of high salt intake relates to obesity is that dietary salt is palatable, leading to greater food and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption, and thus increased calorie intake, In addition, several reports demonstrate an association between sodium intake and obesity. Yoon and Oh reported that high sodium intake increases the risk of obesity independently of calorie intake. Likewise, Ma et al. reported that dietary salt intake is high in overweight and obese individuals, associated with a higher body fat mass after adjusting for age, sex, ethnicity, and calorie intake. These findings suggest that high dietary sodium intake, independent of the calorie count, is a risk factor for obesity. Several studies also demonstrated an association between high dietary sodium intake and T2DM, as reported in an adult Finnish population, Furthermore, Zhao et al. illustrated that sodium intake regulates glucose homeostasis through peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) δ/adiponectin/sodium-glucose transporter (SGLT) 2 pathway. High sodium intake increases adiponectin level through the activation of adipose PPARδ, and the enhanced adiponectin downregulates renal SGLT2, resulting in natriuresis and glycosuria. However, this mechanism is impaired in diabetes, These results indicate that a high salt intake leads to obesity and metabolic syndromes such as diabetes. Regardless of the adverse effects of a high sodium diet, there are also concerns about the low range of sodium intake, because a low sodium intake can lead to adverse outcomes. The American Heart Association has set the recommended intake of sodium to 1,500 mg/day for diabetics, However, several studies reported that low dietary sodium intake increases albuminuria and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, These results suggest that physicians should generally be cautious when recommending a daily sodium intake of 1,500 mg/day. Recently, Suckling et al. reported a modest reduction in dietary sodium intake in patients with T2DM in accordance with WHO guidelines, resulting in a reduction of blood pressure and albuminuria without changing the fasting glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin levels. Although additional studies are needed to clarify this debate, these findings support the practice of physicians reducing dietary sodium intake to a recommended level in diabetics. In summary, the sodium level is high in Korean diet, and dietary sodium intake is higher in newly diagnosed diabetics. The WHO has proposed a global action plan for the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases, and a reduction in dietary sodium intake by 30% is one of its goals, Therefore, additional studies are needed to clarify the relationship between dietary sodium intake and diabetes. Patient education on the adverse effects of a high dietary sodium intake is also needed to prevent hypertension and diabetes.
Is chinen salt the same as berberine?
What Is Chinen Salt? – Chinen salt is a Himalayan salt with a high concentration of medicinal berberine. It’s made from the herb Coptis Chinensis, from which the word “Chinen salt” comes from. Coptis Chinensis is primarily composed of berberine, but it also includes iron, sodium chloride, sodium nitrate, and monosodium glutamate.
Is chinen salt the same as himalayan pink salt?
What Is the Difference Between Chinen and Himalayan Salt? – You must be wondering, is Chinen Salt the same as Himalayan salt? The answer is No, Chinen salt is totally different from pink Himalayan rock salt, Chinen salt’s main constituting agent is berberine chloride that is obtained from the herb Coptis Chinensis or Golden Thread.
- It is a mixture of sodium nitrate and sodium chloride.
- Whereas, Himalayan salt is obtained through the mining of rock salt deposits located in Pakistan.
- It is an unrefined salt containing 98% sodium chloride and 2% other minerals and elements,
- Even though both salts have similar reddish-pink colors, you shouldn’t confuse Chinen salt with Himalayan salt.
The only similarity between Chinen salt and Himalayan salt is the origin. The berberine plant is found in the Himalayan mountain range in China and Himalayan salt is obtained from the foothills of the Himalayan range in Pakistan, Edible Himalayan salt is a very well-known ingredient for seasoning food, but we can not say the same about Chinen salt.
- Do not get confused by the name of Chinen salt because it is not regular salt.
- It can be used as a supplement for diabetic patients but not for seasoning regular meals.
- These supplements are usually available in the form of pills, powder, or liquid extracts.
- Both the Chinen and Himalayan salt are enriched with many essential minerals and come with various health benefits to prevent high blood pressure.
Moreover, these salts boost the health of the cardiovascular system and regulate other body functions. Yes, both the Chinen and Himalayan salt are natural and don’t need any processing or preservatives to prevent clumping. Moreover, you can enjoy the medicinal and healing benefits of these salts.
Does salt bring down blood sugar?
Reduce your risk – Although salt does not affect blood glucose levels, it’s important to limit the amount you eat as part of your diabetes management because too much salt can raise your blood pressure. People with diabetes are more likely to be affected by high blood pressure, which increases the risk of heart disease, stroke and kidney disease.
What is worse for diabetes sugar or salt?
Weighing the Results – So which is worse? Americans consume about 1 ½ times the amount of sodium they need and seven times the limit of added sugar. So sugar may be the biggest concern because it’s the biggest problem. Sugar is also linked to a host of other health concerns beyond high blood pressure and the heart.
Historically, doctors have focused on limiting sodium to control blood pressure but more recently we’re seeing emerging research that shows added sugars can raise blood pressure and overall are dangerous to heart health in other ways,” said Dr. Dubuque. “Average sodium intake has remained somewhat stable over the years even as cardiovascular disease has grown, but people are getting an unprecedented amount of sugar in their diet.
There’s a lot of room for improvement.”
How much salt should a Type 2 diabetic have?
How Much Salt Is Safe to Eat When You Have Type 2 Diabetes? – Salt and sodium may seem like the same thing, but they’re not. Sodium refers to the natural element, which is a mineral. Salt, on the other hand, contains 40 percent sodium by weight, according to the AHA,
Still, you can think about lowering your salt or sodium; both will do your heart good. Reducing how much sodium you consume may be a big player in lowering your risk of high blood pressure and thus heart disease, notes the AHA, Research has also found that restricting sodium significantly lowers systolic blood pressure (the first number) by about 5.5 points and diastolic blood pressure (the bottom number) by 1.6 points, according to a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials in Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases in June 2021,
The American Diabetes Association recommends people with diabetes limit their sodium intake to 2,300 milligrams (mg), which is 1 teaspoon (tsp) of table salt per day, though just 7 percent of people with diabetes met these guidelines, according to a study in Nutrition & Diabetes in June 2020,
- That said, some experts recommend lowering it even further.
- People with diabetes should strive to consume only 1,500 mg of sodium daily,” or ¼ tsp of salt, says Lori Zanini, RD, CDCES, author of Eat What You Love Diabetic Cookbook in Dana Point, California.
- Because recommendations vary per person, consult your doctor to find out which limit is best for you.
It may seem difficult to think about sodium when you’re already so focused on making sure you’re getting an okay amount of carbs at each meal or snack. With more to keep track of, it can throw you for a loop, but it’s completely doable, and most important, it’s worth it.
- The encouragement I provide to my clients is that all individuals can benefit from eating this way, whether or not you have diabetes.
- This is simply a healthy eating plan,” says Zanini.
- While there’s some controversy around whether healthy adults should monitor their sodium intake, this is crucial for people with diabetes.
The No.1 source of salt isn’t from your salt shaker: It’s eating out at restaurants and the like. In fact, 70 percent of sodium intake was found in restaurant and processed foods, according to a study published in May 2017 in the journal Circulation,
“The best advice is to eat more at home. Preparing meals at home and limiting the amount of times you dine out every week will drastically cut back on your sodium intake,” Zanini says. “I like to say, ‘If it comes in a bag, box, or through a window, there’s a good chance there’s going to be a significant amount of salt added to that food,'” she adds.
RELATED: The Best and Worst Foods to Eat in a Type 2 Diabetes Diet
Should I take berberine instead of metformin?
Should I take berberine instead of metformin? Berberine is sometimes called a metformin substitute or metformin alternative. Studies have shown that berberine may be used to replace metformin, at least partially. However, you should not stop taking metformin without talking to your doctor first.
Can berberine damage the liver?
Table 2 – Dose dependent effects of berberine and sanguinarine.
|1||50 mg/kg of Berberine sulfate||Affects the gastrointestinal track by inducing diarrhea in rats.||Kulkarni et al., 1972|
|2||50/100 mg/kg of berberine sulfate for||Causes hemorrhagic inflammatory problems in both small and large intestine after 10 days of exposure in cats.||Lampe, 1992|
|3||100 mg/kg of berberine||Evokes vomiting (6–8 h) and caused death in cats (8–10 days).||Lampe, 1992|
|4||10 mg/kg of berberine||Reduces blood cell count (leukocytes, neutrophils, lymphocytes), spleen weight, generation/differentiation of B- and T-cells and splenic CD19+ B-cells, CD4 + and CD8 + T-cells (cellular and humoral immune functions).||Mahmoudi et al., 2016|
|5||5 mg/kg of berberine||Influence the proliferation of lymphocytes and delayed-type hypersensitivity response.||Mahmoudi et al., 2016|
|6||50, 100 and 150 mg/kg of berberine||Induces liver tissue damages.||Zhou et al., 2008|
|7||10 mg/kg of sanguinarine||Increase the activity of SGPT and SGOT as well as it was responsible for the hepatotoxicity and drastic loss in microsomal cytochrome P-450 and benzphetamine N-demethylase activity.||Dalvi, 1985|
|8||IC 50 value of 0.9 μM of sanguinarine||Decreases the cell viability in human gingival fibroblasts and triggers mouse embryonic stem cell (ESC) apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner.||Malikova et al., 2006a|
|9||0.5–2 μM of sanguinarine||Induces apoptosis and exert negative effect on the mouse embryonic development.||Vrba et al., 2009|
Sub-chronic toxicity of berberine has reported to damages lung and liver by increasing alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST), significantly (Ning et al., 2015 ). In another study on mosquito larvae of Aedes atropatpus, effects of berberine showed chronic toxicity and significantly increased cumulative mortality (Philogene et al., 1984 ). Another study has revealed that in diabetic rats after 16 weeks of berberine administration at concentrations >50, 100, and 150 mg/kg induces liver tissue damages but these symptoms do not appear in healthy rats (Zhou et al., 2008 ). Berberine in ApoE-/- mice evokes atherosclerosis after IP treatment for 15 weeks with 5 mg/kg/day (Li et al., 2009 ). Further, exposure to berberine results into uterine contraction and also may lead to teratogenic effects (the substances responsible for inducing developmental toxicity in an organism from the time of conception till birth) (Table 2 ). Experimental studies validated by docking studies has been reported the mode of action (through hydrophobic interactions) and inhibitory effect of berberine against main neurological enzymes namely acetylcholinesterase (AChE), butyryl cholinesterase (BChE), and monoamine oxidase (MAO) (Ji and Shen, 2012 ). An LD50 of berberine that can inhibit AChE, BChE, MAO-A, and MAO-B are 0.44, 3.44, 126, and 98.2 μM, respectively (Ji and Shen, 2012 ). It was reported that treatment of 10 and 30 μM of berberine exposure to PC12 cells increased cyto-toxicity that was indicated by increase in apoptotic cell death. The in vitro (5 and 30 mg/kg, i.p. for 21days) and in vivo (10 and 30 μM up to 48 h) studies with berberine against 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) induced neuro-toxicity in rats and PC-12 cells, respectively, have demonstrated inhibition of dopamine biosynthesis, accompanied by reduced levels of norepinephrine (NE) and dopamine (DA) (Kwon et al., 2010 ).
How much berberine should a diabetic take daily?
How much berberine should I take? – For diabetes and blood sugar support, the recommended dose is 500 mg two or three times a day. It’s important to spread your dose out throughout the day because berberine has a short half-life in the body and taking it all at once might rob you of the full benefits.
What should a diabetic soak their feet in?
You can make an Epsom foot bath by adding one cup of Epsom salts to a tub of warm water. Soak your feet in this mixture for around twenty minutes for relief.
What is the healthiest salt in the world?
#4: Himalayan Pink Salt – Many people believe that the healthiest salt is Himalayan salt or pink Himalayan salt. Pink Himalayan salt does not come from the sea; rather, it is mined at the second largest salt mine in the world, located in the red rolling hills of the salt range in Khewra, Pakistan.
- Himalayan pink salt is typically used as a finishing salt because it has a beautiful color and large crunchy texture that imparts exquisite detail and unique appearance, flavor, and texture to dishes.
- The pink color of Himalayan salt is due to trace amounts of rust, which is iron oxide.
- Despite the fact that pink Himalayan salt is touted as the healthiest salt with many special health benefits, studies have not found any unique health benefits of this salt.
That’s not to say that Himalayan pink salt is unhealthy, but believing that you are eating a healthier salt is also probably a stretch. Note that there is also a pink salt that hails from salt mines in the Andes mountains. However, ambient pink salt is paler in color than Himalayan pink salt.
Does salt stimulate insulin?
In conclusion, increased salt sensitivity and decreased activity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system predict improved insulin sensitivity with high-salt intake compared with low-salt intake in men, suggesting an interaction among salt intake, salt sensitivity, the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, and
Why do diabetics crave salt?
What causes salt cravings? – We’re just used to it You might be craving salt because it’s simply ubiquitous in the American diet and, similar to sugar, your taste buds like what they’re used to. It might be surprising to hear that the highest sources of sodium intake don’t come from your salt shaker.
Rather, high daily sodium levels typically derive from eating out and packaged foods, often referred to as “hidden salt.” One study showed that dining out accounts for more than 70% of our sodium intake. Packaged foods (such as marinara sauce, deli meats, oatmeal, condiments, bread and cheese) also tend to be very high in sodium.
Poor sleep hygiene and stressful lifestyles Similar to why we crave sugar, stress and lack of sleep impact your hormone levels: released cortisol increases, leptin (the hormone that tells you when you’re full) decreases, ghrelin (the hunger hormone) and serotonin increase.
- A culmination of this imbalance means you’re likely to crave comfort food and have less control over what you’re eating.
- Exercise or excessive sweating Salt comes out of our body in two ways: through urine and perspiration.
- The act of sweating reduces the amount of sodium in your body and when you have lost too much sodium, your body will tell you by craving what it needs: something salty.
Restoring sodium levels, through electrolytes for example, can be a good option for competitive athletes or those who exercise intensely for more than an hour. Addison’s Disease/Adrenal Deficiency Also known as primary adrenal insufficiency, Addison’s disease is a rare hormonal disorder that results from low production of the cortisol and and aldosterone hormones.
What is the healthiest salt to use?
The main differences between sea salt and table salt are in their taste, texture and processing. Table salt is the granulated white salt seen in most saltshakers. Table salt is typically mined from underground deposits. It’s processed to remove other minerals.
- Table salt is commonly fortified with iodine, which is important for thyroid health.
- Sea salt is a general term for salt produced by evaporation of ocean water or water from saltwater lakes.
- It is less processed than table salt and retains trace minerals.
- These minerals add flavor and color.
- Sea salt is available as fine grains or crystals.
Sea salt is often promoted as being healthier than table salt. But sea salt and table salt have the same basic nutritional value. Sea salt and table salt contain comparable amounts of sodium by weight. Whichever type of salt you enjoy, do so in moderation.
What is the safest salt for high blood pressure?
Tips To Control High Blood Pressure Without Meds Lifestyle plays a pivotal role in managing your blood pressure levels. By just correcting our lifestyle you can avoid, delay or reduce the need for medication. Did you know? That weight-loss and belly-fat reduction are linked to your BP? Blood pressure is often proportional to weight.
- In some cases it is also related to disrupted breathing while you sleep, often known as sleep apnea, which further raises your blood pressure.
- One may reduce blood pressure by about 1 mm Hg with each 1 kg (about 2.2 pounds) of weight you lose.
- That a regular exercise routine can work wonders for your BP? Regular physical activity starting from 30 minutes of walk and lasting to 60 – 150 min gymming, jogging etc can lower your blood pressure by about 5 to 8 mm Hg if you have high blood pressure.
Some of the exercise type like aerobic, walking, jogging, cycling, swimming, dancing, also high-intensity interval training, That a diet rich in potassium will help you control your BP? Diet rich in whole grains, fruits, vegetables and low-fat dairy products and skimps on saturated fat and cholesterol is best for it.
This eating plan is also known as the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet. Consider boosting potassium levels in the body which includes fruits and vegetables, coconut water, lemon etc. Try to avoid table salt specifically in raw form. Better to go for Himalayan salt or rock salt instead of it.
That cutting down on sodium in your diet is the best way to maintain your BP? Even a small reduction in the sodium in your diet can improve blood pressure by about 5 to 6 mm Hg. As per RDA daily sodium requirement is 2,300 milligrams (mg) a day or less.
Here are some tips for reducing sodium intake: start reading food labels, choose low-sodium alternatives of the foods and beverages. Eat fewer processed foods as most of sodium is added while processing for preservation. Don’t add extra salt from the top instead add herbs or spices to add flavour to your food.
That your alcohol intake is linked to your BP? Drinking more than moderate amounts of alcohol can actually raise blood pressure by several points. That every time you smoke your BP shoots up? Each cigarette you smoke increases your blood pressure for many minutes after you finish.
Stopping smoking helps your blood pressure return to normal. Quitting smoking can reduce your risk of heart disease and improve your overall health. People who quit smoking may live longer than people who never quit smoking. That coffee and BP are not a happy combo? Caffeine can raise blood pressure up to 10 mm Hg specifically through coffee.
But there is a case of resistance in which the excessive intake of coffee may have little or no effect on their blood pressure. That stress is your worst enemy? High level of stress may contribute to high blood pressure. That is why it is being said to take a break from work in a while to start with fresh.
What is the best salt to lower blood pressure?
Abstract – Background: The Himalayan salt (HS) has become a popular alternative for the traditional table salt (TS) due to its health benefit claims, particularly for individuals with arterial hypertension. However, despite the increase in HS consumption, there is still a lack of clinical evidence to support a recommendation for its consumption by health professionals. Objective: This cross-over study aimed to compare the impact of HS and TS intake on systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and urinary sodium concentration in individuals with arterial hypertension. Methods: This study recruited 17 female patients with arterial hypertension who ate out no more than once a week. Participants were randomized into two groups, to receive and consume either HS or TS. Before and after each intervention, participants had their blood pressure measured and urine collected for mineral analysis. A p-value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: There were no statistically significant differences before and after the HS intervention for DBP (70mmHg vs.68.5mmHg; p=0.977), SBP (118.5 mmHg vs.117.5 mmHg; p= 0.932) and sodium urinary concentration (151 mEq/24h vs.159 mEq/24; p=0.875). Moreover, the between-group analysis showed no significant differences after the intervention regarding SBP (117mmHg vs 119 mmHg; p=0.908), DBP (68.5 mmHg vs.71mmHg; p= 0,645) or sodium urinary concentration (159 mEq/24h vs.155 mEq/24h; p=0.734). Conclusion: This study suggests that there are no significant differences on the impact of HS consumption compared to TS on blood pressure and sodium urinary concentration in individuals with arterial hypertension. Fundamento: O sal do Himalaia (SH) tornou-se uma alternativa popular para o sal de mesa (SM) devido às suas alegações de benefícios à saúde, principalmente para indivíduos com hipertensão arterial. Porém, apesar do aumento do consumo de SH, ainda faltam evidências clínicas que sustentem a recomendação de seu consumo por profissionais de saúde. Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo comparar o impacto da ingestão de SH e SM sobre a pressão arterial sistólica (PAS), pressão arterial diastólica (PAD) e concentração de sódio urinário em indivíduos com PA. Métodos: Este estudo recrutou 17 pacientes do sexo feminino com hipertensão arterial que comiam fora de casa no máximo uma vez por semana. Os participantes foram divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos, para receber e consumir SH ou SM. Antes e depois de cada intervenção, os participantes tiveram sua pressão arterial medida e urina coletada para análise mineral. Um valor de p <0,05 foi considerado estatisticamente significativo. Resultados: Não houve diferenças estatisticamente significativas antes e depois da intervenção SH para PAD (70 mmHg vs.68,5 mmHg; p = 0,977), PAS (118,5 mmHg vs.117,5 mmHg; p = 0,932) e concentração urinária de sódio (151 mEq / 24h vs.159 mEq / 24; p = 0,875). Além disso, a análise entre os grupos não mostrou diferenças significativas após a intervenção em relação a PAS (117 mmHg vs 119 mmHg; p = 0,908), PAD (68,5 mmHg vs 71 mmHg; p = 0,645) ou concentração urinária de sódio (159 mEq / 24h vs 155 mEq / 24h; p = 0,734). Conclusão: Este estudo sugere que não há diferenças significativas no impacto do consumo de SH em relação ao SM na PA e concentração urinária de sódio em indivíduos com hipertensão arterial.