Managing Diabetes – Unlike many health conditions, diabetes is managed mostly by you, with support from your health care team:
Primary care doctor Foot doctor Dentist Eye doctor Registered dietitian nutritionist Diabetes educator Pharmacist
Also ask your family, teachers, and other important people in your life for help and support. Managing diabetes can be challenging, but everything you do to improve your health is worth it! If you have type 1 diabetes, you’ll need to take insulin shots (or wear an insulin pump) every day.
- Insulin is needed to manage your blood sugar levels and give your body energy.
- You can’t take insulin as a pill.
- That’s because the acid in your stomach would destroy it before it could get into your bloodstream.
- Your doctor will work with you to figure out the most effective type and dosage of insulin for you.
You’ll also need to do regular blood sugar checks, Ask your doctor how often you should check it and what your target blood sugar levels should be. Keeping your blood sugar levels as close to target as possible will help you prevent or delay diabetes-related complications,
- Stress is a part of life, but it can make managing diabetes harder.
- Both managing your blood sugar levels and dealing with daily diabetes care can be tougher to do.
- Regular physical activity, getting enough sleep, and exercises to relax can help.
- Talk to your doctor and diabetes educator about these and other ways you can manage stress.
Healthy lifestyle habits are really important too:
Making healthy food choices Being physically active Controlling your blood pressure Controlling your cholesterol
Make regular appointments with your health care team. They’ll help you stay on track with your treatment plan and offer new ideas and strategies if needed.
Can type 1 diabetes be controlled by diet?
How to enjoy a healthy type 1 diabetes diet – There’s no such thing as a ‘diabetic diet’ for type 1. Your diet should include making healthier food choices that are lower in saturated fat, sugar and salt. Doing this will help you to:
control blood fatscontrol blood pressuremaintain a healthy weight.
This can also help to reduce your risk of diabetes complications, including heart disease and stroke. As with any lifestyle changes, making gradual and realistic changes over a longer period of time is more likely to lead to success. See a registered dietitian for specific advice and an eating plan that is tailored to your individual needs and lifestyle.
- Your diet and insulin If you are using a basal bolus insulin regime, injecting several times a day, or you’re on an insulin pump then it’s possible to be much more flexible in how many carbs you can eat and when.
- Most people who follow this regime will count the carbohydrates that they eat and drink, and then calculate how much insulin they need to take.
The amount of insulin will be adjusted depending on how much carbohydrate they are eating and other factors, such as physical activity, blood sugar levels or illness. This can let you be more flexible with your food choices and meal times, without compromising your blood glucose control.
If you are on a twice-daily fixed insulin regimen you need to have regular meal times and eat roughly the same carbohydrate portion at these meals from day to day. More carbohydrate than usual can cause blood glucose levels to go too high. In contrast, eating less carbs than usual can cause a hypo. I think carb counting has been one of the most beneficial things for managing my diabetes along with managing my insulin to cover food before eating.
Read Pauline’s story about how she’s learnt to manage type 1 diabetes.
Which fruit is good for type 1 diabetes?
The Best Fruits for People With Diabetes – Two to three servings of fruit a day is recommended, and that can is true for people with diabetes, too. “If you combine fruit with a fat or protein, it will help you feel fuller and help with that portion control,” Fienman says.
berries — Both citrus and berries are recommended as superfoods by the American Diabetes Association. cherries plums grapefruit peaches apples — High fiber fruits like apples and pears help to slow a spike in blood sugar, Rose says. pears kiwi oranges
Is Type 2 Diabetes Reversible? We Asked the Experts Browse all of our Diabetes-Friendly Recipes, 15 Diabetes-Friendly Breakfast Recipes to Start Your Day Off Right
Can a type 1 diabetes pancreas start working?
Researchers have discovered that patients with type 1 diabetes can regain the ability to produce insulin. They showed that insulin-producing cells can recover outside the body. Type 1 diabetes is a serious disease that affects many children and adolescents.
The disease causes the pancreas to stop producing insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels. When blood sugar levels are too high, the smallest blood vessels in the body eventually become damaged. This can lead to serious health problems further down the line, including heart attacks, stroke, blindness, kidney failure and foot amputations.
Professor Knut Dahl-Jørgensen and doctoral student Lars Krogvold are leading a research project, (DiViD), in which they want to ascertain among other things whether a virus in the pancreas might cause type 1 diabetes. They have previously discovered viruses in hormone-producing cells, the so-called islets of Langerhans, in the pancreas. Lars Krogvold, doctoral student at the University of Oslo and paediatrician at Oslo University Hospital. Photo: Private
Can type 1 diabetes be controlled without insulin?
In this feature, we’ll be asking questions posted by members of the Diabetes Forum. This week, the question is: ” Can I go insulin-free as someone with type 1 diabetes? ” The short answer is no. But this article isn’t the short answer. So let’s take a look at what would happen if you tried to go insulin -free with type 1 diabetes, and why it’s a bad idea.
We’ll start with the basics. When we eat, food is broken down into glucose. The glucose goes into our blood, When the cells need energy, glucose in transported from the blood to the cells. The hormone responsible for transporting the glucose is called insulin, So when a person without type 1 diabetes has high blood glucose levels, the body produces more insulin to keep blood glucose levels at an even keel.
Type 1 diabetes occurs when the immune system attacks the cells in the pancreas that are responsible for producing insulin. Thinking that the insulin-producing cells are foreign invaders, the trigger-happy immune system destroys them. As a result, people with type 1 diabetes have to inject insulin.
- We need insulin.
- If you don’t have it, your blood glucose levels will spiral out of control.
- Every time you eat, they will get higher and higher.
- Out of control blood glucose levels can make you feel tired, thirsty, hungry, make you need to wee all the time and give you blurred vision,
- High blood glucose levels are responsible for complications, both short and long term.
If you regularly have high blood glucose levels, they will cause damage to various parts of your body – from the eyes to the heart to the kidneys to the brain, If you have really high blood glucose levels, you might be exposed to short-term complications.
There are two major ones: diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome, which we will refer to as HHNS. DKA is the one that commonly affects people with type 1 diabetes. We’ve already established that a lack of insulin means high blood glucose levels, but it also means that glucose isn’t going to cells.
You’re eating, but the energy isn’t going where it needs to go. It’s just sitting there. So how do we get energy, if there’s no glucose going to the blood? The body burns fat reserves. This is why people usually lose a lot of weight before being diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. The process of burning fat produces an acidic substance called ketones,
- A small amount of ketones is no big deal.
- Most of us burn some fat overnight, and the ketones create the phenomenon of “morning breath.” But a lot of ketones is a bad thing.
- The ketones get into your blood, causing a state called ketoacidosis.
- That’s the unpleasant truth of it: not having any insulin turns your blood into acid, and it’s this condition that we called diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA).
Symptoms of DKA include vomiting, dehydration, a weird fruity smell on your breath, rapid heartbeat and confusion. If left untreated, it can lead to coma and even death. Many cases of type 1 diabetes go unnoticed until DKA kicks i, especially when it occurs in children.
- The kids obviously don’t know the symptoms of type 1, and their parents might not either, so the child’s blood glucose levels go up and up, unidentified as type 1 diabetes until things get serious.
- So that’s why people with type 1 diabetes cannot go “insulin free” no matter how carefully controlled their diet.
But it’s not a stupid question. Before the discovery of insulin, the only treatment for type 1 diabetes was the “starvation diet” which consisted of an extremely low-calorie diet and regular exercise, It extended the lives of diabetes patients, but not by much, and they didn’t live particularly nice lives.