There are three main types of diabetes : type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes (diabetes while pregnant). More than 133 million Americans are living with diabetes (37.3 million) or prediabetes (96 million). What is Diabetes?
Which is worse type1 or type 2 diabetes?
Is one type of diabetes worse than the other? No. People with either type of diabetes are at risk for cardiac events if the condition is not well managed, as well as for other complications including eye disease and blood vessel damage.
Which diabetes is more rare?
Forms Of Diabetes 2016-04-01 More than 537 million people live with any type of diabetes worldwide, most of whom live with type 2 diabetes.8.7 million people live with type 1 diabetes. An estimated 1-5% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes are rare types, such as latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA), maturity-onset diabetes in the young (MODY), cystic fibrosis-related diabetes (CFRD), Cushing’s syndrome and others.
- Explore these various forms of diabetes and what makes them distinct in the diabetes family.
- Type 1 diabetes is a chronic autoimmune condition that makes the body unable to produce insulin, the hormone that regulates blood sugar.
- Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body cannot properly use insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar.
This is also known as insulin resistance. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a form of diabetes that affects pregnant women, and occurs in 1 in 25 pregnancies worldwide. It is caused by the malfunctioning of insulin receptors, due to the, Monogenic diabetes is a rare type of diabetes that’s caused by a single gene mutation.
It accounts for about 1-2% of all diabetes cases, though its prevalence may actually be up to 5%. It has cha. Brittle diabetes is a rare form of insulin-dependent diabetes and is marked by frequent and severe episodes of hypoglycemia and/or hyperglycemia (DKA). This instability of blood sugar levels often lea.
Wolfram Syndrome, also called DIDMOAD (diabetes insipidus, diabetes mellitus, optic atrophy, and deafness), is a rare genetic disorder that causes Type 1 diabetes and other serious conditions from exc. People who have cystic fibrosis (CF) have excessive, thick mucus, which in turn can scar the pancreas.
If scarring occurs, the pancreas stops producing normal amounts of insulin, causing the person to. Pancreatic diabetes is caused by chronic pancreatitis, a prolonged inflammation of the pancreas, which causes extensive damage to exocrine tissue. When acute hyperglycemia develops, the islet cells of.
People with type 1 diabetes, an autoimmune disease, are more likely to have a co-occurring autoimmune disorder. Latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) is a form of type 1 diabetes that is often misdiagnosed as type 2 diabetes.
Which diabetes is genetic?
Type 1 diabetes – In most cases of type 1 diabetes, people need to inherit risk factors from both parents. We think these factors must be more common in white people because white people have the highest rate of type 1 diabetes. Because most people who are at risk do not get diabetes, researchers want to find out what the environmental triggers are.
- One trigger might be related to cold weather.
- Type 1 diabetes develops more often in winter than summer and is more common in places with cold climates.
- Another trigger might be viruses.
- It’s possible that a virus that has only mild effects on most people triggers type 1 diabetes in others.
- Early diet may also play a role.
For example, type 1 diabetes is less common in people who were breastfed and in those who first ate solid foods at later ages. In many people, the development of type 1 diabetes seems to take many years. In experiments that follow relatives of people with type 1 diabetes, researchers have found that most of those who later got diabetes had certain autoantibodies, or proteins that destroy bacteria or viruses (antibodies ‘gone bad’ that attack the body’s own tissues), in their blood for years before they are diagnosed.
Can you live a long life with diabetes?
Life expectancy can be increased by 3 years or in some cases as much as 10 years. At age 50, life expectancy- the number of years a person is expected to live- is 6 years shorter for people with type 2 diabetes than for people without it. People with type 2 diabetes can reduce their risk of complications and live longer by achieving their treatment goals.
What is brain diabetes?
Hyperglycemia and the Brain – Because your brain relies on sugar for its energy source, you may think, ” The more sugar I give it, the better off my brain will be,” But that couldn’t be further from the truth. Having frequent episodes of hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) can stress the brain.
- And because the effects of high blood sugar happen over time and aren’t obvious right away, many people don’t know that their brain is being affected.
- High blood sugar over time damages blood vessels in the brain that carry oxygen-rich blood.
- When your brain receives too little blood, brain cells can die.
This is called brain atrophy and can cause problems with memory and thinking and eventually can lead to vascular dementia. Your doctor will set a personal blood sugar target range for you. You can help protect your brain by keeping your blood sugar as close to your target levels as possible and by eating a diet rich in vegetables, fiber, and fruit along with getting regular physical activity.
What is the mildest form of diabetes?
What is maturity-onset diabetes in the young (MODY)? – Maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY) is a group of different types of inherited diabetes. They occur in teens and young adults. MODY is often at first incorrectly diagnosed as type 1 or type 2 diabetes.
The symptoms of diabetes linked to MODY vary. It depends on the type of MODY diagnosed. MODY 2 seems to be the mildest form of the disease. It often causes only mild high blood sugar (hyperglycemia). It also affects how the body responds to blood sugar. The other forms of MODY may need treatment with insulin, much like type 1 diabetes.
MODY makes up 1 in 100 to 1 in 20 cases of diabetes in U.S. adults. Family members of people with MODY are at much greater risk for the condition. Your healthcare provider may diagnose MODY if 3 generations of your family have been diagnosed with mild diabetes before age 25.