How Many People In The Uk Have Diabetes?

How Many People In The Uk Have Diabetes
Diabetes Prevalence 2019 Prevalence refers to the number of people currently diagnosed with diabetes. There are 3.9 million people who have been diagnosed with diabetes in the UK.

Prevalence 2018-19
England 3,319,266
Northern Ireland 99,833
Scotland 301,523
Wales 198,883
UK 3,919,505

What percentage of the UK population is diabetic?

UK diabetes prevalence – Currently, the number of people with diabetes in the UK is estimated to be 4.8 million It is predicted that up to 1,000,000 people in the UK have diabetes that is yet to be diagnosed. This means that, including the number of undiagnosed people, there is estimated to be over 4.8 million people living with diabetes in the UK at present.

How many people have diabetes in the UK

Country Number of People
England 3,319,266
Northern Ireland 99,833
Scotland 301,523
Wales 198,883

The majority of these cases are of type 2 diabetes, which has been linked to increasing cases of obesity Statistics suggest that a slightly higher proportion of adult men have diabetes. Men account for 56 per cent of UK adults with diabetes and women account for 44 per cent.

What percentage of UK adults have type 2 diabetes?

Diabetes is one of the most common chronic diseases in the UK, and its prevalence is increasing. In 2018–2019 there were 3,919,505 people diagnosed with diabetes. About 90% of adults currently diagnosed have type 2 diabetes.

How many people in the UK are Type 1 diabetic?

Quick facts about type 1 diabetes –

Approximately 400,000 people are currently living with type 1 diabetes in the UK, including around 29,000 children. The number of new diagnoses of type 1 diabetes (also known as the incidence) is increasing by about four per cent each year. In children under five, the incidence of type 1 diabetes is rising by five per cent each year. Among children with diabetes in England and Wales, 96 per cent have type 1 diabetes. Around 85 per cent of people diagnosed with type 1 diabetes have no family history of the condition. Although it used to be referred to as ‘juvenile diabetes’, around half of newly diagnosed cases of type 1 diabetes are in people over the age of 18. The UK has one of the highest rates of type 1 diabetes in the world, for reasons that are currently unknown. A person with type 1 diabetes will have around 65,000 injections and measure their blood glucose more than 80,000 times in their lifetime.

Why is diabetes increasing in the UK?

‘Alarming’ rise in type 2 diabetes among UK under-40s The number of people under 40 in the UK being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes is rising at a faster pace than the over-40s, according to “shocking” and “incredibly troubling” data that experts say exposes the impact of soaring obesity levels.

  1. According to the World Health Organization.
  2. On obesity rates alone, the UK is third after Turkey and Malta.
  3. The growing numbers of overweight and obese children and young adults across the UK is now translating into an “alarming acceleration” in type 2 diabetes cases among those aged 18 to 39, analysis by UK suggests.

There is a close association between obesity and type 2 diabetes. There is a seven times greater risk of type 2 diabetes in obese people compared with those of healthy weight, and a threefold increase in risk for those just overweight. The number of people under 40 in the UK diagnosed with type 2 diabetes has jumped 23% from about 120,000 in 2016-17 to 148,000 in 2020-21, according to Diabetes UK.

  • “This analysis confirms an incredibly troubling growing trend, underlining how serious health conditions related to obesity are becoming more and more prevalent in a younger demographic,” Chris Askew, the chief executive of Diabetes UK, said.
  • He added: “While it’s important to remember that type 2 diabetes is a complex condition with multiple other risk factors, such as genetics, family history and ethnicity, these statistics should serve as a serious warning to policymakers and our NHS.
  • “They mark a shift from what we’ve seen historically with type 2 diabetes and underline why we’ve been calling on the government to press ahead with evidence-based policies aimed at improving the health of our nation and addressing the stark health inequalities that exist in parts of the UK.”
  • Until recently, type 2 diabetes has been quite rare in people aged under 40, so many people – including healthcare professionals – do not always recognise the symptoms.
  • While the number of under-40s with the condition represent a small proportion of the total affected, it can have more severe and acute consequences in younger people and, without the right treatment and support, can lead to serious complications, Diabetes UK said.

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  1. Diabetes UK is encouraging those under 40 to check their risk of the disease using the free online tool on its website.
  2. The condition can have a devastating impact on people and their families – it is a leading cause of preventable sight loss and lower limb amputation, and increases the risk of kidney failure, heart attacks and strokes.
  3. There is strong evidence that type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed in those at risk, through improved quality of diet, an increase in physical activity and weight loss.

: ‘Alarming’ rise in type 2 diabetes among UK under-40s

Where is the highest rate of diabetes in the world?

China is the country with the highest number of diabetics worldwide, with around 141 million people suffering from the disease. By the year 2045, it is predicted that China will have around 174 million people with diabetes.

What is the average lifespan of a person with type 2 diabetes?

Life expectancy can be increased by 3 years or in some cases as much as 10 years. At age 50, life expectancy- the number of years a person is expected to live- is 6 years shorter for people with type 2 diabetes than for people without it. People with type 2 diabetes can reduce their risk of complications and live longer by achieving their treatment goals.

Is diabetes a problem in the UK?

Diabetes prevalence – One in ten people over 40 in the UK are now living with a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes, according to our new analysis released today. The new figures show that there are 3.8 million people living with a diagnosis of diabetes in the UK, and 90% of those with type 2.

There are almost 1 million more people living with type 2 diabetes, who don’t know they have it because they haven’t been diagnosed, bringing the total number up to 4.7 million. By 2030 it is predicted this number will rise to 5.5 million. The dramatic increase in obesity rates is the main driver behind so many more people living with type 2 diabetes in the UK.

Three in five adults in England are overweight or obese, and while not every case of type 2 diabetes is caused by excessive weight, it is the single greatest risk factor for developing the condition. Age, family history, and ethnicity can also contribute to someone’s risk, with people of African-Caribbean, Black African, or South Asian descent two to four times more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than white people.

What age does type 2 diabetes peak?

Healthy eating is your recipe for managing diabetes. More than 37 million Americans have diabetes (about 1 in 10), and approximately 90-95% of them have type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes most often develops in people over age 45, but more and more children, teens, and young adults are also developing it.

What country has the highest percentage of type 1 diabetes?

List of countries by incidence of Type 1 diabetes ages 0 to 14

Position Country Incidence (per 100,000)
1 Finland 57.6
2 Sweden 43.1
3 Saudi Arabia 31.4
4 Norway 27.9

Why do people suddenly get diabetes?

The role of glucose – Glucose — a sugar — is a source of energy for the cells that make up muscles and other tissues.

Glucose comes from two major sources: food and the liver. Sugar is absorbed into the bloodstream, where it enters cells with the help of insulin. The liver stores and makes glucose. When glucose levels are low, such as when you haven’t eaten in a while, the liver breaks down stored glycogen into glucose. This keeps your glucose level within a typical range.

The exact cause of most types of diabetes is unknown. In all cases, sugar builds up in the bloodstream. This is because the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin. Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes may be caused by a combination of genetic or environmental factors. It is unclear what those factors may be.

Why does diabetes get worse with age?

What is the epidemiology and pathogenesis of diabetes in older adults? – According to the most recent surveillance data, the prevalence of diabetes among U.S. adults aged ≥65 years varies from 22 to 33%, depending on the diagnostic criteria used. Postprandial hyperglycemia is a prominent characteristic of type 2 diabetes in older adults (3,4), contributing to observed differences in prevalence depending on which diagnostic test is used (5).

  1. Using the A1C or fasting plasma glucose (FPG) diagnostic criteria, as is currently done for national surveillance, one-third of older adults with diabetes are undiagnosed (1).
  2. The epidemic of type 2 diabetes is clearly linked to increasing rates of overweight and obesity in the U.S.
  3. Population, but projections by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) suggest that even if diabetes incidence rates level off, the prevalence of diabetes will double in the next 20 years, in part due to the aging of the population (6).

Other projections suggest that the number of cases of diagnosed diabetes in those aged ≥65 years will increase by 4.5-fold (compared to 3-fold in the total population) between 2005 and 2050 (7). The incidence of diabetes increases with age until about age 65 years, after which both incidence and prevalence seem to level off ( ).

  • As a result, older adults with diabetes may either have incident disease (diagnosed after age 65 years) or long-standing diabetes with onset in middle age or earlier.
  • Demographic and clinical characteristics of these two groups differ in a number of ways, adding to the complexity of making generalized treatment recommendations for older patients with diabetes.

Older-age–onset diabetes is more common in non-Hispanic whites and is characterized by lower mean A1C and lower likelihood of insulin use than is middle-age–onset diabetes. Although a history of retinopathy is significantly more common in older adults with middle-age–onset diabetes than those with older-age onset, there is, interestingly, no difference in prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) or peripheral neuropathy by age of onset (8).

Older adults with diabetes have the highest rates of major lower-extremity amputation (9), myocardial infarction (MI), visual impairment, and end-stage renal disease of any age-group. Those aged ≥75 years have higher rates than those aged 65–74 years for most complications. Deaths from hyperglycemic crises also are significantly higher in older adults (although rates have declined markedly in the past 2 decades).

Those aged ≥75 years also have double the rate of emergency department visits for hypoglycemia than the general population with diabetes (10). Although increasing numbers of individuals with type 1 diabetes are living into old age (11), this discussion of pathophysiology concerns type 2 diabetes—overwhelmingly the most common incident and prevalent type in older age-groups.

  1. Older adults are at high risk for the development of type 2 diabetes due to the combined effects of increasing insulin resistance and impaired pancreatic islet function with aging.
  2. Age-related insulin resistance appears to be primarily associated with adiposity, sarcopenia, and physical inactivity (12), which may partially explain the disproportionate success of the intensive lifestyle intervention in older participants in the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) (13).

However, age-related declines of pancreatic islet function (4,14) and islet proliferative capacity (15,16) have previously been described.

Which European country has the highest rate of diabetes?

Germany had the highest prevalence of diabetes in Europe among their adult population with 15.3 percent living with diabetes in 2019, Portugal followed with the second highest share at 14.2 percent. On the other hand, Ireland was the country with the lowest prevalence of diabetes in Europe at 4.4 percent.

Which country has less diabetes?

– The prevalence of diabetes is rising globally, particularly type 2 diabetes. Pakistan, French Polynesia, and Kuwait have the highest prevalence rates. African countries have the lowest rates. People can help prevent type 2 diabetes by maintaining a healthy weight, being physically active, and eating healthy foods.

Which country is the diabetes capital?

India is often referred to as the ‘Diabetes Capital of the World’, as it accounts for 17%percent of the total number of diabetes patients in the world. There are currently close to 80 million people with diabetes in India and this number is expected to increase to 135 million by 2045.

  • As the world observes World Diabetes Day on November 14, read how it has taken a toll on the health of many Indians.
  • What is Diabetes? Diabetes is a medical condition that is caused due to insufficient production and secretion of insulin from the pancreas in case of Type-I diabetes and defective response of insulin for Type-2 diabetes.

Under normal body circumstances, blood glucose levels are tightly controlled by insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas. Insulin lowers the blood glucose level. When the blood glucose elevates (for example, after eating food), insulin is released from the pancreas to normalize the glucose level.

In patients with diabetes, the absence or insufficient production of insulin causes hyperglycemia. Prevalence in India Diabetes is primarily a lifestyle condition that has increased alarmingly across all age groups in India, and the prevalence among the younger population has also increased above 10%.

The prevalence of diabetes in India has increased by 64 percent over the quarter-century, says a November 2017 report by the Indian Council for Medical Research, Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, and the Public Health Foundation of India,

  • About 98 million Indians could have diabetes by 2030 — these projections come from the International Diabetes Federation and the Global Burden of Disease project.
  • Worryingly, in India, a large number of children are also impacted by diabetes.
  • Children are developing obesity and metabolic syndrome early because of the change in diets to more processed and fast foods.

While there are several health conditions that Indians are combating, diabetes is one of the most important. This was clearly shown by the Covid-19 pandemic where it was those with comorbidities like diabetes who had worse outcomes including the dreaded mucormycosis or the black fungus,

  1. With the country having the highest number of diabetic patients in the world, the sugar disease is posing an enormous health problem to our country today.
  2. According to a World Health Organization (WHO) fact sheet on diabetes, an estimated 3.4 million deaths are caused due to high blood sugar in the world.

Why Indians are more prone to diabetes The current exponential rise of diabetes in India is mainly attributed to lifestyle changes. The rapid change in dietary patterns, physical inactivity, and increased body weight, especially the accumulation of abdominal fat are some of the primary reasons for increased prevalence.

  • Ethnically, Indians seem to be more prone to diabetes as compared to the Caucasians, although the precise mechanisms are not well known.
  • The epidemic increase in diabetes in India along with various studies on migrant and native Indians clearly indicate that Indians have an increased predilection to diabetes which could well be due to a greater genetic predisposition to diabetes in Indians.

At the same time, the increased ‘westernization’, especially in the metros and the larger cities, has led to a drastic change in our lifestyle with changes in our traditional diets and decrease in physical activity. With the increasing availability of machines to do our work, there’s also a substantial drop in day-to-day activities.

  • The rural migration to urban areas also does play a role.
  • Stress, of course, does play a role, but it’s difficult to quantify.
  • Currently, India is undergoing a rapid epidemiological transition with increased urbanization.
  • The current urbanization rate is 35% compared to 15% in the 1950’s and this could have major implications on the present and future disease patterns in India with particular reference to diabetes and coronary artery disease.

Environmental and lifestyle changes resulting from industrialization and migration to urban environments from rural settings may be responsible to a large extent for this epidemic of Type 2 diabetes in Indians. Obesity, especially central obesity and increased visceral fat due to physical inactivity, and consumption of a high-calorie/high-fat and high sugar diets, thus become major contributing factors.

  1. Another factor that is not under our control is that we Indians have a greater degree of insulin resistance which means our cells do not respond to the hormone insulin.
  2. And when compared to Europeans, our blood insulin levels also tend to rise higher and more persistently when we eat carbohydrates.
  3. Managing Diabetes India has a challenge to face undoubtedly.

However, medical experts feel that timely detection and right management can go a long way in helping patients lead a normal life. Though a chronic medical condition, Diabetes can be curbed at the initial level by introducing lifestyle changes and controlled after its incidence through medicines in early stages and administration of external insulin in advanced stages.

Can you live 30 years with diabetes?

Life expectancy for people with well-managed diabetes – We want to be clear, however, that just merely having a diagnosis of diabetes does not automatically lower your life expectancy! Many research studies do not control for things like diet, sleep, stress management, family history, and even things like terrible accidents, resulting in fatal high and low blood sugars that can alter results.

Additionally, many statistics are based on averages, and often combine all types of diabetes into one data set (type 1, type 2, gestational, LADA, MODY, and more). If you have well-managed diabetes and your blood sugars and HbA1c are well within a healthy range (and this can only be determined between you and your doctor), then you should not worry about a shortened life expectancy.

You are not a statistic! People with well-managed diabetes have been known to live full and complete lives, with normal life expectancies. Shortened life expectancies are a direct result of prolonged high blood sugars (sometimes acute low blood sugar episodes), and diabetes complications that develop into comorbidities that contribute to premature death.

How many people in UK have diabetes 2022?

One in ten over 40s now has type 2 diabetes, and the number of people living with diabetes in all its forms in the UK has reached 4.7 million. The number of people affected by diabetes is expected to reach 5.5 million by 2030.

Does England have a high rate of diabetes?

News & Views One in 10 UK adults. One in 10 UK adults could have diabetes by 2030, warns charity

Up to one in 10 adults in the UK could have diabetes by 2030 unless the government makes a substantial investment in prevention services, a charity has warned. Diagnoses of diabetes have doubled over the past 15 years, and there are currently almost 4.1 million people in the UK who have either type 1 or type 2 diabetes.

Do 10% of Americans have diabetes?

Healthy eating is your recipe for managing diabetes. More than 37 million Americans have diabetes (about 1 in 10), and approximately 90-95% of them have type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes most often develops in people over age 45, but more and more children, teens, and young adults are also developing it.